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Thomas Hobbes Alex Herbert, Nico Nissink, Mark Zimmermann.

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1 Thomas Hobbes Alex Herbert, Nico Nissink, Mark Zimmermann

2 Hobbes’ Childhood Born near Malmesbury, England at 1588 Born near Malmesbury, England at 1588 Adopted by his wealthy uncle after his father died Adopted by his wealthy uncle after his father died At 14, he went to Magdalen College, Oxford At 14, he went to Magdalen College, Oxford

3 Hobbes Adulthood In 1608, was employed as a tutor to the son of William Cavendish (Earl of Devenshire) In 1608, was employed as a tutor to the son of William Cavendish (Earl of Devenshire) Was able to study classic literature Was able to study classic literature

4 Hobbes in Paris Wrote three books on Galileo’s idea of reverse vision of dynamics Wrote three books on Galileo’s idea of reverse vision of dynamics These claimed that things always moved unless something stopped them These claimed that things always moved unless something stopped them The books were: Of Body, Of Man, Of Citizen The books were: Of Body, Of Man, Of Citizen These ideas contradicted Parliament, he fled to Paris. These ideas contradicted Parliament, he fled to Paris. Tutored King Charles the 2 nd ’s son in mathematics Tutored King Charles the 2 nd ’s son in mathematics

5 Hobbes Writings The Elements of Law The Elements of Law Natural and Politic Natural and Politic Leviathan Leviathan De Corpore De Corpore The Questions Concerning Liberty The Questions Concerning Liberty His most famous book: Behemoth His most famous book: Behemoth

6 Philosophical Ideas If the people do not obey the king, they will still go to Heaven If the people do not obey the king, they will still go to Heaven Hobbes believed that God should not be concerned with human affairs Hobbes believed that God should not be concerned with human affairs God=dispensable role God=dispensable role

7 Leviathan Agree with the king Agree with the king People are naturally evil People are naturally evil Independently motivated towards self interests=destruction Independently motivated towards self interests=destruction Christianity forbid absolute power of King Christianity forbid absolute power of King

8 State of Nature A perpetual state of war A perpetual state of war People are evil People are evil No human goals are possible No human goals are possible Humans should try to gain peace in any way possible Humans should try to gain peace in any way possible The way to peace is to lay down their rights The way to peace is to lay down their rights

9 Beliefs in Government Strong government=no civil war Strong government=no civil war One person should have absolute power to keep the state together One person should have absolute power to keep the state together Sovereignty by institution Sovereignty by institution Sovereignty by acquisition Sovereignty by acquisition Fear=Sovereignty’s success Fear=Sovereignty’s success Protection of the subjects is key Protection of the subjects is key

10 Limits of Power Subjects can disobey King’s commands Subjects can disobey King’s commands Only active when: Only active when: Lives, Lives, Family, Family, Or honor is in danger Or honor is in danger King has total power, not divided King has total power, not divided

11 Hobbes’ Effect on the Revolution Subjects can rebel Subjects can rebel Government=protection Government=protection No protection=rebellion No protection=rebellion Colonists believed they had to rebel Colonists believed they had to rebel Rights not protected Rights not protected Heavy taxation Heavy taxation Harsh trade laws Harsh trade laws

12 Work’s Cited Lloyd, Sharon A. and Sreehar, Susanne. “Hobbes’s Moral and Political Philosophy.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008. Stanford University. 9 th October, 2009. Lloyd, Sharon A. and Sreehar, Susanne. “Hobbes’s Moral and Political Philosophy.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2008. Stanford University. 9 th October, 2009. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes- moral/http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes- moral/ "Thomas Hobbes." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 09 Oct. 2009. "Thomas Hobbes." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 09 Oct. 2009.http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/268448/T homas-Hobbeshttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/268448/T homas-Hobbes “Thomas Hobbes.” Newschool.net. 2008. 9 th October, 2009. “Thomas Hobbes.” Newschool.net. 2008. 9 th October, 2009.

13 Thomas Hobbes Thank you for listening


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