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ROOT TOOLKIT (I) Técnicas Fundamentales de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de Datos en Física Experimental de Partículas Isidro González Caballero.

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Presentation on theme: "ROOT TOOLKIT (I) Técnicas Fundamentales de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de Datos en Física Experimental de Partículas Isidro González Caballero."— Presentation transcript:

1 ROOT TOOLKIT (I) Técnicas Fundamentales de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de Datos en Física Experimental de Partículas Isidro González Caballero ( Universidad de Oviedo) Valencia, 07-11/05/

2 ROOT (http://root.cern.ch)http://root.cern.ch 2 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas

3 ROOT in a Nutshell 3  The ROOT system is an Object Oriented framework for large scale data handling applications. It is written in C++.  Provides, among others,  an efficient data storage and access system designed to support structured data sets (PetaBytes)  a query system to extract data from these data sets  a C++ interpreter  advanced statistical analysis algorithms (multi dimensional histogramming, fitting, minimization and cluster finding)  scientific visualization tools with 2D and 3D graphics  an advanced Graphical User Interface  The user interacts with ROOT via a graphical user interface, the command line or scripts  The command and scripting language is C++, thanks to the embedded CINT C++ interpreter, and large scripts can be compiled and dynamically loaded.  A Python shell is also provided. Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas

4 The ROOT Libraries Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 4  Over 1500 classes  1,550,000 lines of code  CORE (8 Mbytes)  CINT (2 Mbytes)  Green libraries linked on demand via plug- in manager (only a subset shown)  100 shared libs

5 ROOT: An Open Source Project Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 5  The project was started in  The project is developed as a collaboration between:  Full time developers: 11 people full time at CERN (PH/SFT) +4 developers at Fermilab/USA, Protvino, JINR/Dubna (Russia)  Large number of part-time contributors (155 in CREDITS file)  A long list of users giving feedback, comments, bug fixes and many small contributions 2400 registered to RootForum 10,000 posts per year  An Open Source Project, source available under the LGPL license

6 ROOT: a Framework and a Library Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 6  User classes  User can define new classes interactively  Either using calling API or sub-classing API  These classes can inherit from ROOT classes  Dynamic linking  Interpreted code can call compiled code  Compiled code can call interpreted code  Macros can be dynamically compiled & linked This is the normal operation mode Interesting feature for GUIs & event displays Script Compiler root >.x file.C++

7 ROOT Application Domains 7 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas Data Storage: Local, Network Data Analysis & Visualization General Framework

8 Three User Interfaces  GUI windows, buttons, menus  Command line CINT (C++ interpreter)  Macros, applications, libraries (C++ compiler and interpreter) Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 8

9 CINT Interpreter

10 CINT in ROOT Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 10  CINT is used in ROOT:  As command line interpreter  As script interpreter  To generate class dictionaries  To generate function/method calling stubs  Signals/Slots with the GUI  The command line, script and programming language become the same  Large scripts can be compiled for optimal performance

11 Compiled versus Interpreted Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 11  Why compile?  Faster execution, CINT has limitations…  Why interpret?  Faster Edit → Run → Check result → Edit cycles ("rapid prototyping"). Scripting is sometimes just easier.  Are Makefiles dead?  No! if you build/compile a very large application  Yes! ACLiC is even platform independent!

12 Starting ROOT Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas Open a terminal 2. Set the ROOT environment 3. Launch ROOT through the root command.  Command parameters:  -l : Do not show splash screen  -b : Run in batch mode without graphics  -q : Exit after processing command line macro files  -n : Do not execute logon and logoff macros as specified in.rootrc $ source /opt/root/bin/thisroot.sh $ root ******************************************* * * * W E L C O M E to R O O T * * * * Version 5.32/00 2 December 2011 * * * * You are welcome to visit our Web site * * * * * ******************************************* ROOT 5.32/00 Dec , 12:42:25 on linuxx8664gcc) CINT/ROOT C/C++ Interpreter version , July 2, 2010 Type ? for help. Commands must be C++ statements. Enclose multiple statements between { }. root [0]

13 Running Code Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 13 To run function mycode() in file mycode.C: root [0].x mycode.C Equivalent: load file and run function: root [1].L mycode.C root [2] mycode() All of CINT's commands (help): root [3].h

14 Running Code Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 14 Macro: file that is interpreted by CINT (.x ) Execute with.x mymacro1.C(42) Also unnamed macros in next slide int mymacro1(int value) { int ret = 42; ret += value; return ret; }

15 Unnamed Macros Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 15 No functions, just statements Execute with.x mymacro2.C No functions thus no arguments! Named macro recommended! Compiler prefers it, too… { float ret = 0.42; return sin(ret); } No need to include math header or library

16 Running Code – Libraries Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas 16  “library” here refers to both compiled code and actual shared libraries  CINT can call its functions, classes, …!  To build a library from a macro we use ACLiC! (Automatic Compiler of Libraries for CINT)  Option 1: Compile only if “needed” by checking modification dates.x mymacro.C+(42) Use "+" instead of writing a Makefile…  Option 2: Compile in any case.x mymacro.C++(42)  CINT will know all functions in mymacro_C.so

17 My first session 17 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas root [0] (const double) e+002 root [1] float x=89.7; root [2] float y=567.8; root [3] x+sqrt(y) (double) e+002 root [4] float z = x+2*sqrt(y/6); root [5] z (float) e+002 root [6].q root root [0] /*try up and down arrows*/ See file $HOME/.root_hist

18 My second session 18 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas root [0].x session2.C for N=100000, sum= root [1] sum (double) e+004 Root [2] r.Rndm() (Double_t) e-001 root [3].q root { int N = ; TRandom r; double sum = 0; for (int i=0; i < N; i++) { sum += sin(r.Rndm()); } cout << "for N=" << N << ", sum=“ << sum << endl; } session2.C Unnamed macro  executes in global scope

19 My third session 19 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas root [0].x session3.C for N=100000, sum= root [1] sum Error: Symbol sum is not defined in current scope *** Interpreter error recovered *** Root [2].x session3.C(1000) for N=1000, sum= root [3].q ROOT void session3 (int N=100000) { TRandom r; double sum = 0; for (int i=0; I < N; i++) { sum += sin(r.Rndm()); } cout << "for N=" << N << ", sum=“ << sum << endl; } session3.C Named macro:  Normal C++ scope rules

20 My third session with ACLIC 20 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas root [0] gROOT->Time(); root [1].x session4.C( ) for N= , sum= e+006 Real time 0:00:06, CP time root [2].x session4.C+( ) for N= , sum= e+006 Real time 0:00:09, CP time root [3] session4( ) for N= , sum= e+006 Real time 0:00:01, CP time root [4].q #include "TRandom.h“ #include using namespace std; void session4 (int N) { TRandom r; double sum = 0; for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) { sum += sin(r.Rndm()); } cout << "for N=" << N << ", sum=" << sum << endl; } session4.C File session4.C Automatically compiled and linked by the native compiler. Must be C++ compliant

21 root [0].L session5.C root [1] session5(100); >session5.log root [2] session5b(3) sum(0) = 0 sum(1) = 1 sum(2) = 3 root [3].q Macros with more than one function 21 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas root [0].x session5.C >session5.log root [1].q session5.C.x session5.C Executes the function session5 in session5.C void session5(int N=100) { session5a(N); session5b(N); gROOT->ProcessLine(".x session4.C+(1000)"); } void session5a(int N) { for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) { cout << "sqrt(" << i << ") = " << sqrt(i) << endl; } void session5b(int N) { double sum = 0; for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) { sum += i; cout << "sum(" << i << ") = " << sum << endl; } Use gROOT->ProcessLine() to execute a macro from a macro or from compiled code

22 Generating a Dictionary 22 Téc. Fund. de Simulación, Reconstrucción y Análisis de datos en F. Exp. de Partículas MyClass.h MyClass.cxx rootcint –f MyDict.cxx –c MyClass.h compile and link libMyClass.so MyDict.h MyDict.cxx


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