Presentation on theme: "MGT3303 Michel Leseure Introduction to Operations Management Objectives of lecture: –To understand what is operations management –Describe the role of."— Presentation transcript:
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Introduction to Operations Management Objectives of lecture: –To understand what is operations management –Describe the role of OM within the organisation –To understand the relationship between operations management and the division of labour –To know the constitutive elements of an operation system –To discuss the difference between products and services
MGT3303 Michel Leseure What is Operations Management? OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT is the design and operations of production/service systems Without operations management: –A normal queue at a bank would take 1 to 2 hours … –A 3 hours ferry crossing could require 9 hours, if not several days! –The Eurostar would take 15 hours to go from London to Paris… –Mail would rarely be delivered… In other words: –Unless we could totally revise our every day’s perceptions of time and performance… –… we could not live in such a world
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Contemporary Issues Shift in balance of power to consumers –Achieving higher levels of productivity Creating higher quality products Delivering better customer service Achieving shorter delivery times Reducing labor and material costs Globalization of business and markets E-commerce From a primary sector to a secondary sector economy From a manufacturing to a service economy E-service economy Case of developing economies: can we leap-frog the manufacturing stage?
MGT3303 Michel Leseure International Division of Labour Source: From Joseph E. Stiglitz, Principles of Micro- economics, 2nd ed. (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1997), p. 58.
MGT3303 Michel Leseure The Value Chain and Its Support Functions Role of OM within an Organisation
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Division of Labour The objective is to specialise jobs by reducing them to their most elementary tasks Results from the simultaneous application of two principles –horizontal division of labour (Smith, Babbage) –vertical division of labour (Taylor, introduction of management science; Gilbreth, time and motion studies) The vertical division of labour implies: –A design and planning activity –A control activity –A co-ordination role for operations management
MGT3303 Michel Leseure The Transformation Process within OM
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Input-Transformation-Output Relationships for Typical Systems Components are also called resources
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Good OM and the Service Industry Application of OM to Service Operations –Batch cooking operations at McDonald’s –Telephone Banking –Call Centres Service Product
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Most Products Are a “Bundle” of Goods and Services Exhibit 1.8
MGT3303 Michel Leseure 1-6 Differences Between Goods and Services Goods –Tangible –Can be inventoried –No interaction between customer and process Services –Intangible –Cannot be inventoried –Direct interaction between customer and process
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Product Delivery Systems Manufacturing Processes - customer are separate from the place of production both geographically and in terms of time –Exceptions: B2B transactions Manufacturing process Materials GoodsCustomer
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Service Delivery Systems There are two basic structures of service delivery system..... –1. where customers participate –2. where customers' goods are processed delivery Service system Service delivery system Customer Goods Processed Goods Customer
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Front & Back Office Key feature of service industry. Nowadays front and back offices are often separated geographically - and may even be in different continents Back Office Customers Front Office - Servers (receptionist / dispatcher / cashier etc.) Division of labour
MGT3303 Michel Leseure Suggested Homework Is a public service (e.g. land registry, customs, ONE) an operations system? –How does it differ from a business operations system? Question 1-2 p. 27 Have the globalisation of operations taken place yet in Morocco? How, Why, Examples? Question 1-8 p. 27 Question 1-15 p. 27 Case Problem 1.2 p. 29