Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 1 Aggregate Planning Operations.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 1 Aggregate Planning Operations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 1 Aggregate Planning Operations Management For Competitive Advantage C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition Chapter 12

2 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 2 Chapter 12 Aggregate Planning  Operations Planning Overview  The hierarchical planning process  Aggregate production planning  Examples: Chase and Level strategies

3 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 3 Operations Planning Overview  Long-range planning – Greater than one year planning horizon – Usually with yearly increments  Intermediate-range planning – Six to eighteen months – Usually with monthly or quarterly increments  Short-range planning – One day to less than six months – Usually with weekly increments

4 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 4 Master Production Scheduling Material Requirements Planning Order Scheduling Weekly Workforce & Customer Scheduling Daily Workforce & Customer Scheduling Strategic Planning Sales Planning Aggregate Planning Long- range Intermediate- range Short- range Manufacturing Services Exhibit 12.1

5 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 5 Hierarchical Production Planning Annual demand by item and by region Monthly demand for 15 months by product type Monthly demand for 5 months by item Forecasts needed Allocates production among plants Determines seasonal plan by product type Determines monthly item production schedules Decision ProcessDecision Level Corporate Plant manager Shop superintendent Exhibit 12.2

6 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 6 Aggregate Planning  Goal: Specify the optimal combination of – production rate (units completed per unit of time) – workforce level (number of workers) – inventory on hand (inventory carried from previous period)  Product group or broad category (Aggregation)  Intermediate-range planning period: 6-18 months

7 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 7 Balancing Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Production Capacity JanFebMarAprMayJun JanFebMarAprMayJun Suppose the figure to the right represents forecast demand in units. Now suppose this lower figure represents the aggregate capacity of the company to meet demand. What we want to do is balance out the production rate, workforce levels, and inventory to make these figures match up.

8 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 8 Key Strategies for Meeting Demand  Chase  Level  Some combination of the two

9 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 9 STRATEGIES ACTIVE WRT DEMAND  USE MARKETING TO SMOOTH DEMAND  EXAMPLES  PRICE  PRODUCT  PLACE  PROMOTION

10 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 10 Proactive Demand Management to Equate Supply and Demand SEASONAL DEMAND - SNOW SKIIS CONTRA- SEASONAL DEMAND - _______________

11 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 11 Proactive Demand Management to Equate Supply and Demand CYCLICAL DEMAND - NEW CARS CONTRA-CYCLICAL DEMAND - __________________

12 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 12 Aggregate Planning Examples: Unit Demand and Cost Data Materials$5/unit Holding costs$1/unit per mo. Marginal cost of stockout$1.25/unit per mo. Hiring and training cost$200/worker Layoff costs$250/worker Labor hours required.15 hrs/unit Straight time labor cost$8/hour Beginning inventory250 units Productive hours/worker/day7.25 Paid straight hrs/day8 Suppose we have the following unit demand and cost information: Demand/moJanFebMarAprMayJun

13 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 13 Cut-and-Try Example: Determining Straight Labor Costs and Output Productive hours/worker/day7.25 Paid straight hrs/day8 Demand/moJanFebMarAprMayJun Given the demand and cost information below, what are the aggregate hours/worker/month, units/worker, and dollars/worker? 7.25x x0.15=48.33 & 84.33x22= x8hrsx$8=$1408

14 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 14 Chase Strategy (Hiring & Firing to meet demand) Lets assume our current workforce is 7 workers. First, calculate net requirements for production, or =4250 units Then, calculate number of workers needed to produce the net requirements, or 4250/ =3.997 or 4 workers Finally, determine the number of workers to hire/fire. In this case we only need 4 workers, we have 7, so 3 can be fired.

15 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 15 Below are the complete calculations for the remaining months in the six month planning horizon.

16 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 16 Below are the complete calculations for the remaining months in the six month planning horizon with the other costs included.

17 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 17 Level Workforce Strategy (Surplus and Shortage Allowed) Lets take the same problem as before but this time use the Level Workforce strategy. This time we will seek to use a workforce level of 6 workers.

18 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 18 Note, if we recalculate this sheet with 7 workers we would have a surplus. Below are the complete calculations for the remaining months in the six month planning horizon.

19 Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 19 Below are the complete calculations for the remaining months in the six month planning horizon with the other costs included. Labor Material Storage Stockout Note, the total costs under this strategy are less than under Chase.


Download ppt "Operations Management For Competitive Advantage © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2001 C HASE A QUILANO J ACOBS ninth edition 1 Aggregate Planning Operations."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google