Presentation on theme: "Affordable Broadband Connectivity: Different Approaches for Different R&E Needs EDUCAUSE Presentation 11/05/2003 11:40AM to 12:30AM Room 204C Presenters:"— Presentation transcript:
Affordable Broadband Connectivity: Different Approaches for Different R&E Needs EDUCAUSE Presentation 11/05/2003 11:40AM to 12:30AM Room 204C Presenters: Gary Augustson, Erv Blythe, Steve Corbato, Tim Lance, Garret Sern www.educause.edu/netatedu/groups/pricing/ Copyright Erv Blythe 2003. This work is the intellectual property of the author. Permission is granted for this material to be shared for non-commercial, educational purposes, provided that this copyright statement appears on the reproduced materials and notice is given that the copying is by permission of the author. To disseminate otherwise or to republish requires written permission from the author.
The Virginia Tech eCorridors’s Program Problem Description: Anyone, any community, any region that does not have the capacity at reasonable cost to be a producer, a provider, of large-scale, high volume information and services to the networked world has a severe disadvantage in our global, networked economy.
The Virginia Tech eCorridors’s Program Vision: It is not sufficient to chase what other regions, dominant in this 21st century economy, have today. Regions must demand a plan that looks ahead, that with calculated risk, gives our regions and communities an advantage in our networked world.
Andy Grove, CEO of Intel: “The ability of end users to pull technology through the telecommunications industry structure is virtually non-existent.” “This industry has proven itself incapable or unwilling to adopt to the needs of mass deployment of broadband technologies.”
What is “true” Broadband? TECHNET (a technology industry advocacy group): Advocates 100 Mbps broadband to 100 million United States households by 2008 CENIC (consortium of major research and education entities in California): Developing feasibility plan for deployment of 1 Gbps (1000 Mbps) broadband to all Californians by 2010 Garner Dataquest: Defines broadband as 10 Mbps
Strategic Technology Infrastructure for Regional Competitiveness in the Network Economy Virginia Tech’s eCorridors Program A series of in-depth studies providing a roadmap for revitalization through investment in advanced network infrastructure. Volume 1Rationale, Environment and Strategic Considerations. Volume 2 Connecting the Regional Infrastructure to National and International Networks Volume 3 A Fiber Optic Infrastructure Design for Southside and Southwest Virginia Volume 4Fiber Optic Infrastructure Design Guide Volume 5Financial Feasibility and Investment Rationale Volume 6Leveraging Advanced Optical and Ethernet Technologies Volume 7Speculative and Alternative Technologies Volumes 8-11Community, Demographics, Applications and Anchor Tenants http://www.ecorridors.vt.edu A University Putting Knowledge to Work
Network Progression Model Electrical Optical Electrical to Optical Conversion Circuit switches Packet switches IP Routers ATM Cost: >$50 per mile per Mbps SONET Packet over SONET Today: Point-to-point lambda’s, Packet switching Cost: <10 cents per mile per Mbps Future: Lambda switching Optical packet switching Imbedded Telecom Emerging User Controlled Optical Network
The Geodesic Network Mesh 1. Low Cost Fiber Mesh MINIMUM cost fiber spans between communities. Reliability through diversity. Multiple fibers, small portion allocated to open access network, some available for lease, economic development use. MSAPs and Fiber Mesh owned and operated by “provider neutral” entity. Non-profit or new for-profit model. 2. Gigabit Open Access Network Utilize some fiber to fund gigabit next generation internet overlay. NGI technology and protocols (IPv6, multicast, QoS) Low cost optical Ethernet. MSAP 3. MSAPs distributed in communities and at large sites for service delivery and local switching, exchange, co-location. Fund highly leveraged last/first mile technology demonstrations.
Development Strategy Do not bypass any community Must prioritize initial deployment by ROI Make bulk of investment in “future proof” (20 to 30 year life cycle) infrastructure Make bulk of investment in financially self-sustaining elements of the infrastructure Build from the top down: Connection to Strategic National Interconnect Points Inter-County/City fiber optic infrastructure Intra-County/City fiber optic infrastructure Obtain grant funds and local investment for “WAN” and last-mile demonstrations
Critical Success Factors A Regional Vision The Right Implementing Entity The Right People Critical Mass of Anchor Tenants Long-term commitment of 100% of the Regions’ Counties and Cities Leverage Community Investments Keep project private sector based
Critical Success Factors Understand the implications of the phrases: “not sufficient to chase other regions” “plan that looks ahead” “with calculated risk” “that gives competitive advantage” “resulting in - advantageous cost to be a producer” If you are not committed to these ideas, DO NOT FOLLOW THIS COURSE
If we don’t have a diverse fiber path serving our facility within two years we’ll seriously have to consider leaving. - Eastman, largest employer in SW Va region All else aside, we will not locate a new data center there because you don’t have the right mix of fiber and providers. - AOL to the City of Danville “Unfortunately, … rural communities are still isolated from high-speed access … making it difficult for these communities to compete for businesses that require high bandwidth services.” - from Verizon report March 2002 The Premise “Any person, organization, community, or region that does not have the capacity at reasonable cost to be a producer of high volume information and services to the networked world has a severe disadvantage in the global, networked economy.” The Problem Accessible fiber and network infrastructure is now as critical as water, sewer, and roads for community health yet is not available within most communities. The downturn in the communications sector does not reduce this requirement but does significantly increase the challenge to these communities. The Approach Channel investment and promote new business models to facilitate wide scale deployment of accessible, advanced technologies that can radically alter the economics of regional and community communications capability. Work with stakeholders, public and private, to overcome obstacles, aggregate demand, stimulate investment, and develop incentives for private sector engagement. RESEARCHPROTOTYPE COMMERCIALCOMMODITY Virginia Tech A University Putting Knowledge to WORK
Erv Blythe Virginia Tech Vice President, Information Technology firstname.lastname@example.org Brenda Neidigh Director, eCorridors Program, Virginia Tech email@example.com www.ecorridors.vt.edu