Presentation on theme: " Women forced out of their jobs Unemployment levels increase Inflation (rise in prices, drop in buying power) Spanish flu epidemic kills 50,000."— Presentation transcript:
Women forced out of their jobs Unemployment levels increase Inflation (rise in prices, drop in buying power) Spanish flu epidemic kills 50,000 Canadians Demand for women’s rights increases Urbanization (more moving to cities)
Strikes › After Russian revolution that began with labour unrest and general strikes (Cause) Unions were forming (pg. 156 Figure 6-9) Economic unrest Cycles of rising wages and prices Veterans (PTSD (shell shock), no services to support soldiers, disabilities)
May 1919 Employers refused to negotiate wages More and more employees in Winnipeg joined Within days strikers = 30,000 basically shutting down the city RCMP brought in Things get violent, 1 dead, 100 injured Strikers return to work on June 25 because feared would lose their jobs Some forced to sign agreements not to join a union
Many jailed Some deported Union membership drops Unemployment rises Law made for employers to recognize right of workers to bargain collectively through a union Began new political involvement for workers Sparked strike leaders to pursue political positions › J.S. Woodsworth elected to HOC and later helped create what we now know as NDP
Blamed for social problems › Crime › Public drunkenness, family violence, poverty Result = temperance movement encouraging people to abstain Thought was no alcohol = less family problems (historical perspective) Actually was enacted during War Measures Act in 1918 and continued after war
Not everyone wanted prohibition Illegal trade developed Criminals became rich selling illegal liquor 1921 govt repeals prohibition and replaced with govt controlled sales Prohibition in US continued longer allowing profitable business opportunity for Canadians “ rum-runners” sold illegal alcohol to Americans And women played a role as well……
1917 – Some women receive right to vote (Suffrage) › Had to have a relative (Father, Brother, Husband) who was a soldier 1921 – First election where ALL women could vote, Agnes Macphail elected 1929 – “Person’s Case” 1931 – Cairine Wilson appointed first female Senator in Canada
Politics is too corrupt for women Allowing women to vote will cause arguments in the home Women will vote the same way as their husbands It is not “womanly” to express political opinions It is not “womanly” to express political opinions Women are too emotional to vote
First woman elected to the House of Commons, 1921 Fought for Senior’s pensions and worker’s rights Also worked at reforming the corrections system in Canada Also worked at reforming the corrections system in Canada
Up until this point, women’s clothing had been very conservative. Some women (mostly young women) began to rebel against old ideas of how they should behave
Wore radical new dresses, which came down to just below their knees. cut their hair in “bobs” or “shingles”.
Many of these “flappers” were also challenging gender stereotypes by going to jazz clubs, smoking, and drinking alcohol.
At the beginning of the 20s, men had the right to divorce if their wives had an affair. Women, on the other hand, could not divorce their husband no matter how many affairs he had.
In 1925 this law was changed so that women could also ask for divorce in the case of adultery. In 1930, women would also gain the right to divorce if their husband had abandoned them for over 2 years.
Forget it! Birth Control was illegal, as was the selling, advertising or publication of any medicine, drug, or article intended to aid in preventing conception or causing an abortion. Women like Nellie McClung begin to draw attention to this issue, but it would go unresolved for a long time.
You cannot get married or keep company with men. You must be at home between 8 pm and 6 am unless at a school function You cannot loiter downtown in ice cream parlours You cannot smoke or drink any alcohol You cannot ride in any carriage or automobile with any man except your brothers or father You cannot dress in bright colours or wear dresses more than 2 inches above the ankle
The Persons Case: The Persons Case › The Famous Five were fighting for the right for women to sit in the Canadian Senate › While women now had the vote, they were still not legally deemed “persons” and therefore could not sit on the Senate › The Famous Five sent a petition to Ottawa asking if the word “persons” in the laws included female persons in 1927
The Supreme Court decided that, in fact, under Canadian law, women were not persons. The Five appealed this decision to the Privy Council in London, supported by William Lyon Mackenzie King The London Court agreed with the Five and ruled that women were included in the term “persons” 1929.
"The Canadian-American frontier point, where artful dodgers of both sexes sometimes take points (and pints) past the officials." We see a woman from the waist down. The customs official shows how women can hide bottles inside their dresses. He says "The women are about as bad offenders as the men." A man models a device which fits around his waist and can hold 6 quarts of alcohol. The customs official turns the device upside down and the booze pours out. http://www.britishpathe.com/video/the-dodgers-a-prohibition-sidelight-from- buffalo/query/CANADIAN+WOMEN