Presentation on theme: "Monday, September 22 Do Now: Agenda: Homework:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Monday, September 22 Do Now: Agenda: Homework: Shake off the weekend cobwebs. Review, recall, and answer:1. How did Yellow Journalism influence Americans’ views of the Cuban Rebellion?2. What did John Hay mean when he called America’s war with Spain a “splendid little war”?3. How did U.S. policies, such as the Platt Amendment, secure control over its newly acquired territories?4. What methods did the United States use to gain land and influence in the Pacific Region?Monday, September 22Agenda:Do-NowQuiz CorrectionNotes on the international effects of the Spanish-American War & ImperialismHomework:Read Chapter 17, Section 3 in your textCopy and complete the chart provided
2 DO-NOW ANSWERSYellow Journalism inspired sympathy for the Cuban rebels, built American nationalism, and increased a sense of hatred for the Spanish, and a demand for interventionJohn Hay meant that the war was short and victorious. American deaths in battle were relatively few and the cost relatively inexpensive.The Platt Amendment made Cuba into an American satellite. The Treaty of Paris made the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico American possessions. American forces fought a brutal campaign to retain control of Philippines.The US proclaimed an Open Door trade policy with China. The US acquired partial control over Samoa by treaty and by declaring protectorate status. The US annexed Hawaii in 1898.
4 1898 Treaty of Paris Spanish government recognizes Cuba’s independence Spain gives Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United States with a $20 million price tag
5 Can the US build an empire and become a colonial power when the nation’s basic principle is the right to liberty?
6 Dilemma in the Philippines Can the US become a colonial power when the nation’s basic principle is the right to liberty?Many say NO!President McKinley declares Filipino people “unfit for self-government” to justify the disrespect for American idealsIronically, also claims they needed to be Christianized
7 Dilemma in the Philippines Filipino rebel leader, Emilio Aguinaldo, issues a proclamation in January declaring his country a republicThe US ignores himTensions build and a war erupts in FebruaryBitter war carries on for 3 years, then occasional fighting continues1946 Philippines gains complete independence
8 WAR WITH PHILIPPINES FORMER BROTHERS AT WAR, NO LONGER: 4,000+ Americans killed3,000+ Americans wounded16,000 Filipino rebels killed200,000 Filipino civilians killed“Had the Filipinos been white and fought as bravely as they have, the war would have been ended and their independence granted a long time ago.” -An American critic of the war with the Philippines
9 Anti-Imperialist“Much as we abhor the ‘criminal aggression’ in the Philippines, greatly as we regret that the blood of the Filipinos is on American hands, we more deeply resent the betrayal of American institutions at home. The real firing line is not in the suburbs of Manila. The foe is of our own household. The attempt of 1861 was to divide the country. That of 1899 is to destroy its fundamental principles and noblest ideals.”- Anti-Imperialist League
11 Cuba & Puerto RicoSupporters of Cuban independence attached the “Teller Amendment” to Congress’ 1898 war resolution with SpainPromised the US would not annex CubaAmerican involvement does not end with victory over SpainPresident McKinley installs a military government to protect American businessRules for 3 yearsOrganized a school systemRestored economic stability1900, Cubans began to draft a constitution
12 Cuba & Puerto Rico Cuba’s constitution Based on US constitution and did not allow US to remain involvedUS insists they include the “Platt Amendment”Limited the abilities of the Cuban Gov.Gave the US the right to intervene whenever necessaryThis remains in force until 1934Puerto Rico did not become independentThe US granted Puerto Ricans US citizenship to squelch an independence movement
13 Hawaii 1880’s Late 1880’s President McKinley in favor of annexation Renewed trade treatyLease of Pearl Harbor to the US as a refuel/repair station for shipsLate 1880’sHawaiian-born white planters forced King Kalakaua to accept a new constitution and gave them control of the governmentPresident McKinley in favor of annexation
14 Samoa1878 US negotiates a treaty offering protection in return for a lease on the harbor at Pago Pago1800’s, Britain and Germany begin competing for the islands of Samoa, tooAlmost leads to warArrange a 3-way protectorate of Samoa in 18891899 Britain withdraws from SamoaGermany and the US divide up the islands and the US acquires the harbor at Pago Pago
20 HOMEWORK: Read Chapter 17, Section 3 HOMEWORK: Read Chapter 17, Section 3. Copy the chart below, and fill in the information.PolicyBig Stick DiplomacyDollar DiplomacyMoral DiplomacyPresidentDescription of PolicyDescription of how the policy was enactedWhich countries were targeted by the foreign policy