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Development Cooperation in Fragile Contexts

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Presentation on theme: "Development Cooperation in Fragile Contexts"— Presentation transcript:

1 Development Cooperation in Fragile Contexts
Presentation on the Occasion of the 5th Annual Meeting of the Practitioners‘ Network Isabelle Steimer Promotional Policy, EU & international Development Cooperation Jens Clausen Crisis Response & Governance Asia

2 Contents Financial Cooperation in Fragile States
Case Example 1: The Peace Fund in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Case Example 2: Pakistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan Regional Integration Programme (PATRIP)

3 Financial Cooperation in Fragile States – Escaping the Vicious Circle
State-Building; „Legitimate State“ Weak Government Risk of Crisis/ Violence Urgent Need of Recon- struction Rapid Successes have Psychological Impact: „Peace Dividend“ Investment in Economy and Infrastructure 3

4 Financial Cooperation in Fragile States
Areas of conflict in the design of projects in fragile states: Non-Governm. Actors Governmental Actors Partners Sectoral Objectives Stabilisation Objectives Objectives Non-Discrimination Positive Discrimination Target Group Quick Impact Structural Reconstr. Sustainability Predictability Flexibility Structure 4 4

5 The Peace Fund in the DR Congo
Case Example 1: The Peace Fund in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

6 DR Congo – Situation Then and Now
Disastrous civil war from 1997 to 2002 Peace agreement in 2002 and first free elections in 2006  improvement of security situation; high economic growth rate But still… …continuous regional fightings between army and rebel groups …DR Congo is one of the least developed countries in the world …economic situation is marked by high unemployment, high corruption rate and insufficient legal security Especially in the east part the trust of the population in the state is very low Lack of perspectives leads to incentives to join criminal activities

7 The Concept of the Peace Fund: Creating Perspectives, Supporting Peace-Building
Three main kinds of projects: Social infrastructure, economic infrastructure and agriculture Programme Objective: The different projects create income and employment Regional business circles are stimulated Overall Development Objective: People get a perspective and lose incentives to engage in criminal activities Reconstruction of the State-Society Relationship: People gain trust in their government  Peace Fund supports the consolidation of peace and the reduction of poverty

8 The Peace Fund in the DR Congo
Area 2 of the project Area 1 of the project Main areas of rebel activity

9 Facts The Peace Fund started in 2008
Total commitments by the BMZ (German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development): EUR 50m (EUR 20m in preparation) 45 projects in the regions of Kinshasa, Maniema and Nord-/South-Kivu Status quo of project development: 472 class rooms built 41 health centers rehabilitated 2.842 hectares of land re-cultivated 446 rural roads rehabilitated Rehabilitation of the essential transport axis between Obokote and Punia Over 1600 permanent posts created More than months of short term contracts

10 Project Regions Kinshasa North-Kivu Maniema South-Kivu

11 The Peace Fund: Special Situations need Special Requirements
Trade-off State <-> NGO: Involvement of Congolese government necessary to build up legitimate state But: state often has low capacities and/or little development-orientated policies Alternative: working with NGOs (local NGOs know the needs of the population) Solution: the administrative structure of the Peace Fund involves both actors (s. fig.) State is involved in the decision process;  population observes the state as a supporter of development Local NGOs have the possibility to suggest projects (allows Peace Fund to react flexibly with upcoming problems) Additionally, the civil society is represented in the Comité de Pilotage

12 Administrative Structure of the Peace Fund
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Provides equity and commitments for projects Mandate of Implementation Congolesian Ministry of Planning KfW Contracts GOPA (Management of Fund) Preselects (Dis-)approves decisions Suggests pre-selection of NGOs Make suggestions Comité de Pilotage (Composed of members of civil society, church, economy and state) (Dis-)approves pre-selection Selects Local and international NGO‘s carry out projects

13 Lessons Learned: Strengths and Challenges of the Peace Fund
ysd Challenges High flexibility Quick impact Large target group Employment generation Visibility due to large volume („Light House“) Strengthening civil society Accompanying measures (DNH, HIV/Aids, Visibility) Low capacities of NGO  Large project intervention area  Conflicting interests of state actors Reduced sustainability Security situation  high costs Intensive support needed

14 Thanks for your attention!
Outlook The fifth stage of the Peace Fund (EUR 20m) is planned to begin at the end of 2012 Perspectives: Higher integration of governmental administration into the planning process Further increase of sustainability of projects Higher cooperation between donor organisations Additional component: violence prevention in Kinshasa Thanks for your attention!

15 Contact Carla Berke KfW Development Bank
Division Chief Palmengartenstraße 5–9 Peace and Conflict Division Frankfurt am Main South and Central Africa Phone: 069 / Philipp Wyrsch KfW Development Bank Principal Projectmanager Palmengartenstraße 5–9 Peace and Conflict Division Frankfurt am Main South and Central Africa Phone: 069 / 15 15

16 Regional Integration of Border Areas
Pakistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan Regional Integration Programme PATRIP Foundation Jens Clausen Division Chief Crisis Response & Governance Asia

17 PATRIP Regional integration of border areas
Tajik Ethnic groups overlap the border areas between Pakistan – Afghanistan - Tajikistan Regional integration crossing the border lines is therefore necessary This contributes to stabilization of fragile and underdeveloped areas. Baluchi Pashtun

18 Pakistan – Afghanistan – Tajikistan Regional Integration Programme (PATRIP)
PATRIP is a governance programme in fragile border areas where well – rooted NGOs support (weak) local and provincial governments to find access to the local population which have little confidence in their government. Through the PATRIP Foundation international donors provide pooled funds for NGOs. Total funds so far provided by PATRIP total to about EUR 20 million.

19 PATRIP Objectives and Concept
PATRIP aims to improve legal cross-border traffic which will contribute to integration of these border areas and finally to stability Programm Area: close border districts in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan Measures: small to mid-scale social and economic infrastructure Selection: by the local communities, local administration and / or by non-governmental organisations Implementation: by international or national non-governmental organisations in consultation with local governments 19

20 PATRIP: Close border Projects Afghanistan -Tajikistan
Total Funds donated by the German Federal Foreign Office and by Luxembourg for this area: EUR 14 million Programme area: the border areas between Afghanistan and Tajikistan Main Implementing Partner here is the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) A f g h a n i s t a n Vanj Bridge and river stabilization along Panj river close border road 20

21 PATRIP – Projects between Tajikistan and Afghanistan Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN)
Bridges, roads, river stabilization, transmission lines from Tajikistan to Afghanistan along the border river 21

22 PATRIP: Border projects between Afghanistan and Tajikistan
Bridges and adjacent close border markets promote regional exchange River bank stabilization to preserve agricultural land Close border markets stimulate economic development in fragile areas Vanj Bridge along border River bank stabilization close to border Markets close to bridges and border lines

23 PATRIP – Projects in border areas of Afghanistan - Pakistan
Projects in FATA by NGO „CAMP“ esp. roads & bridges across the border Projects in Paktia (AFG) by NGO “ORD“ (e.g. schools for Pakistani and Afghan students in Afghan border area) Projects in Balochistan by NGO “BRSP“

24 Organizational Set - up
The PATRIP Foundation welcomes other donors to provide funds for these border area programme to be implemented by NGOs. 24

25 Contact Jens Clausen KfW Development Bank
Division Chief Palmengartenstraße 5–9 Crisis Response and Governance Frankfurt am Main Asia Phone 069 / Daniela Henrike Klau-Panhans KfW Development Bank Principal Projectmanager Palmengartenstraße 5–9 Crisis Response and Governance Frankfurt am Main Asia Phone 069 / 25 25

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