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By: Larry M. Newton Date: 12/01/08 Instructor/Class: Dr. Jeremy Lewis/PSC 499.

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Presentation on theme: "By: Larry M. Newton Date: 12/01/08 Instructor/Class: Dr. Jeremy Lewis/PSC 499."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Larry M. Newton Date: 12/01/08 Instructor/Class: Dr. Jeremy Lewis/PSC 499

2 Objectives Discuss the Origins of the Impeachment and its process in the United States Analyze the impeachments of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase and President’s Andrew Johnson and William “Bill” Clinton Analyze Nixon’s near impeachment

3 Origins and Process of Impeachment Jolly Old England Madison and Federalist 51- “Ambition must be made to counteract ambition.” Article 1, Sections 2 and 3; Article II, Section 4; and Article III, Section 1- Impeachment in the Constitution

4 Process Continued…Art. II, Sect. 4 “The President, Vice President and all Civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.” Treason-Art. III, Sect. 3 Bribery High Crimes and Misdemeanors- George Mason vs. James Madison

5 Process Continued...Congress House of Representatives (218) Committee Prosecution Senate (2/3 or 67/100) Judge and Jury Supreme Court Moderator Votes Impeachment and Acquittal

6 Samuel Chase United States Supreme Court Justice Federalist Jefferson vs. Adams Impeachment 8 articles Fries case 5 of 8 were Callender Case

7 Chase Vote SENATE VOTE Fries Article16 Conviction18 Acquittal Second Article10 Conviction24 Acquittal Third Article18 Conviction16 Acquittal Fourth Article18 Conviction16 Acquittal “Several of the historians who have written on the subject have taken the view espoused by John Quincy Adams: The impeachment was a partisan effort by the Republicans to ‘get’ Chase…” (Rehnquist, 1992, 107).

8 Andrew Johnson 17 th United States President after death of Lincoln Democrat President’s Reconstruction vs. Congress Reconstruction Freedman’s Bureau Bill, Civil Rights Act of 1866, Reconstruction Act of 1867, Tenure of Office Act Radical Republicans Edwin Stanton

9 Johnson Impeached Impeachment Number 1 Complaints filed against the president Failed House vote…108-57 Impeachment Number 2 11 Articles Filed Supreme Court Justice Salmon P. Chase Acquitted

10 Johnson Vote House126 Conviction47 Nay Senate35 Conviction19 Acquittal Note: At this time it took 36 out of 54 Senate votes to reach the 2/3 majority.

11 William “Bill” Clinton 42 nd President of the United States Paula Jones and Monica Lewinsky Kenneth Starr Impeachment 4 Articles 2 passed the House: Perjury and Obstruction of Justice 2 did NOT pass the House: Article II and Article IV Supreme Court Justice William Rehnquist Honorable Edward Pease (R-IN)

12 Clinton Vote House Judiciary Committee ChargeYes by PartyNo by Party Perjury21 Republicans16 Democrats Obstruction of Justice 21 Republicans16 Democrats Article II20 Republicans17 Democrats ; 1 Republican Article IV21 Republicans16 Democrats

13 Clinton Vote House of Representatives Charge and VoteYes by PartyNo by PartyNot Voting Perjury 228-206223 Rep; 5 Dem5 Rep; 200 Dems; 1 Ind 1 Dem Obstruction of Justice 221-212 216 Rep; 5 Dem12 Rep; 199 Dem; 1 Ind 2 Dem Article II 205-229200 Rep; 5 Dem28 Rep; 200 Dem; 1 Ind 1 Dem Article IV 148-285147 Rep; 1 Dem81 Rep; 203 Dem; 1 Ind 2 Dem

14 Clinton Vote Senate Charge and VoteYes by PartyNo by Party Perjury 45-5545 Rep45 Dem; 10 Rep Obstruction of Justice 50-50 50 Rep45 Dem; 5 Rep

15 Richard M. Nixon 37 th President of the United States Republican Watergate and Tapes Executive privilege and US vs. Nixon Impeachment Only House Judiciary 3 Articles Obstruction of Justice Abuse of Power Defiance of Subpoenas Resignation

16 Nixon Vote House Judiciary Committee Charge and VoteYes by PartyNo by Party Article I 27-1121 Dem; 6 Rep11 Rep Article II 28-1021 Dem; 7 Rep10 Rep Article III 21-1719 Dem; 2 Rep2 Dem; 15 Rep

17 Closing Explanation of what we have observed in regards to impeachment in the House and acquittal in the Senate What should be grounds for Impeachment: Treason Bribery High Crimes and Misdemeanors Questions and Answers Final Thoughts

18 Books to Consider Impeachment: A Handbook by Charles L. Black Jr. The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson by Michael Les Benedict The Impeachment and Trial of Andrew Johnson by David Miller Dewitt An Affair of State: The Investigation, Impeachment, and Trial of President Clinton by Richard A. Posner Our Monica, Ourselves: The Clinton Affair and the National Interest by Lauren Berlant and Lisa Duggan Abuse of Power: The New Nixon Tapes by Stanley I. Kutler U.S. v. Richard Nixon: The Final Crisis by Frank Mankiewicz Grand Inquests: The Historic Impeachments of Justice Samuel Chase and President Andrew Johnson by William H. Rehnquist

19 Thank You Have a Wonderful Political Science experience with Dr. Lewis and Huntingdon College Have a Happy Holiday Season Safe Travels Larry M. Newton Cell:334-303-9074 Email: (or)

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