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Using partial budgets…… To answer all sorts of questions you or others may have… Craig Chase, Field Specialist Farm & Ag Business Management.

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Presentation on theme: "Using partial budgets…… To answer all sorts of questions you or others may have… Craig Chase, Field Specialist Farm & Ag Business Management."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using partial budgets…… To answer all sorts of questions you or others may have… Craig Chase, Field Specialist Farm & Ag Business Management

2 Partial Budget A partial budget allows you to analyze a portion of your farm to determine if minor adjustments should be made. For example, should you: –Add an enterprise –Change your product mix or production practices –Custom hire or purchase machinery –Change marketing outlets –Purchase transplants or grow from seed…

3 Partial Budget Partial budgets allows you to compare two alternatives side-by-side. The analysis tells you one of the alternatives is comparatively better than the other.

4 Partial Budget Components There are seven components to a partial budget: increased revenue, reduced cost, reduced revenue, increased cost, total positive effects, total negative effects, and net change.

5 Partial Budget Example Change Product Mix from Green Beans to Salad Greens Positive EffectsNegative Effects Increases in revenue (1)Decreases in revenue (3) Sales of salad greens $150.00Sales of green beans 360.00 Decreases in cost (2)Increases in cost (4) 18.25 hrs labor @ $10/hr $182.502.8 hrs of labor @ $10/hr 28.00 Input & packaging costs 26.66Input and packaging costs 8.53 Total decrease in costs 209.16Total increase in costs 36.53 Total positive effects (5) $359.16Total negative effects (6) $396.53 Net change (7) - $37.37

6 Partial Budget Exercise #1 Change Marketing Outlet from Farmers’ Market to Institutional Market Positive EffectsNegative Effects Increases in revenue (1)Decreases in revenue (3) Institutional market sales $3,600Farmers’ market sales $4,500 Decreases in cost (2)Increases in cost (4) Farmers’ market labor costs $1,200Institutional market labor costs $800 Farmers’ mkt. supply, trans. costs 400Inst’l mkt. supply, trans. cost 200 Total decrease in costs $1,600Total increase in costs $1,000 Total positive effects (5) $5,200Total negative effects (6) $5,500 Net change (7) -$300

7 Partial Budget Exercise #2 Analyze the purchase of a new 1-row potato harvester ($2,000, 7-yr life) Positive EffectsNegative Effects Increases in revenue (1)Decreases in revenue (3) Decreases in cost (2)Increases in cost (4) Labor (100 hrs) $1,000Labor (2 hrs) $ 20 Depreciation cost 286 Taxes, housing, insurance (1%) 20 Repairs and maintenance (2%) 40 Total decrease in costs $1,000Total increase in costs $366 Total positive effects (5) $1,000Total negative effects (6) $366 Net change (7) $634 (per acre)

8 Partial Budget Exercise #3 Analyze the change in cattle production practices Positive EffectsNegative Effects Increases in revenue (1) $1,150Decreases in revenue (3) $1,080 Decreases in cost (2)Increases in cost (4) Conventional feed $400Natural feed $500 Conventional housing 80 Natural housing 85 Total decrease in costs $480Total increase in costs $585 Total positive effects (5) $1,630Total negative effects (6) $1,665 Net change (7) -$35

9 Limitations As always, the decisions you make are only as good as the numbers you used to make them. Some numbers are better than none; more is better… Partial budgets compare two alternatives, neither which may be the best alternative available to you. Partial budgets (all types of budgets) look at only $, other factors come into play as well in your decisions (health, environment, etc.)

10 Questions….. Any questions or comments? Thank You for This Opportunity! Craig A. Chase Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture Marketing and Food System Initiative Program Leader Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Local Food and Farm Program Coordinator Local Food Systems and Alternative Enterprise Analysis 209B Curtiss Hall Ames, IA 50014 (515) 294-1854 cchase@iastate.edu


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