Presentation on theme: "Mr. E’s Tuesday, March. 10, 2009 Louisiana History Class."— Presentation transcript:
Mr. E’s Tuesday, March. 10, 2009 Louisiana History Class
March 10, 1864 ~ Union Gen. Nathaniel Banks begins in Red River Campaign. 74. Describe the Fall of New Orleans and the movement of Louisiana’s government during the Civil War. Today’s objective: Looking at the “River Campaigns” of the Civil War.
Past S.S. LEAP Questions Thomas Jefferson’s Louisiana Purchase had what four boundaries? 1. 2. 3. 4. 3/10/09
Fact # 1 North Union Yankee Blue Federalist United States USA Vocabulary South Confederate Rebel Gray Secessionist Confederate States CSA Interchangeable Vocabulary:
Fact # 1 The fall of New Orleans – The port of New Orleans was a key location for both the state and the Confederacy. The Union knew this and blockaded the river. In April1862 the Union under command of David Farragut ran the defenses at the mouth of the river and captured New Orleans.
Fact # 2 Benjamin Butler – In May 1862 Butler took command of New Orleans and quickly became known as “Beast Butler” for his stealing from the citizens of the city. He even became known as “Spoons Butler” for his thief of silverware. People even began putting his picture at the bottom of ‘Chamber pots’.
Order No. 28 – Many of the city's women, in particular, expressed contempt by insulting Union troops. “As officers and soldiers of the United States have been subject to repeated insults from the women (calling themselves ladies) of New Orleans… we are ordered that when any female shall by word, gesture, or show contempt for any soldier she shall be regarded and held liable to be treated as a woman of the town plying her avocation.” Fact #3
Baton Rouge falls – Farragut continued his attacks up the Mississippi river and captured BR. In December of 1862 the capital was burned while union troops tried to start a campfire inside the building. Fact #4 The army also engaged Rebel troops on Bayou Sara near St. Francisville.
Fact # 4 Fall of Vicksburg - After assaults against the Rebel fortifications at Vicksburg were repulsed with heavy casualties, Grant besieged the city until it surrendered, July 1863, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union. Fact #5 The Confederate surrender at Vicksburg, when combined with Gen. Lee’s defeat at Gettysburg the previous day, was the turning point of the war.
Fact # 3 Fact #6 Fall of Port Hudson – This was the last stronghold on the Mississippi, after Vicksburg, surrendered August 1863. Some 30,000 Union troops surrounded and starved some 6,000 rebels. In their hunger they were forced to eat horses, mules, and finally rats. Many of the rebels were boys – 12 and 13 years of age.
Fact #7 Red River Campaign – As the last Union campaign head into 1864 the Union army advanced up the Red River in pursuit of the Louisiana government – Baton Rouge to Alexandria to Shreveport. The Union army burned Alexandria including all land records.
Mansfield and Pleasant Hill – The outnumbered Confederates turned back Union troops at the Battle of Mansfield – over 1,500 Yankees. The South then had a ‘night attack’ on the Union troops at Pleasant Hill, April 1864 – and the Yankees ended their advance on Shreveport and Louisiana’s government. Fact #8
Upcoming Wed (11): Ch. 10, Civil War Thurs (12): Ch. 10, Civil War Fri (13): Ch. 11, Post CW Mon (16): Ch. 11, Post CW Tue (17): Ch. 11, Post CW Wed (18): Ch. 12, Populists Wed (19): Ch. 12, Populists Thurs (20): Ch. 12, Populists