Presentation on theme: "S.S. 3: Nov. 12-13th On your desk: Graphic Novel Packets open to America as a World Power Page—you will get a stamp if finished. We will turn in the WHOLE."— Presentation transcript:
1 S.S. 3: Nov. 12-13th On your desk: Graphic Novel Packets open to America as a World Power Page—you will get a stamp if finished. We will turn in the WHOLE novel today (IF you don’t turn it in by Monday, it will be a ZERO.)SPAM War Reading/OrganizerDon’t forget to finish your study guide BY next block! TEST is Thursday/Friday.
4 Spanish American War NOTES U.S. History with CubaU.S. has WAR feverAmerica enters the warLegacy of the SPAM WarCuba Versus Spain
5 So What?U.S. involvement in Latin America and Asia increased GREATLY as a result of the war and continues today.
6 THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR America had long held an interest in CubaAfter Spain abolished slavery in Cuba in 1886, Americans invested millions in Cuban sugarCuba is just 90 miles south of Florida
7 CUBA’S SECOND WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE Anti-Spain sentiment in Cuba soon erupted into a second war for independenceLed by poet Jose Marti, Cuba attempted a revolution in 1895Marti deliberately destroyed property, including American sugar plants, hoping to provoke American interventionMarti
8 WAR FEVER ESCALATES YELLOW JOURNALISM Newspaper publishers William Randolph Hearst (New York Journal) and Joseph Pulitzer (New York World) exaggerated Spanish atrocities and brutality in “Headline Wars”Political cartoon: Pulitzer (left) and Hearst escalating and instigating war between the U.S. and Spain
9 DE LOME LETTERThe New York Journal published a private letter written by Enrique de Lome, the Spanish minister to the U.S.A Cuban rebel had leaked the letter criticizing McKinley as “weak”The embarrassed minister resigned, BUT Americans were angry the Spanish had insulted their president.American sympathy for Cuba grew.Pres. McKinley tried to resolve the crisis.Ex. Minister De Lome
10 U.S.S MAINE EXPLODESEarly in 1898, President McKinley ordered the U.S.S. Maine to Cuba in order to bring home American citizens in dangerOn February 15, 1898 the ship blew up in the harbor of HavanaMore than 260 men were killedBeforeAfter
11 The Maine ExplodesUnknown artist , 1898Notice the men flying dramatically through the air
12 WAR ERUPTS WITH SPAINNewspapers blamed the Spanish for bombing the U.S.S. Maine (recent investigations have shown it was a fire inside the Maine)“Remember the Maine!” became a rallying cry for U.S. intervention in Cuba
13 ROUGH RIDERS Volunteer Calvary under Theodore Roosevelt Most famous battle:San Juan HillAlthough his units played a minor role in the battle, the newspapers declared Roosevelt a war hero
14 THE WAR IN THE PHILIPPINES U.S. forces surprised Spain by attacking the Spanish colony of the Philippines11,000 Americans joined forces with Filipino rebel leader Emilo AguinaldoBy August, 1898 Spain had surrendered to the U.S. in ManilaUS supports rebels…Vietnam…
15 THE WAR IN THE CARIBBEAN A naval blockade of Cuba was followed by a land invasion highlighted by Roosevelt’s Rough Rider victory at San Juan HillNext, the American Navy destroyed the Spanish fleet and paved the way for an invasion of Puerto Rico (Spanish colony)
16 END OF THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR Treaty of Paris was signed as a cease-fire agreementWar lasted only 15 weeksSecretary of State John Hay called it “a splendid little war”
17 WHAT HAPPENS WITH CUBA? Spain relinquishes sovereignty over Cuba. Platt Amendment (1901)-Cuba becomes a protectorate of the U.S.—(we can intervene with military or policy if a third party threatens)ensured U.S. involvement in Cuban affairs and gave legal standing (in U.S. law) to U.S. claims to certain territories on the island including Guantanamo Bay
19 U.S. WINS; SIGNS TREATY OF PARIS The U.S. and Spain signed an armistice on August 12, 1898, ending what Secretary of State John Hay called “a splendid little war”The war lasted only 16 weeksCuba was now independentU.S. receives Guam, Puerto Rico, and “bought” the Philippines for $20 millionTreaty of Paris, 1898
20 SECTION 3: ACQUIRING NEW LANDS The U.S had to decide how to rule the new landsPuerto Rico wanted their independence– but the U.S. had other plansThe U.S. set up a civil government, full citizenship, and a bicameral system had become a protectorate” of the U.S.
21 U.S. troops fire on rebels FILIPINOS REBELFilipinos reacted with rage to the American annexationRebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo (guerilla warfare) vowed to fight for freedom and in 1899 he led a rebellionThe 3-year war claimed 200,000 Filipino rebels, 4,000 American lives and $400,000,000 (20x the price the U.S. paid for the land)US Set up gov’t like Puerto RicoPhilippines would be independent on July 4, 1946.U.S. troops fire on rebels
22 American/Philippines War First true colonial war as a world power$$ Costly
24 Social Studies 3: Monday ON YOUR DESK: Graphic Novel Packet (with the Puerto Rico/Philippines page complete)Today, we will discuss why we wanted to imperialize China.Your Imperialism TEST will be Thursday/Friday. Your study guide is HOMEWORK…due that day.
25 FOREIGN INFLUENCE IN CHINA China was a vast potential market for American productsWeakened by war and foreign intervention, many European countries had colonized in ChinaIn 1889, John Hay, U.S. Secretary of State, issued the Open Door Policy which outlined his plan for free trade among nations in ChinaForeign nations were opening the door to China’s trade
26 BOXER REBELLION European nations dominated China’s cities Resentment arose in the form of secret societies determined to rid China of these “foreign devils”The Boxer’s were a secret group that rioted in 1900, killing and vandalizing all things foreignForeign Troops were called in to put down this “Boxer Rebellion”
27 AMERICANS PROTECT RIGHTS IN ASIA After the Boxer Rebellion, John Hay again issued a series of Open Door PoliciesThese policies reflected American beliefs:importance of exportsthe right of America to intervene to keep foreign markets openbelief that America’s survival depended on access to foreign marketsThis marks a shift from the U.S. being self-sufficient to relying on other countries.
28 Diplomacy:the management of communication and relationships between nations by members and employees of each nation's government
29 America as a World Power Label your CUES with the following main ideas:Climb to #1 StatusThe Panama CanalRoosevelt Corollary/Big Stick DiplomacyTaft’s Dollar DiplomacyWilson’s Missionary DiplomacyAnti-Imperialism
30 SECTION 4: AMERICA AS A WORLD POWER Two events signaled America’s continued climb toward being the #1 world power1) Roosevelt negotiated a settlement between Russia and Japan who had been at War – his successful efforts in negotiating the Treaty of Portsmouth won Roosevelt the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize2) Construction of Panama CanalSuper powerstatus
31 THE PANAMA CANALBy the early 20th century, many Americans understood the advantages of a canal through PanamaIt would greatly reduce travel times for commercial and military ships by providing a short cut between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans“The shortcut”
32 BUILDING THE PANAMA CANAL 1904-1914 The French had already unsuccessfully attempted to build a canal through PanamaAmerica first had to help Panama win their independence from Colombia – which it didConstruction of the Canal stands as one of the greatest engineering feats of all-timeCost- $380 million Workers– Over 40,000 (5,600 died) Time – Construction took 10 years
33 This view, provided by NASA, shows the thin blue line (canal) cutting across the middle of Panama
34 Allowed the US to make huge economic gains!! Almost 1,000,000 ships have passed through the canal, which became sole property of Panama in the year 2000
35 Roosevelt’s “Big Stick” Policy Latin American Countries owed vast amounts of money to European NationsRoosevelt feared European powers might interveneMonroe Doctrine stated Europe must stay out of Latin AmericaRoosevelt Corollary (ADDITION) stated force would be usedWATCH Episode 2: Panama Canal and Roosevelt Corollary---start at 33 mins through 41:17 Stop
36 Dollar DiplomacyWilliam Taft, Roosevelt’s successor continued to keep European Nations out of Latin America.– Taft arranged for American Banks to loan money to NicaraguaThis policy of using money to keep European Powers out of the Caribbean was called Dollar Diplomacy
37 Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy Woodrow Wilson takes the Monroe Doctrine further, saying US may act on moral groundsA violent revolution in Mexico leaves a brutal regime under General HuertaWilson sends troops to invade but withdraws after Huerta leaves
38 Rebellion in MexicoRebel leaders Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata oppose new leader CarranzaAfter Villa’s forces kill several Americans, President Wilson orders John Pershing to capture Villa
39 Peace and Resolution in Mexico War seemed eminent between United States and MexicoPresident Wilson recalled troops in 1917Mexico adopts constitution that nationalizes resourcesAlvaro Obregon replaces Carranza and begins peace and reform
40 Anti-ImperialistsOpposed expansion because they believed imperialism violated the credo of republicanism— “consent of governed”Did NOT oppose expansion on commercial, constitutional, religious, or humanitarian groundsWorried it meant the abandonment of American ideals of self-government and non-interventionismLenin called imperialism a "stage" - the last in the life-cycle of capitalismMembers such as Mark Twain, Samuel Gompers, and Andrew Carnegie WHY??
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