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Identify the areas of the United States military, economic, and political involvement and influence NCSCOS 6.02.

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Presentation on theme: "Identify the areas of the United States military, economic, and political involvement and influence NCSCOS 6.02."— Presentation transcript:

1 Identify the areas of the United States military, economic, and political involvement and influence NCSCOS 6.02

2 Macro Concepts Conflict-problem or issue that is controversial and can cause problems without compromise. Conflict-problem or issue that is controversial and can cause problems without compromise. Leadership- method of setting examples for others to follow. Leadership- method of setting examples for others to follow. Power-authority of a government to carry out the law. Power-authority of a government to carry out the law. Resources-items such as wood, metal and oil that can be used to make finished products. Resources-items such as wood, metal and oil that can be used to make finished products. Micro Concepts Imperialism-system of government that has a larger more powerful country taking over weaker smaller countries. Imperialism-system of government that has a larger more powerful country taking over weaker smaller countries. Nationalism-extreme pride and feeling of patriotism for one’s country. Nationalism-extreme pride and feeling of patriotism for one’s country. Economic Markets-places where goods such as natural resources and finished products are bought and sold. Economic Markets-places where goods such as natural resources and finished products are bought and sold. Social Darwinism-belief that wealthy people have their status because of their hard work, intelligence, education. Poor are that way because of poor work ethic and laziness. Social Darwinism-belief that wealthy people have their status because of their hard work, intelligence, education. Poor are that way because of poor work ethic and laziness. Yellow Journalism-type of newspaper reporting that exaggerates and sensationalizes world events. Yellow Journalism-type of newspaper reporting that exaggerates and sensationalizes world events.

3 Seward’s Folly In 1867 [2 years after the end of the U.S. Civil War] Secretary of State William Seward was able to get the U.S. Senate to agree to a treaty with Russia to buy Alaska for $.02 per acre [totaling $7.2 million]. The U.S. increased its size by about 20%. Eventually massive oil deposits were discovered which the U.S. still uses today. A major result of this acquisition was that it wetted the appetite [influenced] of the United States to become imperialist.

4 Annexation of Hawaii  Americans such as Sanford Dole whose families had moved to Hawaii in the 1830s and 1840s were initially welcomed warmly by Hawaii’s monarchy.  After newer larger plantation owners came to Hawaii in the 1870s and 1880s they pushed to remove the Queen.  Rich fruit company owners led by Dole’s descendants convinced the U.S. military to dethrone and remove Queen Liliokalani.  Hawaii was officially annexed [taken over] by the U.S. in 1898. It later became the 50 th state in 1959. Fruit Planter Sanford Dole Hawaii’s Queen Liliokalani

5 USS Maine  A U.S. warship was sent to Havana Harbor in Cuba to protect U.S. interests in 1898.  Cuba at the time was still a Spanish possession.  There was tension between the U.S. and Spain because Spain held territories within the United States’ sphere of influence.  Aboard the USS Maine were tons of explosives that were not tightly guarded or secured.  A huge explosion occurred killing at least 266 U.S. personnel.  U.S. newspaper articles speculated that Spain had sunk the ship. The U.S. declared war on Spain and defeated her within 113 days. newspaper articles speculated newspaper articles speculated

6 Splendid Little War Due to the aggression and strong naval power of the United States it was able to defeat Spain with 113 days. Due to the aggression and strong naval power of the United States it was able to defeat Spain with 113 days. Secretary of War John Hay wrote a short letter to President Teddy Roosevelt from London stating that he thought the Spanish-American War had been a “Splendid Little War.” Secretary of War John Hay wrote a short letter to President Teddy Roosevelt from London stating that he thought the Spanish-American War had been a “Splendid Little War.” He most likely believed this because: He most likely believed this because: [a] it was short and the United States did not suffer large numbers of casualties [b] the U.S. acquired several territories.

7 The Philippines The Philippines  The spirit of Jingoism throughout the United States had spread as the war with Spain spread to Asia.  Commodore [High ranking U.S. Navy officer] George Dewey was in charge of the invasion of the Philippines which was also a Spanish colony.  To make the invasion easier and more successful Dewey reached out to a Filipino rebel named Emilio Aguinaldo to help fight the Spanish.  Within weeks of the invasion the Philippines was captured by the U.S.

8 The Rough Riders  Due to the destruction and low morale created by the U.S. Civil War the U.S. Military [especially the army] had very low numbers.  In order to field a force able to battle Spain in the so-called Spanish-American War more than 1,000 volunteers were called to serve by President McKinley.  Former NYC police commissioner and state legislator Theodore Roosevelt was selected as second in command of the 1 st Cavalry Brigade. Teddy Roosevelt

9 The Rough Riders Many of the soldiers were very experienced. Many of the soldiers were very experienced. Veterans of the U.S. Civil War and Western Indian Wars were eager to see action in Cuba. Veterans of the U.S. Civil War and Western Indian Wars were eager to see action in Cuba. The group included gamblers, army veterans, hunters, Buffalo soldiers, Native-Americans and college students. The group included gamblers, army veterans, hunters, Buffalo soldiers, Native-Americans and college students. Within weeks of their arrival in Cuba the Rough Riders were triumphant in key battles including the famous and decisive Battle of San Juan Hill. Within weeks of their arrival in Cuba the Rough Riders were triumphant in key battles including the famous and decisive Battle of San Juan Hill. Their exploits enabled the U.S. to defeat Spain and liberate Cuba. Their exploits enabled the U.S. to defeat Spain and liberate Cuba. Lt. Colonel Roosevelt

10 The Panama Canal The Panama Canal was completed by the U.S. after a long and dangerous 10 year construction. The Panama Canal was completed by the U.S. after a long and dangerous 10 year construction. France had earlier failed miserably in its attempt to build the Canal. France had earlier failed miserably in its attempt to build the Canal. Many people died during the long, tedious and dangerous construction. Many people died during the long, tedious and dangerous construction. THE PURPOSE OF THE CANAL WAS TO ENSURE THAT MARKETS IN SOUTH AMERICA AND ASIA WOULD BE OPENED TO THE UNITED STATES. THE PURPOSE OF THE CANAL WAS TO ENSURE THAT MARKETS IN SOUTH AMERICA AND ASIA WOULD BE OPENED TO THE UNITED STATES. The Panama Canal shortened shipping time and distance between the U.S. and Latin America as well as Asia. The Panama Canal shortened shipping time and distance between the U.S. and Latin America as well as Asia.

11 The Teller Amendment and Cuba President McKinley sought authority [War Message] from Congress to attack Spain as revenge for the USS Maine. President McKinley sought authority [War Message] from Congress to attack Spain as revenge for the USS Maine. Senator Teller of Colorado added an amendment to the war declaration that would forbid the U.S. from establishing a permanent colony in Cuba. Senator Teller of Colorado added an amendment to the war declaration that would forbid the U.S. from establishing a permanent colony in Cuba. Cuba would be liberated and allowed to be an independent nation. Cuba would be liberated and allowed to be an independent nation.

12 Assignment: Response to the USS Maine Explosion You just read a newspaper article written by yellow journalists about the explosion of the USS Maine. You just read a newspaper article written by yellow journalists about the explosion of the USS Maine. What should we do about it? What should we do about it? Did we get attacked by Spain or was the explosion just a mistake? Could American sailors have made a mistake causing 266 Americans to die? Did we get attacked by Spain or was the explosion just a mistake? Could American sailors have made a mistake causing 266 Americans to die? Give some advice to the President of the United States [William McKinley]. How should the United States respond? Think about all the possibilities, consequences and benefits if we attack. Give some advice to the President of the United States [William McKinley]. How should the United States respond? Think about all the possibilities, consequences and benefits if we attack. Write a one page letter [to anyone of your choice] or 6 panel cartoon strip describing or explaining what the president should do in reaction to the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine. Write a one page letter [to anyone of your choice] or 6 panel cartoon strip describing or explaining what the president should do in reaction to the explosion of the U.S.S. Maine.

13 Yellow Journalism Yellow Journalism Both new immigrants and long standing Americans had a “hunger for words.” Both new immigrants and long standing Americans had a “hunger for words.” Inexpensive newspapers were common in every major city and most people at least read the Front Page Headlines. Most people believed anything that was written in the newspapers Inexpensive newspapers were common in every major city and most people at least read the Front Page Headlines. Most people believed anything that was written in the newspapers Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst competed for readers and lucrative advertising dollars by publishing sensational and scandalous stories. Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst competed for readers and lucrative advertising dollars by publishing sensational and scandalous stories. Crime, corruption, sex and scandal attracted readers to the daily newspapers. Crime, corruption, sex and scandal attracted readers to the daily newspapers. The money and influence gained by these newspapermen struck fear in the hearts of their enemies and the government. The money and influence gained by these newspapermen struck fear in the hearts of their enemies and the government. Pulitzer Hearst

14 Treaty of Paris in 1898 Treaty of Paris in 1898 In order to end the Spanish-American War Spain and the U.S. met in Paris to sign a peace agreement called the Treaty of Paris [several earlier treaties were also called that]. In order to end the Spanish-American War Spain and the U.S. met in Paris to sign a peace agreement called the Treaty of Paris [several earlier treaties were also called that]. The most important part of the agreement was the transfer of Puerto Rico, Guam and Cuba to the U.S. [Cuba was later given its independence]. The Philippines was later purchased for $20 million by the U.S. The U.S. Senate ratified the treaty 2 months later. The most important part of the agreement was the transfer of Puerto Rico, Guam and Cuba to the U.S. [Cuba was later given its independence]. The Philippines was later purchased for $20 million by the U.S. The U.S. Senate ratified the treaty 2 months later. President McKinley U.S. Secretary of State John Hay Spain’s foreign minister

15 The Platt Amendment The Platt Amendment The Platt Amendment was added to a federal law in 1901. The Platt Amendment was added to a federal law in 1901. The purpose of the Platt Amendment was to ensure that Cuba would remain tied to the United States [even after independence]. The purpose of the Platt Amendment was to ensure that Cuba would remain tied to the United States [even after independence]. The following conditions were placed on Cuba: The following conditions were placed on Cuba: [a] Cuba must not make treaties that would weaken its independence. [b] Cuba must allow the U.S. to buy or lease the Guantanamo Bay naval base. [c] Cuba must keep debts low to avoid foreign conflicts and wars. [d] The U.S. reserved the right to involve itself to maintain order and independence.

16 President Wilson’s Mexican problem President Wilson’s Mexican problem After territorial acquisitions in Latin America and Asia the United States had a “reputation” to maintain. After territorial acquisitions in Latin America and Asia the United States had a “reputation” to maintain. The Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt Corollary set precedents for the U.S. to show force in its sphere of influence. The Monroe Doctrine and Roosevelt Corollary set precedents for the U.S. to show force in its sphere of influence. In the 1910s corruption and political unrest led to a revolution in Mexico. In the 1910s corruption and political unrest led to a revolution in Mexico. The Mexican Army overthrew its corrupt dictator Porfirio Diaz and replaced him with General Victoriano Huerta. The Mexican Army overthrew its corrupt dictator Porfirio Diaz and replaced him with General Victoriano Huerta. The U.S. was not pleased with the situation and with military force [naval bombardment] installed a new president that Mexican rebels hated Venustiano Carranza. The U.S. was not pleased with the situation and with military force [naval bombardment] installed a new president that Mexican rebels hated Venustiano Carranza. Mexican rebel leader Pancho Villa

17 The Elusive Pancho Villa and General Black Jack Pershing Mexican forces led by rebel Pancho Villa would not accept President Carranza and as a result conducted raids [swift, violent military invasions] into U.S. areas such as New Mexico and Arizona. Mexican forces led by rebel Pancho Villa would not accept President Carranza and as a result conducted raids [swift, violent military invasions] into U.S. areas such as New Mexico and Arizona. U.S. President Wilson sent General Pershing into Mexico to capture Villa to end the raids. U.S. President Wilson sent General Pershing into Mexico to capture Villa to end the raids. Pershing was never able to find and capture Villa who to many Mexicans became a symbol of independence and defiance of the United States. Pershing was never able to find and capture Villa who to many Mexicans became a symbol of independence and defiance of the United States. Other people simply called Villa a lawless bandit. Other people simply called Villa a lawless bandit. U.S. Army General Jack PershingMexican rebel leader Pancho Villa

18 Assignment: Front Page Newspaper editorial Create a front page for a newspaper in the sensationalist yellow journalist style. Create a front page for a newspaper in the sensationalist yellow journalist style. You must have the following: You must have the following: [a] “catchy” and “sensationalist” headline across the top of the newspaper [b] newspaper name such as The Daily News [c] a correct date [d] author’s name [yours or a “made up” name]. [e] have at least 5 of the terms we learned in Objective 6.02 for 5 separate articles on your front page [f] have at least 5 detailed and descriptive sentences for your articles [g] have at least one matching image for each article [h] spelling and grammar count so use a dictionary and ask me for assistance if you need it.

19 Image sources http://www.sdpb.org/EducationalServicesGuide/etvprograms/pdf/19thMaps/Alaska- Sewards_Folly.jpg http://www.sdpb.org/EducationalServicesGuide/etvprograms/pdf/19thMaps/Alaska- Sewards_Folly.jpg http://www.sdpb.org/EducationalServicesGuide/etvprograms/pdf/19thMaps/Alaska- Sewards_Folly.jpg http://www.sdpb.org/EducationalServicesGuide/etvprograms/pdf/19thMaps/Alaska- Sewards_Folly.jpg http://www.freshplaza.com/2009/0611/dole.jpg http://www.freshplaza.com/2009/0611/dole.jpg http://www.freshplaza.com/2009/0611/dole.jpg http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/20/8320-004-580DECCC.jpg http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/20/8320-004-580DECCC.jpg http://media-3.web.britannica.com/eb-media/20/8320-004-580DECCC.jpg http://onlineartdirector.com/history_pages/spanish-american_war.jpg http://onlineartdirector.com/history_pages/spanish-american_war.jpg http://onlineartdirector.com/history_pages/spanish-american_war.jpg http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/4048/PreviewComp/SuperStock_4048- 1998.jpg http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/4048/PreviewComp/SuperStock_4048- 1998.jpg http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/4048/PreviewComp/SuperStock_4048- 1998.jpg http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/4048/PreviewComp/SuperStock_4048- 1998.jpg http://travel-island.com/countrymaps/philippines.gif http://travel-island.com/countrymaps/philippines.gif http://travel-island.com/countrymaps/philippines.gif http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/John_Hay_signs_Treaty_ of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG/250px-John_Hay_signs_Treaty_of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/John_Hay_signs_Treaty_ of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG/250px-John_Hay_signs_Treaty_of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/John_Hay_signs_Treaty_ of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG/250px-John_Hay_signs_Treaty_of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG http://rpmedia.ask.com/ts?u=/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/John_Hay_signs_Treaty_ of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG/250px-John_Hay_signs_Treaty_of_Paris%2C_1899.JPG http://www.iancfriedman.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/headline6.gif http://www.iancfriedman.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/headline6.gif http://www.iancfriedman.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/headline6.gif http://www.old-picture.com/american-history-1900-1930s/pictures/Pancho-Villa-002.jpg http://www.old-picture.com/american-history-1900-1930s/pictures/Pancho-Villa-002.jpg http://www.old-picture.com/american-history-1900-1930s/pictures/Pancho-Villa-002.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_femhrxbNtS0/SyMWu9xoWbI/AAAAAAAACwg/9PmkjKYoXw8/s 400/PERSHING.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_femhrxbNtS0/SyMWu9xoWbI/AAAAAAAACwg/9PmkjKYoXw8/s 400/PERSHING.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_femhrxbNtS0/SyMWu9xoWbI/AAAAAAAACwg/9PmkjKYoXw8/s 400/PERSHING.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_femhrxbNtS0/SyMWu9xoWbI/AAAAAAAACwg/9PmkjKYoXw8/s 400/PERSHING.jpg http://www.freedomarchives.org/La_Lucha_Continua/images/pancho_villa.jpg http://www.freedomarchives.org/La_Lucha_Continua/images/pancho_villa.jpg http://www.freedomarchives.org/La_Lucha_Continua/images/pancho_villa.jpg http://www.telovation.com/photos/newspaper-headlines-hitler-dead.jpg http://www.telovation.com/photos/newspaper-headlines-hitler-dead.jpg


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