The British EIC had Bombay, Calcutta and Madras and at first the British did not want more land. But then war broke out between rival Indian princes, and the French interfere – making the Indians trade with France (and not Britain). The EIC would be forced out of India, unless something changed…… 1700-1750: Problems
Robert Clive Conquers India (See pages 34-38 for more details) Robert Clive worked in an office for the EIC but he was getting bored The EIC’s force of armed guards was growing into an army; Clive joined them as an officer In 1751 Clive led 500 men against 10,000 French and Indian soldiers and won!
Clive led the EIC’s army to victory many more times, forcing the French out and making the East India Company very powerful – it wasn’t the British government taking over India – it was a British business!
From about 1800 AD British Christians tried to change Indian customs The Hindu practice Sati is believed to have originated some 700 years ago in India. Women burnt themselves after their men were defeated in battles to avoid being taken by the victors. But it came to be seen as a measure of wifely devotion in later years and sometimes relatives would tie-up the wife, forcing her to die. The custom was outlawed by India's British rulers in 1829 following demands by Indian reformers. But many Indians were against change – especially when forced by the British. Today it happens only once every few years – and causes outrage across India and the world.
The 1857-58 Indian Mutiny/The 1857-58 War of Independence The pay of Indian soldiers (sepoys) - who were working for the EIC army - was cut There were rumours that the sepoys would have to convert from Hinduism or Islam to Christianity Near Delhi some sepoys murdered their British officers and a revolt started against the British across India Many 100’s of British men, women and children were butchered - Cawnpore saw terrible atrocities Then the British got their revenge……..
At Cawnpore the British made anyone suspected of being a rebel lick the ground where the British had been butchered Other rebels were tied to the mouths of cannons and blown to pieces 1000’s died from both sides, and the relationships between the British and the Indians would never be the same again…..
The ‘British Raj’, 1858-1947 In 1858 in response to the rebellion, the British Government abolished the East India Company and declared that India would be ruled directly by the British Government The army brought more British officers to India to prevent anymore rebellions This British ‘raj’, meaning ‘rule’, would continue until a man called Gandhi led India to independence….you’ll find out about him in the Year 8 ‘Human Rights, Human Wrongs’ topic…..
The subcontinent of India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan, China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's highest mountain chain, where foothill valleys cover the northernmost of the country's 26 states. Further south, plateaus, tropical rain forests and sandy deserts are bordered by palm fringed beaches.
5,000 year old civilization 325 languages spoken – 1,652 dialects 18 official languages 29 states, 5 union territories 3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area 7,516 kilometers - Coastline 1,000,000,000 people in 2000
Parliamentary form of Government Secular democratic constitution Worlds largest democracy since 55 years 4 th largest economy Fastest growing IT super power Indian Railways,the biggest employer in the world.
India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when Hinduism was first founded. Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism, Christianity and Islam all exist within the country today.India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when Hinduism was first founded. Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism, Christianity and Islam all exist within the country today.
THE TRINITY Generates- Brahma Observes-Vishnu Destroys-Shiva
The Great Indian Epics Ramayana Mahabharata Longest Epic in world literature with 100,000 two-line stanzas The first Indian epic
Indus Valley Civilization- one of the world’s first great urban civilizations. Harappa Civilization- 2700BC
World’s first university in Takshila –700 B.C Sanskrit Language –most suitable for computer software Ayurveda- earliest school of medicine known to humans
Yoga - Made in India Origin –5000 BC Documented by 200 BC – 300 AD
We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made. -Albert Einstein India is,the cradle of the human race,the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history,the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition.Our most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only. -Mark Twain