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NuMI Radiation and Environmental Protection NBI2006 - 6th International workshop on Neutrino Beams and Instrumentation September 5-9, 2006 Mike Martens.

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Presentation on theme: "NuMI Radiation and Environmental Protection NBI2006 - 6th International workshop on Neutrino Beams and Instrumentation September 5-9, 2006 Mike Martens."— Presentation transcript:

1 NuMI Radiation and Environmental Protection NBI th International workshop on Neutrino Beams and Instrumentation September 5-9, 2006 Mike Martens Fermilab

2 Page 2 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Environmental Concerns Groundwater Protection –NuMI tunnel is in an Aquifer Surface Water –Sump water is pumped from NuMI tunnel to the surface Air Emissions –Air from Target Chase and Absorber region are vented to the surface –This is done after a long passage through the decay pipe to reduce the radioactivity levels of short lived radionuclides Component Activation –Personnel Protection, Hot Handling, etc. All of this is important and has our attention Was expected during the design phase of NuMI Being re-evaluated for the SNuMI upgrades Much of this is “Standard Stuff” for beamlines I will say a few words on Tritium Production since this became an important topic as we started NuMI operations

3 Page 3 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Chronology Savannah Subdivision NuMI Indian Creek Last November detectable levels of tritium were measured in the Indian Creek discharge from the Fermilab. –First observation ever of tritium in any water flowing off our site –Indian Creek flows through the Savannah subdivision –Measured 3.3 pCi/ml (site boundary)  DOE regulatory limit for surface water is 2000 pCi/ml  (20 pCi/ml for drinking water) Task Force established and mitigation implemented Currently measurements are all below the detection limit of < 1 pCi/ml

4 Page 4 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Indian Creek Measurements The immediate source of tritium in Indian Creek in November was identified as water leaking into the creek from a damaged pipe connecting Main Injector ponds C and D. The pipe was pumped out and blocked off: Currently under repair

5 Page 5 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f NuMI as Source of Tritium Water flowing into the NuMI enclosure is collected in the MINOS cavern and pumped to the surface –~175 gallons per minute –Design protects the aquifer by bringing tritiated water to the surface Sump discharge and holding tank

6 Page 6 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Concrete Walls Concrete Shielding Blocks Chiller Target Chase Cooling Cool air flows upstream on outside of pile, then downstream in the chase Target Pile In practice some air exchanged between target chase and target hall

7 Page 7 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f EAV-2EAV-3SR-3 Absorber Hall Decay Passage Target Hall Target Chase Chiller Condensate Drain To Sump Chiller Condensate

8 Page 8 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Chiller Condensate Collection Chiller Condensate Tank

9 Page 9 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Condensate Collection

10 Page 10 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f EAV-2EAV-3SR-3 Absorber Hall Decay Passage Target Hall Target Chase Dehumidification Desiccant Unit Drain To Sump Dry Air Humid Air

11 Page 11 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Desiccant Units

12 Page 12 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Dehumidification Results

13 Page 13 NBI 2006 Mike Martens f Summary of Mitigation As of November 2005 the major contributor to tritium within our surface waters is water being pumped out of the NuMI enclosure. –175 ~30 pCi/ml in November –Result: Essentially all Fermilab surface waters are in 1-5 pCi/ml range In December 2005 we identified a major contributor within the enclosure: condensate from an air conditioning unit in the target area. –Represents ~60% of the November concentration. –Condensate is being collected and disposed (1-2 gph). –Result: Holding tank levels between pCi/ml. In March 2006 installed de-humidifers in the target hall –Prevents tritiated humidity from passing through the decay hall and mixing with the tunnel water –Result: Holding tank levels are between 5-6 pCi/ml


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