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Development Cooperation in Fragile Contexts Presentation on the Occasion of the 5th Annual Meeting of the Practitioners‘ Network Isabelle Steimer Promotional.

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Presentation on theme: "Development Cooperation in Fragile Contexts Presentation on the Occasion of the 5th Annual Meeting of the Practitioners‘ Network Isabelle Steimer Promotional."— Presentation transcript:

1 Development Cooperation in Fragile Contexts Presentation on the Occasion of the 5th Annual Meeting of the Practitioners‘ Network Isabelle Steimer Promotional Policy, EU & international Development Cooperation Jens Clausen Crisis Response & Governance Asia

2 Contents 1. Financial Cooperation in Fragile States 2. Case Example 1: The Peace Fund in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 3. Case Example 2: Pakistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan Regional Integration Programme (PATRIP)

3 3 Financial Cooperation in Fragile States – Escaping the Vicious Circle Weak Government Urgent Need of Recon- struction Risk of Crisis/ Violence State-Building; „Legitimate State“ Rapid Successes have Psychological Impact: „Peace Dividend“ Investment in Economy and Infrastructure

4 4 4 Financial Cooperation in Fragile States Areas of conflict in the design of projects in fragile states: Non-Governm. Actors Sectoral Objectives Non-Discrimination Predictability Governmental Actors Stabilisation Objectives Positive Discrimination Flexibility Partners Objectives Target Group Structure Quick ImpactStructural Reconstr. Sustainability

5 5 The Peace Fund in the DR Congo Case Example 1: The Peace Fund in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

6 6 DR Congo – Situation Then and Now ● Disastrous civil war from 1997 to 2002 ● Peace agreement in 2002 and first free elections in 2006  improvement of security situation; high economic growth rate ● But still… …continuous regional fightings between army and rebel groups …DR Congo is one of the least developed countries in the world …economic situation is marked by high unemployment, high corruption rate and insufficient legal security ● Especially in the east part the trust of the population in the state is very low ● Lack of perspectives leads to incentives to join criminal activities

7 7 The Concept of the Peace Fund: Creating Perspectives, Supporting Peace-Building ● Three main kinds of projects: ● Social infrastructure, economic infrastructure and agriculture ● Programme Objective: ● The different projects create income and employment ● Regional business circles are stimulated ● Overall Development Objective: ● People get a perspective and lose incentives to engage in criminal activities ● Reconstruction of the State-Society Relationship: People gain trust in their government  Peace Fund supports the consolidation of peace and the reduction of poverty

8 8 The Peace Fund in the DR Congo Area 2 of the project Area 1 of the project Main areas of rebel activity

9 9 Facts ● The Peace Fund started in 2008 ● Total commitments by the BMZ (German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development): EUR 50m (EUR 20m in preparation) ● 45 projects in the regions of Kinshasa, Maniema and Nord-/South-Kivu ● Status quo of project development: ● 472 class rooms built ● 41 health centers rehabilitated ● hectares of land re-cultivated ● 446 rural roads rehabilitated ● Rehabilitation of the essential transport axis between Obokote and Punia ● Over 1600 permanent posts created ● More than months of short term contracts

10 10 Project Regions KinshasaNorth-KivuManiemaSouth-Kivu

11 11 The Peace Fund: Special Situations need Special Requirements ● Trade-off State NGO: ● Involvement of Congolese government necessary to build up legitimate state  But: state often has low capacities and/or little development-orientated policies  Alternative: working with NGOs (local NGOs know the needs of the population) ● Solution: the administrative structure of the Peace Fund involves both actors (s. fig.) ● State is involved in the decision process;  population observes the state as a supporter of development ● Local NGOs have the possibility to suggest projects (allows Peace Fund to react flexibly with upcoming problems) ● Additionally, the civil society is represented in the Comité de Pilotage

12 12 Administrative Structure of the Peace Fund German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) GOPA (Management of Fund) KfW Congolesian Ministry of Planning Local and international NGO‘s carry out projects Comité de Pilotage (Composed of members of civil society, church, economy and state) Provides equity and commitments for projects Contracts Preselects Suggests pre-selection of NGOs (Dis-)approves pre-selection (Dis-)approves decisions Selects Mandate of Implementation Make suggestions

13 13 Lessons Learned: Strengths and Challenges of the Peace Fund ● High flexibility ● Quick impact ● Large target group ● Employment generation ● Visibility due to large volume („Light House“) ● Strengthening civil society ● Accompanying measures (DNH, HIV/Aids, Visibility) ● ysd StrengthsChallenges ● Low capacities of NGO  ● Large project intervention area  ● Conflicting interests of state actors ● Reduced sustainability ● Security situation  high costs Intensive support needed

14 14 Outlook ● The fifth stage of the Peace Fund (EUR 20m) is planned to begin at the end of 2012 ● Perspectives: ● Higher integration of governmental administration into the planning process ● Further increase of sustainability of projects ● Higher cooperation between donor organisations ● Additional component: violence prevention in Kinshasa Thanks for your attention!

15 15 Contact Philipp Wyrsch KfW Development Bank Principal ProjectmanagerPalmengartenstraße 5–9 Peace and Conflict Division Frankfurt am Main South and Central Africa Phone: 069 / Carla Berke KfW Development Bank Division Chief Palmengartenstraße 5–9 Peace and Conflict Division Frankfurt am Main South and Central Africa Phone: 069 /

16 Regional Integration of Border Areas Pakistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan Regional Integration Programme PATRIP Foundation Jens Clausen Division Chief Crisis Response & Governance Asia

17 17 PATRIP Regional integration of border areas ● Ethnic groups overlap the border areas between Pakistan – Afghanistan - Tajikistan ● Regional integration crossing the border lines is therefore necessary ● This contributes to stabilization of fragile and underdeveloped areas. Baluchi Pashtun Tajik

18 18 Pakistan – Afghanistan – Tajikistan Regional Integration Programme (PATRIP) ● PATRIP is a governance programme in fragile border areas where well – rooted NGOs support (weak) local and provincial governments to find access to the local population which have little confidence in their government. ● Through the PATRIP Foundation international donors provide pooled funds for NGOs. ● Total funds so far provided by PATRIP total to about EUR 20 million.

19 19 PATRIP Objectives and Concept 19 ● PATRIP aims to improve legal cross-border traffic which will contribute to integration of these border areas and finally to stability ● Programm Area: close border districts in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan ● Measures: small to mid-scale social and economic infrastructure ● Selection: by the local communities, local administration and / or by non-governmental organisations ● Implementation: by international or national non- governmental organisations in consultation with local governments

20 20 PATRIP: Close border Projects Afghanistan -Tajikistan 20 ● Total Funds donated by the German Federal Foreign Office and by Luxembourg for this area: EUR 14 million ● Programme area: the border areas between Afghanistan and Tajikistan ● Main Implementing Partner here is the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) A f g h a n i s t a n Vanj Bridge and river stabilization along Panj river - close border road

21 21 PATRIP – Projects between Tajikistan and Afghanistan Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) 21 AKDN: Bridges, roads, river stabilization, transmission lines from Tajikistan to Afghanistan along the border river

22 22 PATRIP: Border projects between Afghanistan and Tajikistan ● Bridges and adjacent close border markets promote regional exchange ● River bank stabilization to preserve agricultural land ● Close border markets stimulate economic development in fragile areas Vanj Bridge along border Markets close to bridges and border lines River bank stabilization close to border

23 23 PATRIP – Projects in border areas of Afghanistan - Pakistan Projects in Balochistan by NGO “BRSP“ Projects in FATA by NGO „CAMP“ esp. roads & bridges across the border Projects in Paktia (AFG) by NGO “ORD“ (e.g. schools for Pakistani and Afghan students in Afghan border area)

24 24 Organizational Set - up 24 The PATRIP Foundation welcomes other donors to provide funds for these border area programme to be implemented by NGOs.

25 25 Contact Daniela Henrike Klau-Panhans KfW Development Bank Principal ProjectmanagerPalmengartenstraße 5–9 Crisis Response and Governance60325 Frankfurt am Main Asia Phone 069 / Jens Clausen KfW Development Bank Division Chief Palmengartenstraße 5–9 Crisis Response and Governance Frankfurt am Main Asia Phone 069 /


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