Presentation on theme: "Competition p.7 Respond in writing to one (or a combination) of the following: Your favorite competitive game and why A frustrating experience you had."— Presentation transcript:
Competition p.7 Respond in writing to one (or a combination) of the following: Your favorite competitive game and why A frustrating experience you had in competition Why you believe competition is important Why you believe competition is harmful
Today’s Objective Students will understand the value and concerns about competition and will demonstrate their understanding by teaching a game.
Read the article, “Is competition good for your kid? (article attached to end of power point) Write a well thought-out paragraph summarizing the competition article (Be prepared to share with the class): ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Write down one area of this article that you would find challenging-describe why it would be challenging (Be prepared to share with the class): ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________
How to Teach a Preschool Game The main thing to consider when teaching a preschool game is the developmental level of the children you will be teaching. You want to make sure the children are being challenged, yet not overly stressed from too much competition and too high of a skill level. The goal is success and learning – a little failure is often required to learn, but not enough to discourage the child from continuing to try! (Which Vocab does this sound like?)
Avoid heavy competition in preschool. Most games can be adjusted to lower the competition level.
Do not use games where children are eliminated from the game. They will not sit around and watch the game once they are out and many of them will not want to try again when they are allowed to return to the game. Don’t forget how important supervision is. Do you want more and more children wandering the classroom unsupervised while you are focused on the game?
Most children should be active in the game most of the time. If only one or two children are active (as in duck goose), children will get tired of waiting for their turn and lose interest.
Keep skill levels in mind. Use pictures for directions and not just words. Can children be teamed up to help those who need more help? Can directions be adjusted to meet a variety of needs?
Do not fall into the pit of “everyone is a winner.” It is Ok to high five everyone for their efforts. Remember that not every game even needs to have a winner – that starts to work better developmentally between kindergarten and second grade.
Decide what game you would like to teach. Your game should be appropriate for preschool or kindergarten, or first through third grade.
As soon as you know what you want to teach, tell the instructor and get approval for putting it on the list.
Plan your game in your composition book (p.6) Title of game Supplies needed for the game Rules for the game – do not say, everyone already knows the rules! Who in your group will teach what- EVERYONE needs to be actively involved, both verbally and physically.
01234 No game presented Not prepared enough for the game to work The game is taught, but the rules are unclear and students are not taking a leadership position in teaching the game The game is taught, but students are still working it out as they go. Clear rules Clear job roles in the group Game is exciting and the group is working as a dynamic team.
Is Competition Good for your Kid? Theresa Wilkerson Oakland Stay-at-Home Moms Examiner Table 1 Recently, I had a small debate about my parenting style with my son, which was to create a competitive scenario. He did not beat me during the task, and was a bit distraught, as most small children are, when they lose, and become easily disappointed. The other parent did not think I should have created a competitive scenario, which ultimately set my child up for failure. Well of course, this was not my intent. I thought my son would excel in the task and I would be the one with the long face, but instead it was the other way around. I believed that I was doing him a favor by creating a real world circumstance, in which he would have to rise to the occasion. If he experiences defeat, well, one more opportunity to learn to manage his emotions, and learn to have tenacity. This was not the sentiment of the other parent, who thought my competitive spirit would squander confidence and ultimately lower self esteem. This got me to thinking about competition, and where and when is it appropriate in a child's life. Is it only appropriate in team sports? Should you wait until a child is much older to introduce them to the idea of competition, when you think they can handle defeat? Research tells us that temperament, culture, talent and the age of the child affect how a child handles competition. Research also suggests that children are not born with a competitive urge; they learn it. They don't begin to compete with and compare their skills to others until they are about 5 years of age. Most children can't work well as a member of a team until they are about 10 or 11 years of age, which I am not completely sold on. This is also the age, when they tend to handle defeat more gracefully. I also noticed that boys tend to be more competitive than girls, at least at an earlier age. I began noticing my son's competitive spirit about 3 years of age.
Table 2 Parents must have a keen sense of judgment and knowledge of their children's temperament, when deciding to engage their children in competitive play. I happen to know that my son thrives on being first, or being the fastest, or being the strongest, so I use it to my advantage. If I want him to quickly tie his shoe, or put on his seat belt, we have a race. If he wins, he wins, if he does not, I tell him, "you will do better next time", with the goal being that he actually will. You can typically tell when your child is not ready for competitive play. He or she may act immature or childish by not bouncing back from the defeat, or they may cry and pout for long periods of time. My son may cry during a defeat, but it is not prolonged, and he bounces back fairly quickly, therefore, I believe his tears result from his passion to win, and not because he is not mentally capable of competing.
Table 3 What about team sports? Some professionals believe competitive games are valuable for preparing children for "real- life" scenarios. Still others suggest games should be cooperative to include all children, doing a similar task or acting in support of each other's success. I can agree with that. This is typical in team sports, where a group of children are competing against another group of children. This scenario builds camaraderie and provides an opportunity for your child to share defeats, as well as victories, with someone other than himself. Social Structure of Games There are three types of ways children can interact with one another while playing a game, that is: competitively, cooperatively, and independently. Traditionally, competitive games, such as tennis, are characterized by mutually exclusive goals, so that the success of one player reduces the success of another. Rewards consist of points, prizes, or other recognition. A cooperative game is characterized by mutually compatible goals, such as relay races. The success of one player contributes to the success of other player. Rewards are not limited because all participants potentially share the rewards available. Lastly, the least popular option for social structure involves the independence of players. In an independent game, the success of one player is not related to the success of other player, such as solitaire, and a player is in charge of his or her own destiny. All players have a reasonable chance of success.
Table 4 Are there any advantages or benefits to competing? One great outcome, or result, of competing is production. Competition proponents believe that trying to beat others results in productivity and achievement. Another is participation, which means that if you have an ordinarily shy child, competition will allow him to get involved with others, and push through any fears or timidity he may have. There is also a lot to be said for the character building that is happening when a child competes. What better way to develop a child's resilience, and moral character than to teach him not to cheat, not to boast in front of the competition, to show empathy to others if they happen to lose? Children also learn to set goals, handle defeat, problem-solve, develop competence and talent in a particular skill, and learn to work with others (in the case of team-sports). Encouraging your child to show a little enthusiasm for winning will help her to learn she can lose gracefully, and without losing their self esteem, or how she views herself. In other words, do not take it personally.
Table 5 What is the ideal time and way to introduce competition? Activities that promote physical and intellectual development, cooperation are ideal. Emphasize the basics of being fair, good sportsmanship, trying your best, and loosing (and winning) gracefully. Playing games of chance and strategy are great mind-challenging activities, such as old maid, go fish, bingo, chess, backgammon, connect four, Uno, just to name a few. Plan both competitive (softball), as well as, cooperative games (relay races) to give them perspective of being on both sides of the fence. Beat the clock activities are a great way to teach children about agility and focusing on a task, this is perfect for 3-6 year olds who get distracted so easily. Encourage your child every step of the way. It's important for children to know they have our love and support whether they perform well in a task or not. Don't bend the rules to produce a winner, this is different than "going easy" on them, which we often do on smaller children.
Table 6 It's important for a child to take inventory of his skill set, so that he has something to work harder on and a goal to obtain. If you allow your child to always win, then you are only producing a short-term goal of happiness, instead of the longer-term goal of perseverance. Introducing competition to a child as young as 3 or 4 years of age is safe, but parents beware, they may not quite understand the larger goal of "winning" and this may produce frustration for you if that is your ultimate goal. Around the age of 5 is a good time to introduce some aspects of competition, in a safe, caring and supporting environment, because the child may be more mentally stable and emotionally mature to handle defeat. Face it, your child will be exposed to competition one way or another in life, it is just a matter of when. It is best to introduce it to them first, in a structured and nurturing environment, to ensure success when real competition comes their way.