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ABC Civil War Book 2010. Antietam- Also known as the “Bloodiest Day” of the Civil War took place at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland on September.

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Presentation on theme: "ABC Civil War Book 2010. Antietam- Also known as the “Bloodiest Day” of the Civil War took place at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland on September."— Presentation transcript:

1 ABC Civil War Book 2010

2 Antietam- Also known as the “Bloodiest Day” of the Civil War took place at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland on September 17 th, Both McClellan’s army and Lee’s clashed and the result was the bloodiest day of all American history. Before the Battle of Antietam, a Confederate officer accidently left a copy of Lee’s battle plans wrapped around three cigars at a campsite. When Union troops arrived to the abandoned campsite, a Union soldier stumbled on the plans. The captured plans gave McClellan and his army a chance to stop Robert E. Lee and his army. After battling themselves to exhaustion, neither side had gained any land by nightfall. Lee losing 1/3 of his fighting force retreated to Virginia. Abraham Lincoln so frustrated that McClellan didn’t follow and finish off the weakened Confederacy, fired McClellan in November “Again and again…by charges and counter-charges, this portion of the field was lost and recovered, until green corn that grew upon it looked as if it had been struck by a storm of bloody hail….From sheer exhaustion, both sides, like battered and bleeding athletes, seemed willing to rest” John B. Gordon Union troops determined march. A ntietam the Civil War’s Bloodiest Day. One by one soldiers fall. Confederate lose to their dismay. Bullets stop, the Union soldiers listen- Lee retreats his army is done. Confederacy gets away all McClellan’s fault! The Battle is over the Union have won! A is for A ntietam A is for A ntietam!

3 E is for the confederate general Robert E. lee who marched through the town A great general is he Robert E.Lee was was the 2nd graduate out of west point. His comrades considered him a military genius. Lee didn’t agree to slavery but since his home state Virginia was in the south he choose to fight for the confederates. He soon became the head of the confederate army. Robert E.Lee was was the 2nd graduate out of west point. His comrades considered him a military genius. Lee didn’t agree to slavery but since his home state Virginia was in the south he choose to fight for the confederates. He soon became the head of the confederate army. Lee was an astonishing general, who won many battles.These battles included Fredericksburg, chancellor Ville,Cold harbor and the second battle of bull run. Along with his many victories, he suffered some devastating defeats. Lee lost many men at the battles of Gettysburg, Antietam, and Petersburg. Soon as his army dwindled in size due to severe casualties, one of America's greatest generals finally surrendered to general Grant at Appomattox. Lee died Lee was an astonishing general, who won many battles.These battles included Fredericksburg, chancellor Ville,Cold harbor and the second battle of bull run. Along with his many victories, he suffered some devastating defeats. Lee lost many men at the battles of Gettysburg, Antietam, and Petersburg. Soon as his army dwindled in size due to severe casualties, one of America's greatest generals finally surrendered to general Grant at Appomattox. Lee died October 12, He will forever be considered, one of the greatest military generals the U.S has ever known. “I did only what my duty demanded I could have taken no other course without dishonor” - Robert E. lee E e

4 Ff April 25 th Spring of 1862 Union had New Orleans South almost split in two Gunboats rammed the warships But they only sunk a few Union ships ran through cannon fire Burning rafts all lie askew F is for the Fall of New Orleans. On April 25 th, 1862, David Farragut led the Union army to capture New Orleans. New Orleans was the largest city in the South, and if they could capture New Orleans, the rest of the South would be weaker. Rebel gunboats rammed the warships, but they only managed to sink one. The Union ships ran through the cannon fire, dodging burning rafts. After getting through the Confederates’ ironclads, there was no one to stop the Union from capturing the city. After the capture of New Orleans, the South was only in control of 150 miles of the Mississippi River. The Union had almost split the South in two. “New Orleans gone-and with it the Confederacy…Are we not cut in two?” -Mary Chesnut

5 K is for King Cotton. At the start of the Civil War, the Confederates knew that the Union had more people and more railroads. So they came up with a plan called King Cotton to go along with their defensive position. At the start, they only wanted to be recognized as a separate country. King Cotton was to withhold cotton from France and Britain, in hopes that they would help the Confederates fight the Union in the war. The plan backfired. The South had had a big crop the year before, and France and Britain didn’t need any more. They didn’t want to get caught up in the American war, and they didn’t. South withheld the cotton A daring plan had they “King Cotton will win” Rebels would cheer and say France and Britain had plenty They needed no more cotton The cunning plans were ruined Confederate plans went rotten Kk “All we ask is to be let alone.” -Jefferson Davis (Southern President)

6 P p The P residents stand tall they can’t be beat there army’s are a part of A magnificent feat P is for the president, Abraham Lincoln of the union and Davis of the confederacy.Lincoln Born February 12, 1809 served as the 16th united states president and head of the union army. Raised from a poor family on the western frontier. He soon became the next president of the united states. Lincoln lead the union throw the war and was the an who ended slavery Lincoln died April 15, 1865 after being assassinated at a theatre. Jefferson Davis born June 3, 1808 A West point graduate.When the civil war began Davis was excited to lead the confederate forces as a general but his fellow peers elected him to be the president of the confederacy. Davis was a good leader for he unlike Lincoln, had excellent military skills from training at west point. Davis soon died May 5, 1865 after natural causes,. He was the first and only president of the confederate states of America “A house divided against itself cannot stand”- said Lincoln.

7 Q is for Q uakers Quakers did many things that changed the Civil War. First of all, they were very peaceful people. Although they enjoyed peace their feeling of patriotism was enough to give them the desire to defend their homes and violate their peace traditions and engage in war. The Quakers might’ve have joined in with the war but they didn’t forget about their peace. So to participate in war and have their peace they invented Quaker Guns. Quaker Guns allowed the Union to win battles without firing a single bullet by scaring the Confederates with fake cannons. Also, the Quakers viewed slavery as a negative thing and with all their opinions on slavery and the North’s, Abraham Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation which put an end to slavery in the South. Quakers played big roles and contributed to some of the Union victories. Q Q uakers were peace loving and hated war. Nothing was faker than the Quaker Gun. They sent Confederate troops running. At the end they got the job done. Q Q uakers didn’t like slavery either. Thought of it as a sin. Abe Lincoln put in end to that. So Quakers marched on determined to win. “If you're a Rebel, I hate you; if you're a Northerner, I love you!” Lida Dutton Q is for Q uakers !

8 R is for R ifles “That tarnation Yankee Rifle they load on Sunday and shoot all week” Described by one Rebel R is for R ifles! Rifles revolutionized the musket being more accurate, efficient, and dangerous. The rifle was usually the most common weapon found on the battlefield. Most rifles were filled with Minié Balls and black powder. The rifle definitely did more damage to soldiers than the musket. As a result, defenders could shoot more attackers before they came too close. Due to the more efficient gun, charges and infantry assaults did not work as well as planned. At the beginning of the Civil War, neither the Union or Confederacy had enough weapons to fight a major war. Rifles and handguns carried by individual soldiers were limited so as a result, both sides imported large amounts of rifles from Europe, buying whatever they could get. There was a wide variety of rifles, including the Springfield Rifle Musket, Sharps Rifle, Lorenz Rifle, Whitworth rifle, the Yankee Rifle etc. Rifles definitely changed the Civil War and added a lot more bodies to the casualty list. R ifles are shot, soldiers duck. Bones are shattered, soldiers fall. Union troops run back home. At the end Confederates stand tall! Confederate troops back for more. Union soldiers don’t back down. Rifles are shot until at last- Confederates leave with a frown…

9 W is for William Sherman’s March. Grant had just been named commander of all Union armies by President Lincoln. Grant would pursue Lee’s army in Virginia while General William Sherman pushed through the deep South to Atlanta and the Atlantic Coast, with total war as their strategy. Total war is a war not only against the enemy, but against everything that supports the enemy. In September 1864, Sherman took Atlanta. He had cut a path of destruction 60 miles wide, and 300 miles long through Georgia. In December, Sherman took Savannah, Georgia, and wrote a letter to President Lincoln. The letter was a Christmas gift that said, “the city of Savannah, with 150 heavy guns…about 25,000 bales of cotton.” The Union made a plan The fall of 1864 To take the Mississippi Their plan was total war “War is cruel and you cannot refine it.” -William Tecumseh Sherman Ww Grant would distract Lee’s army While General Sherman pushed through He cut a path of destruction And split the South in two


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