Presentation on theme: "Lesson 3: The Mauryan Empire pp"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson 3: The Mauryan Empire pp.157-160 The Green Bay Packers beat the New England Patriots yesterday. Wahoo!Ch. 6 Ancient IndiaLesson 3: The Mauryan Empirepp
2 Origin of an Empire How the empire began (originated) By the 500s BC, India was divided into many small kingdoms.Conflict over land and trade weakened the kingdoms left them open to invasion.Armies from Persia conquer the Indus Valley in the 500s BC and made it part of the Persian EmpireThen the Greeks, led by Alexander the Great, defeat Persia.Alexander entered India but turned back in 325 BC when because his troop were homesick and threatened to rebel.
3 India’s First Empire CHANDRA GUPTA MAURYA: Very strong emperor – ruler/king over an empireAfter Alexander left India, builds a strong army in India.He conquers northern India and unifies the region under his rule.Becomes the first ruler of the Mauryan dynasty.Sets up a good governmentStarts an efficient postal system – improves communication throughout his empire.
5 India’s First Empire CHANDRA GUPTA MAURYA: His powerful army crushed any resistance to his ruleUsed spies to report any disloyalty among his subjectsWas very cautious– afraid of being poisoned, so had servants taste his food before he ate it- afraid of being attacked, so never slept two nights in the same bed
6 Emperor Ashoka Mauryan Emperor Chandra Gupta’s grandson Helped the Mauryan Empire reach the height of gloryGoverned most of northern central India from about 273 – 232 BC
7 Emperor Ashoka Mauryan Emperor Began with fierce wars of conquest Eventually (soon) came to hate killingAfter one battle, he looked at the fields covered with dead and wounded soldiers.Became horrified by itDecided to follow Buddhism and became a man of peaceFor the rest of his life, he tried to improve the lives of his people
8 Emperor Ashoka causes the growth of his empire: Political AchievementsMade laws that encouraged people to do good deeds, practice nonviolence and respect othersCreated hospitals for people and for animalsBuild fine roads with rest houses and shade trees for travelers’ comfortThe good roads helped India become the center of a large trade network that stretched to the Mediterranean SeaMoral AchievementsPromoted BuddhismMade regular visits to rural villages in his empire to find out what they neededSent teachers to spread the religion throughout India and other parts of AsiaBuilt many stupas = Buddhist shrines shaped like a dome or burial mountBuilt the “Great Stupa” p. 159Was tolerant of all beliefs even if it wasn’t Buddhism – allowed Hindus to practice their religion
9 Stupa -- Buddhist shrines shaped like a dome or burial mound
11 End of the Mauryan Empire Ashoka died in 232 BC Empire declinesThe emperors after himweren’t as kindMade merchants pay heavy taxesTook land from peasantsIndians rebelLand was split into many kingdoms that fought amongst themselves
12 Research Questions Research Questions Why did the Mauryas Empire grow under Ashoka?Describe the political achievements of Emperor Ashoka. What do you think was most important? Why?Describe the moral achievements of the Emperor Ashoka. Which was most important? Why?What is an emperor? What are the names of Indian emperors? How are they different from each other?What is a stupa? How was it different from a ziggurat? a pyramid? a tabernacle?Test on Thursday over ALL notes on Ancient India – check the board for list.