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The Spanish- American War Objective: Analyze how the Spanish American war started(11.4.2)

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Presentation on theme: "The Spanish- American War Objective: Analyze how the Spanish American war started(11.4.2)"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Spanish- American War Objective: Analyze how the Spanish American war started(11.4.2)

2 APK Imperialism –Moral –Commercial –Military

3 Importance What event sparks the start of the Spanish-American War? 1. Americans sympathies toward Cuba want for independence. 2. The U.S.S. Maine exploding in Havana harbor. 3. American businesses wanted trading rights in Puerto Rico. 4. The Spanish invasion of Florida.

4 Spanish Possessions By late 1800s, Spain lost most of its colonies. Kept the Philippines, Guam, and Cuba and Puerto Rico Pair Share: How would Spain react to the lose of its colonies? What do you believe Spain’s reaction would be to a call for independence from its colonies?

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6 Cubans Rebel Against Spain United States 90 miles from Cuba Always been interested in Cuba How would the proximity of the US to Cuba effect interaction between the two countries?

7 Cubans Rebel Against Spain 1854 Pres Pierce tried to buy Cuba from Spain –We would rather see Cuba sunk into the ocean Cubans rebelled against Spain –Lost 1886: Spain is forced to abolish slavery. Gained American sympathy. –American business invested in Sugar Cane What would America gain from helping Cuba?

8 Cubans Rebel Against Spain Jose Marti (a poet and journalist) –launches a second war for independence. Uses –guerilla tactics –deliberately destroys property. Hopes the U.S. will help the rebels achieve Cuba Libre! –Free Cuba Explain how tactics used by Mari would effect the Spanish desire to fight.

9 Jose Marti

10 Why would some Americans feel sympathetic to the rebel cause?

11 War Fever Escalates Spain attempts to crush the rebellion –300,000 rebels into concentration camps. Valeriano Weyler Thousands died from hunger and disease. What do you believe Spain was trying to accomplish by sending Gen Weyler to Cuba?

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13 Yellow Journalism American newspapers attracted readers –print exaggerated accounts of Spanish actions William Randolph Hearst Joseph Pulitzer

14 Yellow Journalism Hearst to a photographer: “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war.” Explain the quote

15 Yellow Journalism U.S.S. Maine to rescue American citizens from the fighting in Cuba. February 15, 1898: the U.S.S. Maine explodes, killing 260 men. Newspapers blame the explosion on Spain.

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21 War Ends After 16 weeks, Spain surrenders. The Treaty of Paris gives Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the U.S. Filipinos are upset because they were promised freedom –WANTED INDEPENDENCE from US

22 Aftermath America annexes all of these territories America is now an empire, and a major world power.

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24 The Spanish Brute What symbols, images, words, etc. can you spot in the picture? What do they mean?

25 What does the word jingoism mean? Courtesy of the Red, White, & Blue (The Angry American) Toby Keith American girls and American guys will always stand up and salute; Will always recognize, When we see ol' glory flying, There's a lot of men dead, So we can sleep in peace at night when we lay down our head. My daddy served in the army, Where he lost his right eye. But he flew a flag out in our yard 'til the day that he died. He wanted my mother, my brother, my sister and me To grow up and live happy in the land of the free. Now this nation that I love has fallen under attack. A mighty sucker punch came flying in from somewhere in the back. Soon as we could see clearly through our big black eye, Man we lit up your world like the Fourth of July. Hey Uncle Sam put your name at the top of his list, And the Statue of Liberty started shaking her fist. And the eagle will fly, And there's gonna be Hell, When you hear Mother Freedom start ringing her bell! It's gonna feel like the whole wide world is raining down on you... Brought to you courtesy of the Red, White and Blue! Oh, Justice will be served and the battle will rage. This big dog will fight when you rattle his cage, You'll be sorry that you messed with the US of A 'Cuz we'll put a boot in your ass, It's the American way.

26 Importance What event sparks the start of the Spanish-American War? 1. Americans sympathies toward Cuba want for independence. 2. The U.S.S. Maine exploding in Havana harbor. 3. American businesses wanted trading rights in Puerto Rico. 4. The Spanish invasion of Florida.

27 Closure All of the following countries came under some form of U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War except –1. Hawaii. –2. Cuba. –3. Puerto Rico. –4. the Philippines.

28 Closure The Philippines fought the United States just after the Spanish-American War because the United States –1. refused to protect the Philippines in a war with Japan. –2. would not allow international trade in Philippine ports. –3. tried to force the Filipinos to accept a constitution they did not want. –4. had kept the Philippines as a colony, and it wanted independence.

29 Closure Newspaper owner William Randolph Hearst’s famous quote, “You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war” is an example of –1. black balling. –2. muckraking. –3. yellow journalism. –4. backstabbing.

30 Closure One result of the Spanish-American War of 1898 is that the United States was –1. recognized as a world power. –2. committed to isolationism. –3. drawn into World War II. –4. forced into an economic depression.


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