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Mid Term Review Part I Gilded Age Industrial Age Progressive Era.

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Presentation on theme: "Mid Term Review Part I Gilded Age Industrial Age Progressive Era."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mid Term Review Part I Gilded Age Industrial Age Progressive Era

2 During the late 19 th century, factory owners often hired child workers because children 1. Could be paid low wages 2. Had received job training at school 3. Were able to work after school 4. Required little supervision

3 The growth of railroads in the late 1800s contributed to all the following except- 1. Growth of cities 2. Improved communications 3. Expanded markets 4. Shortage of raw materials

4 What effect did inventions have on the growth of the nation’s economy during the late 1800s 1. Transportation and communication improved 2. Big business monopolized industry 3. The government collected fees on all new patents 4. Taxes were assessed on all new inventions

5 Businesses responded to the Sherman Antitrust act of 1890 by 1. Forming holding companies 2. Hiring non-union workers 3. Filing lawsuits 4. Issuing stock

6 How did the 17 th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution give more political power to the individual voter 1. It allowed citizens to vote regardless of race 2. It allowed citizens to vote without paying a poll tax 3. It allowed for the number of senators per state to be determined by population 4. It allowed for only two senators per state to be elected by popular vote

7 Which of the following is the most important effect of the Progressive reforms of initiative, referendum, and recall 1. Restructured the government branches 2. Increased the power of the judicial branch 3. Made government more responsive to the voters 4. Provided for use of the Australian ballot

8 What group do the large men at the back of the room represent? 1. labor organizers 2.wealthy monopolists 3.very powerful senators 4.typical American citizens

9 What is the main idea of this cartoon? The Senate is working for the people, not for special interests Owners of business monopolies control the Senate Ordinary people are not allowed in the Senate Senators can be bribed for small amounts of money.

10 Which of the following best completes the diagram below? ? Increased acts Of prejudice and discrimination Housing Shortage in cities Introduced new Languages, foods, And religions Establishment of Ethnic neighborhoods 1. Integration 2. Progressivism 3. Imperialism 4. immigration

11 The labor movement grew rapidly during the late 1800s because of- 1. An increase in agricultural production 2. A significant fall in stock prices 3. An increase in wages for unskilled labor 4. A significant growth in industry

12 Which of the following issues was the most likely reason for the creation of the National Woman’s Party, shown in the photograph? 1. Promoting conservation legislation 2. Ending gender discrimination in voting 3. Promoting the growth of big business 4. Ending immigration restrictions

13 The conditions listed below best explains the growth of- -Unhealthy working conditions -Unequal distributions of wealth -Long working hours -Growing incidence of wage cuts 1. Farmer alliance 2. Urban areas 3. National railroads 4. Labor unions

14 The innovations listed below had a direct impact on- 1. Reform movements 2. Union organizations 3. Western expansion 4. Industrial development -Invention of the cotton gin -Use of interchangeable parts Introduction of the assembly line

15 The growth of railroads in the late 1800s contributed to all the following except- 1. Growth of cities 2. Improved communications 3. Expanded markets 4. Shortage of raw materials

16 What effect did inventions have on the growth of the nation’s economy during the late 1800s 1. Transportation and communication improved 2. Big business monopolized industry 3. The government collected fees on all new patents 4. Taxes were assessed on all new inventions

17 Businesses responded to the Sherman Antitrust act of 1890 by 1. Forming holding companies 2. Hiring non-union workers 3. Filing lawsuits 4. Issuing stock

18 How did the 17 th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution give more political power to the individual voter 1. It allowed citizens to vote regardless of race 2. It allowed citizens to vote without paying a poll tax 3. It allowed for the number of senators per state to be determined by population 4. It allowed for only two senators per state to be elected by popular vote

19 Which of the following is the most important effect of the Progressive reforms of initiative, referendum, and recall 1. Restructured the government branches 2. Increased the power of the judicial branch 3. Made government more responsive to the voters 4. Provided for use of the Australian ballot

20 WEB DuBois’s views on racial equality differed from Booker T. Washington’s in that- 1. Dubois thought that whites would grant blacks equality without a fight 2. Dubois openly opposed segregation 3. Their views did not differ

21 Susan B. Anthony voted illegally in the 1872 presidential election because 1. She wanted to protest the fact that women were not allowed to vote. 2. She did not know it was illegal 3. She wanted to help re-elect President Grant

22 Which concept is described by this passage? 1. Communism 2. Populism 3. Social Darwinism 4. Utopian socialism “The growth of a large business is merely survival of the fittest. The American beauty rose can be produced in the splendor and fragrance which bring cheer to its beholder only by sacrificing the early buds which grow up around it. This is not an evil tendency in business. It is merely the working out of a law of nature and a law of God.” - John D. Rockefeller

23 In the late 1800s, the creation of the Standard Oil Trust by John D. Rockefeller was intended to 1. Control prices and practices in the oil refining business 2. Increase competition among oil refining companies 3. Protest small, independent oil firms 4. Distribute donations to charitable causes

24 As a result of the 19 th Amendment 1. Women were guaranteed voting rights 2. African Americans were granted citizenship 3. Native Americans were prevented from owing property 4. Children were prohibited from working in factories

25 Which Progressive reformer was well-known for his efforts in Wisconsin and became a model for other Progressive reformers 1. Eugene V. Debs 2. Woodrow Wilson 3. W.E.B. Dubois 4. Robert LaFollette

26 The Progressive Era is defined by reform of all of the following except- 1. Political parties 2. Big business 3. Labor practices 4. Civil rights

27 Which person worked to reform social conditions in cities in the late 1800s? 1. Jane Addams 2. Ida Tarbell 3. Helen Hunt Jackson 4. William Marcy Tweed

28 In the 19 th century, government attempts to regulate industry in the U.S. included the Interstate Commerce Act (1887), Sherman Antitrust Act (1890). What posed the biggest obstacle to enforcement of these laws? 1. The business tactics of industrialists 2. The use of vertical integration 3. The ruling of the Supreme Court 4. The theory of Socail Darwinism

29 Justice Harlan used this reasoning for what purpose? 1. To celebrate American democracy 2. To justify democracy 3. To denounce the “separate-but- equal” argument 4. To demonstrate the equality before the law is not practical “We boast of the freedom enjoyed by our people above all other peoples. But it is difficult to reconcile that boast with a state of the law which, practically, puts the brand of servitude and degradation upon a large class of our fellow-citizens, our equals before the law.” -Justice John Harlan in the dissenting opinion in Plessy v. Ferguson

30 The muckrakers served Progressivism by- 1. Informing people about abuses so that they could protest 2. Enacting legislation to prevent political corruption 3. Cleaning up unhealthy meat processing plants 4. Filing and prosecuting antitrust lawsuits.


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