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 Romans 15:1-7 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  (2) Let each of.

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Presentation on theme: " Romans 15:1-7 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  (2) Let each of."— Presentation transcript:

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3  Romans 15:1-7 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  (2) Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, to build him up.  (3) For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me."  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 14

4  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 14

5  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 14 Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.”

6  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 14 Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength

7  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 1 Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters? Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters?

8  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 1 Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters? We the strong (hēmeis hoi dunatoi). He means the Morally Strong Cf.2Cor 12:10 “.. For when I am weak, then I am strong..” Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters? We the strong (hēmeis hoi dunatoi). He means the Morally Strong Cf.2Cor 12:10 “.. For when I am weak, then I am strong..”

9  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 1 Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters? We the strong (hēmeis hoi dunatoi). He means the Morally Strong Cf. 2Cor 12:10 “.. For when I am weak, then I am strong..” And the Strong in Faith Cf. Rom 4:20 “No distrust made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,” Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters? We the strong (hēmeis hoi dunatoi). He means the Morally Strong Cf. 2Cor 12:10 “.. For when I am weak, then I am strong..” And the Strong in Faith Cf. Rom 4:20 “No distrust made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,”

10  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves.  Driving home one of the key points of Chapter 1 Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters? We the strong (hēmeis hoi dunatoi). He means the Morally Strong Cf. 2Cor 12:10 “.. For when I am weak, then I am strong..” And the Strong in Faith Cf. Rom 4:20 “No distrust made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,” And NOT the mighty Cf. 1Cor 1:25-27 “But God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise;..” Paul starts with “We” so Paul includes himself in this group, though later describing himself (through the eyes of others) as one whose “bodily presence is weak” Cf. 2 Cor 10:10 “.. but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.” So we can infer he does not mean physical strength So what DOES he mean by strong? People who can write great letters? We the strong (hēmeis hoi dunatoi). He means the Morally Strong Cf. 2Cor 12:10 “.. For when I am weak, then I am strong..” And the Strong in Faith Cf. Rom 4:20 “No distrust made him waver concerning the promise of God, but he grew strong in his faith as he gave glory to God,” And NOT the mighty Cf. 1Cor 1:25-27 “But God chose what is foolish in the world to shame the wise;..”

11  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Paul chose a word that (“Ought” in the KJV) has a mild form, but literally means; ought, must, and should. It is an obligation like a debt.

12  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn)

13  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV) Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV)

14  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV) The “actions” of the weak Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV) The “actions” of the weak

15  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV) The “actions” of the weak – in faith – who have never walked in faith Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV) The “actions” of the weak – in faith – who have never walked in faith

16  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV) The “actions” of the weak – in faith – who have never walked in faith Stuck in the same place – Wow! God will save and then keep someone who can’t get out of a spiritual wet paper bag? – it’s his call – he knows their heart Failings (infirmities in the KJV) literally from the scruples “of the not strong” (tōn adunatōn) Same phrase used in Acts 14:8 “Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked.” (ESV) The “actions” of the weak – in faith – who have never walked in faith Stuck in the same place – Wow! God will save and then keep someone who can’t get out of a spiritual wet paper bag? – it’s his call – he knows their heart

17  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak?

18  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers?

19  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do? We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do?

20  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do? What did Jesus do? We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do? What did Jesus do?

21  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do? What did Jesus do? What else did Paul say? We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do? What did Jesus do? What else did Paul say?

22  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do? What did Jesus do? What else did Paul say? Cf. Gal 6:2 “Bear one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. “ (in full context ) We should BEAR with the failings of the spiritually weak? What about complainers? What did Moses do? What did Jesus do? What else did Paul say? Cf. Gal 6:2 “Bear one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. “ (in full context )

23  Romans 15:1 ESV  (1) We who are strong have an obligation to bear with the failings of the weak, and not to please ourselves. Cf. 1 Corinthians 10:32-33 ESV (32) Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God, (33) just as I try to please everyone in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved. Cf. 1 Corinthians 10:32-33 ESV (32) Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God, (33) just as I try to please everyone in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved.

24  Did Paul mean to accept quietly, peacefully, or otherwise the brother or sister who would not work?

25  1 Thessalonians 5:14 ESV  (14) And we urge you, brothers, admonish the idle, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with them all.

26  Romans 15:2 ESV  (2) Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, to build him up. Suck up to our neighbors? Make sinners feel happy? Be a people pleaser? Suck up to our neighbors? Make sinners feel happy? Be a people pleaser?

27  Romans 15:2 ESV  (2) Let each of us please his neighbor for his good, to build him up. Suck up to our neighbors? Make sinners feel happy? Be a people pleaser? 1 Corinthians 10:32-33 ESV (32) Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God, (33) just as I try to please everyone in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved. Suck up to our neighbors? Make sinners feel happy? Be a people pleaser? 1 Corinthians 10:32-33 ESV (32) Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God, (33) just as I try to please everyone in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved.

28  Romans 15:3 ESV  (3) For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me." Christ was perfect and never sinned

29  Romans 15:3 ESV  (3) For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me." Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin?

30  Romans 15:3 ESV  (3) For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me." Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc. Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc.

31  Romans 15:3 ESV  (3) For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me." Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc. Christ took upon himself the anger that man had towards God AND the anger that God had towards man’s sin Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc. Christ took upon himself the anger that man had towards God AND the anger that God had towards man’s sin

32  Romans 15:3 ESV  (3) For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me." Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc. Christ took upon himself the anger that man had towards God AND the anger that God had towards man’s sin And calls us to take a small portion of inconvenience to help save the weak Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc. Christ took upon himself the anger that man had towards God AND the anger that God had towards man’s sin And calls us to take a small portion of inconvenience to help save the weak

33  Romans 15:3 ESV  (3) For Christ did not please himself, but as it is written, "The reproaches of those who reproached you fell on me." Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc. Christ took upon himself the anger that man had towards God AND the anger that God had towards man’s sin And calls us to take a small portion of inconvenience to help save the weak … as we are in his eyes – why we needed a savior Christ was perfect and never sinned Was it in his nature to take on our sin? Reproach = Insult (in the NIV), a fair modernization, but reproach can also mean rejection, disdain, being outcast, etc. Christ took upon himself the anger that man had towards God AND the anger that God had towards man’s sin And calls us to take a small portion of inconvenience to help save the weak … as we are in his eyes – why we needed a savior

34  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God.

35  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 4: The scriptures will encourage us to fulfill our call with hope

36  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 5: And God will empower us as we endure, and teach us how to live in harmony

37  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 5: And God will empower us as we endure, and teach us how to live in harmony But as we will see in Chapter 16, this is NOT a call for unity at all costs, this is a call for unity with weaker brothers and sisters, not for unity with false doctrines, dividers, etc. 5: And God will empower us as we endure, and teach us how to live in harmony But as we will see in Chapter 16, this is NOT a call for unity at all costs, this is a call for unity with weaker brothers and sisters, not for unity with false doctrines, dividers, etc.

38  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 6: One Voice (“..and all of these can be summed up into this, love your neighbor as yourself”)

39  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..”

40  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right?

41  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death

42  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us

43  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us And loved us! 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us And loved us!

44  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us And loved us – and made a way for our salvation! 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us And loved us – and made a way for our salvation!

45  Romans 15:4-7 ESV  (4) For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that through endurance and through the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.  (5) May the God of endurance and encouragement grant you to live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ Jesus,  (6) that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.  (7) Therefore welcome one another as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God. 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us And loved us – and made a way for our salvation, even when we did not accept him! 7: “.. as Christ has welcomed you..” Pretty easy to do right? We deserved death He took the punishment for us And loved us – and made a way for our salvation, even when we did not accept him!

46  Romans 15:8-13 ESV  (8) For I tell you that Christ became a servant to the circumcised to show God's truthfulness, in order to confirm the promises given to the patriarchs,  (9) and in order that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written, "Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles, and sing to your name."  (10) And again it is said, "Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people."  (11) And again, "Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles, and let all the peoples extol him."  (12) And again Isaiah says, "The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles hope."  (13) May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope.

47  Romans 15:8-13 ESV  (8) For I tell you that Christ became a servant to the circumcised to show God's truthfulness, in order to confirm the promises given to the patriarchs,  (9) and in order that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written, "Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles, and sing to your name."  (10) And again it is said, "Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people."  (11) And again, "Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles, and let all the peoples extol him."  (12) And again Isaiah says, "The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles hope."  (13) May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope. Paul demonstrates through the promises of scripture, to this “mixed” church, that Christ fulfilled the promises made to the Jews AND to the Gentiles This is another call to unity! Paul demonstrates through the promises of scripture, to this “mixed” church, that Christ fulfilled the promises made to the Jews AND to the Gentiles This is another call to unity!

48  Romans 15:14-21 ESV  (14) I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another.  (15) But on some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder, because of the grace given me by God  (16) to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.  (17) In Christ Jesus, then, I have reason to be proud of my work for God.  (18) For I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me to bring the Gentiles to obedience--by word and deed,  (19) by the power of signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God--so that from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ;  (20) and thus I make it my ambition to preach the gospel, not where Christ has already been named, lest I build on someone else's foundation,  (21) but as it is written, "Those who have never been told of him will see, and those who have never heard will understand."

49  Romans 15:14-21 ESV  (14) I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another.  (15) But on some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder, because of the grace given me by God  (16) to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.  (17) In Christ Jesus, then, I have reason to be proud of my work for God.  (18) For I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me to bring the Gentiles to obedience--by word and deed,  (19) by the power of signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God--so that from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ;  (20) and thus I make it my ambition to preach the gospel, not where Christ has already been named, lest I build on someone else's foundation,  (21) but as it is written, "Those who have never been told of him will see, and those who have never heard will understand." 14-16: A reminder that this is delivered in love

50  Romans 15:14-21 ESV  (14) I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another.  (15) But on some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder, because of the grace given me by God  (16) to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.  (17) In Christ Jesus, then, I have reason to be proud of my work for God.  (18) For I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me to bring the Gentiles to obedience--by word and deed,  (19) by the power of signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God--so that from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ;  (20) and thus I make it my ambition to preach the gospel, not where Christ has already been named, lest I build on someone else's foundation,  (21) but as it is written, "Those who have never been told of him will see, and those who have never heard will understand." 17-21: Credentialing through signs and wonders Cf. Acts 14:8-11

51  Romans 15:14-21 ESV  (14) I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another.  (15) But on some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder, because of the grace given me by God  (16) to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.  (17) In Christ Jesus, then, I have reason to be proud of my work for God.  (18) For I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me to bring the Gentiles to obedience--by word and deed,  (19) by the power of signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God--so that from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ;  (20) and thus I make it my ambition to preach the gospel, not where Christ has already been named, lest I build on someone else's foundation,  (21) but as it is written, "Those who have never been told of him will see, and those who have never heard will understand." 17-21: Credentialing through signs and wonders Cf. Acts 14:8-11 ESV (8) Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from birth and had never walked. (9) He listened to Paul speaking. And Paul, looking intently at him and seeing that he had faith to be made well, (10) said in a loud voice, "Stand upright on your feet." And he sprang up and began walking. (11) And when the crowds saw what Paul had done, they lifted up their voices, saying in Lycaonian, "The gods have come down to us in the likeness of men!"

52  Romans 15:14-21 ESV  (14) I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another.  (15) But on some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder, because of the grace given me by God  (16) to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.  (17) In Christ Jesus, then, I have reason to be proud of my work for God.  (18) For I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me to bring the Gentiles to obedience--by word and deed,  (19) by the power of signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God--so that from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ;  (20) and thus I make it my ambition to preach the gospel, not where Christ has already been named, lest I build on someone else's foundation,  (21) but as it is written, "Those who have never been told of him will see, and those who have never heard will understand." 17-21: Credentialing through signs and wonders Cf. Acts 14:8-11 Illycrum is North/Northwest of Macedonia (Europe)

53  Romans 15:14-21 ESV  (14) I myself am satisfied about you, my brothers, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge and able to instruct one another.  (15) But on some points I have written to you very boldly by way of reminder, because of the grace given me by God  (16) to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.  (17) In Christ Jesus, then, I have reason to be proud of my work for God.  (18) For I will not venture to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me to bring the Gentiles to obedience--by word and deed,  (19) by the power of signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God--so that from Jerusalem and all the way around to Illyricum I have fulfilled the ministry of the gospel of Christ;  (20) and thus I make it my ambition to preach the gospel, not where Christ has already been named, lest I build on someone else's foundation,  (21) but as it is written, "Those who have never been told of him will see, and those who have never heard will understand." 17-21: Credentialing through signs and wonders Cf. Acts 14:8-11 Illycrum is North/Northwest of Macedonia (Europe) Ministry defined as to the Gentiles. And so… the church of Rome, while mixed (Jews and Greeks) is under his apostolic care

54  Romans 15:22-29 ESV  (22) This is the reason why I have so often been hindered from coming to you.  (23) But now, since I no longer have any room for work in these regions, and since I have longed for many years to come to you,  (24) I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while.  (25) At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem bringing aid to the saints.  (26) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.  (27) For they were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings.  (28) When therefore I have completed this and have delivered to them what has been collected, I will leave for Spain by way of you.  (29) I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ.

55  Romans 15:22-29 ESV  (22) This is the reason why I have so often been hindered from coming to you.  (23) But now, since I no longer have any room for work in these regions, and since I have longed for many years to come to you,  (24) I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while.  (25) At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem bringing aid to the saints.  (26) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.  (27) For they were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings.  (28) When therefore I have completed this and have delivered to them what has been collected, I will leave for Spain by way of you.  (29) I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ. Returns to apologizing for the delay in coming to them

56  Romans 15:22-29 ESV  (22) This is the reason why I have so often been hindered from coming to you.  (23) But now, since I no longer have any room for work in these regions, and since I have longed for many years to come to you,  (24) I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while.  (25) At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem bringing aid to the saints.  (26) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.  (27) For they were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings.  (28) When therefore I have completed this and have delivered to them what has been collected, I will leave for Spain by way of you.  (29) I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ. But coming soon!

57  Romans 15:22-29 ESV  (22) This is the reason why I have so often been hindered from coming to you.  (23) But now, since I no longer have any room for work in these regions, and since I have longed for many years to come to you,  (24) I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while.  (25) At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem bringing aid to the saints.  (26) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.  (27) For they were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings.  (28) When therefore I have completed this and have delivered to them what has been collected, I will leave for Spain by way of you.  (29) I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ. But I need your help, and would enjoy your company

58  Romans 15:22-29 ESV  (22) This is the reason why I have so often been hindered from coming to you.  (23) But now, since I no longer have any room for work in these regions, and since I have longed for many years to come to you,  (24) I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while.  (25) At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem bringing aid to the saints.  (26) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.  (27) For they were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings.  (28) When therefore I have completed this and have delivered to them what has been collected, I will leave for Spain by way of you.  (29) I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ. But I need your help, and would enjoy your company Galatians 6:6 ESV (6) One who is taught the word must share all good things with the one who teaches. But I need your help, and would enjoy your company Galatians 6:6 ESV (6) One who is taught the word must share all good things with the one who teaches.

59  Romans 15:22-29 ESV  (22) This is the reason why I have so often been hindered from coming to you.  (23) But now, since I no longer have any room for work in these regions, and since I have longed for many years to come to you,  (24) I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while.  (25) At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem bringing aid to the saints.  (26) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.  (27) For they were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings.  (28) When therefore I have completed this and have delivered to them what has been collected, I will leave for Spain by way of you.  (29) I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ. But there was some kingdom business to be done first…

60  Romans 15:22-29 ESV  (22) This is the reason why I have so often been hindered from coming to you.  (23) But now, since I no longer have any room for work in these regions, and since I have longed for many years to come to you,  (24) I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while.  (25) At present, however, I am going to Jerusalem bringing aid to the saints.  (26) For Macedonia and Achaia have been pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the saints at Jerusalem.  (27) For they were pleased to do it, and indeed they owe it to them. For if the Gentiles have come to share in their spiritual blessings, they ought also to be of service to them in material blessings.  (28) When therefore I have completed this and have delivered to them what has been collected, I will leave for Spain by way of you.  (29) I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of the blessing of Christ. 27: “..owe it to them..” Applies today We share in the fatness of the trunk of the olive tree Is it wise for the grafted branches to think they are not connected to the root? 27: “..owe it to them..” Applies today We share in the fatness of the trunk of the olive tree Is it wise for the grafted branches to think they are not connected to the root?

61  Romans 15:30-33 ESV  (30) I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,  (31) that I may be delivered from the unbelievers in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints,  (32) so that by God's will I may come to you with joy and be refreshed in your company.  (33) May the God of peace be with you all. Amen.

62  Romans 15:30-33 ESV  (30) I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,  (31) that I may be delivered from the unbelievers in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints,  (32) so that by God's will I may come to you with joy and be refreshed in your company.  (33) May the God of peace be with you all. Amen. Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit

63  Romans 15:30-33 ESV  (30) I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,  (31) that I may be delivered from the unbelievers in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints,  (32) so that by God's will I may come to you with joy and be refreshed in your company.  (33) May the God of peace be with you all. Amen. Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize

64  Romans 15:30-33 ESV  (30) I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,  (31) that I may be delivered from the unbelievers in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints,  (32) so that by God's will I may come to you with joy and be refreshed in your company.  (33) May the God of peace be with you all. Amen. Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize Deliverance, Acts Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize Deliverance, Acts 21-26

65  Romans 15:30-33 ESV  (30) I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,  (31) that I may be delivered from the unbelievers in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints,  (32) so that by God's will I may come to you with joy and be refreshed in your company.  (33) May the God of peace be with you all. Amen. Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize Deliverance, Acts Acceptance by Jews Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize Deliverance, Acts Acceptance by Jews

66  Romans 15:30-33 ESV  (30) I appeal to you, brothers, by our Lord Jesus Christ and by the love of the Spirit, to strive together with me in your prayers to God on my behalf,  (31) that I may be delivered from the unbelievers in Judea, and that my service for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints,  (32) so that by God's will I may come to you with joy and be refreshed in your company.  (33) May the God of peace be with you all. Amen. Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize Deliverance, Acts Acceptance by Jews Visit Rome, Acts 28 Begs for prayers Based on Christ & Holy Spirit Strive: agonize Deliverance, Acts Acceptance by Jews Visit Rome, Acts 28

67

68  Paul recommends Phoebe for a greeting and support proper to a patron of many churches and the apostle himself  And greets many by name  There are many characters worthy of research in this list

69  Romans 16:17-20 ESV  (17) I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.  (18) For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.  (19) For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil.  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

70  Romans 16:17-20 ESV  (17) I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.  (18) For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.  (19) For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil.  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Paul warns against “dividers” or divisive people and/or those how will create obstacles to the faith other than those they have been taught (by him or the other apostles – inferred)

71  Romans 16:17-20 ESV  (17) I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.  (18) For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.  (19) For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil.  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Paul warns against “dividers” or divisive people and/or those how will create obstacles to the faith other than those they have been taught (by him or the other apostles – inferred) And he warned to AVOID them! Paul warns against “dividers” or divisive people and/or those how will create obstacles to the faith other than those they have been taught (by him or the other apostles – inferred) And he warned to AVOID them!

72  Romans 16:17-20 ESV  (17) I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.  (18) For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.  (19) For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil.  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Paul warns against “dividers” or divisive people and/or those how will create obstacles to the faith other than those they have been taught (by him or the other apostles – inferred) And he warned to AVOID them! And paints them as “wolves in sheep’s clothing” “..do not serve our Lord Christ,..” Paul warns against “dividers” or divisive people and/or those how will create obstacles to the faith other than those they have been taught (by him or the other apostles – inferred) And he warned to AVOID them! And paints them as “wolves in sheep’s clothing” “..do not serve our Lord Christ,..”

73  Romans 16:17-20 ESV  (17) I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.  (18) For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.  (19) For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil.  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Paul encourages and cautions the church of Rome to (continue to) avoid the knowledge of evil (restraint of liberty) And to be wise about what is good Paul encourages and cautions the church of Rome to (continue to) avoid the knowledge of evil (restraint of liberty) And to be wise about what is good

74  Romans 16:17-20 ESV  (17) I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.  (18) For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.  (19) For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil.  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Paul encourages and cautions the church of Rome to (continue to) avoid the knowledge of evil (restraint of liberty) And to be wise about what is good And encourages them that Satan will soon be crushed under their feet (by God) Paul encourages and cautions the church of Rome to (continue to) avoid the knowledge of evil (restraint of liberty) And to be wise about what is good And encourages them that Satan will soon be crushed under their feet (by God)

75  Romans 16:17-20 ESV  (17) I appeal to you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and create obstacles contrary to the doctrine that you have been taught; avoid them.  (18) For such persons do not serve our Lord Christ, but their own appetites, and by smooth talk and flattery they deceive the hearts of the naive.  (19) For your obedience is known to all, so that I rejoice over you, but I want you to be wise as to what is good and innocent as to what is evil.  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Paul encourages and cautions the church of Rome to (continue to) avoid the knowledge of evil (restraint of liberty) And to be wise about what is good And encourages them that Satan will soon be crushed under their feet (by God) Rome fell Christianity grew - exploded Paul encourages and cautions the church of Rome to (continue to) avoid the knowledge of evil (restraint of liberty) And to be wise about what is good And encourages them that Satan will soon be crushed under their feet (by God) Rome fell Christianity grew - exploded

76  Romans 16:20-24 ESV  (20) The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.  (21) Timothy, my fellow worker, greets you; so do Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen.  (22) I Tertius, who wrote this letter, greet you in the Lord.  (23) Gaius, who is host to me and to the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the city treasurer, and our brother Quartus, greet you.  (24) [The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.]

77  Romans 16:25-27 ESV  (25) Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was kept secret for long ages  (26) but has now been disclosed and through the prophetic writings has been made known to all nations, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith--  (27) to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen.

78  Romans 16:25-27 ESV  (25) Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was kept secret for long ages  (26) but has now been disclosed and through the prophetic writings has been made known to all nations, according to the command of the eternal God, to bring about the obedience of faith--  (27) to the only wise God be glory forevermore through Jesus Christ! Amen. Paul concludes by bringing Glory to God!

79 Next (X?) Weeks Now that we have dissected each chapter… Read Romans as the letter it truly is Expect Revelation from the Holy Spirit! Expect the ability to recall the location of key scriptures from memory! Bring your highlighter if you are into that sort of thing

80 Next (X?) Weeks Open Issues: Discuss desired pace for wrap up Once we are done… Summer off Questions: Would anyone like to add anything to this? Has anyone had any “recall experiences” yet?

81  Galatians 6:1-5 ESV  (1) Brothers, if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness. Keep watch on yourself, lest you too be tempted.  (2) Bear one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.  (3) For if anyone thinks he is something, when he is nothing, he deceives himself.  (4) But let each one test his own work, and then his reason to boast will be in himself alone and not in his neighbor.  (5) For each will have to bear his own load.


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