Lesson Objectives At the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to :- (1)identify the achievements of the ancient Roman civilisation (2)identify at least one legacy of ancient Rome (3)work effectively in pairs / groups (4)value the triumph of human ingenuity and resourcefulness
Tuning In Activities Activity 1 Craft : Creation of the Roman Helmet
Tuning In Activities Activity 2 Source-based discussion : The Myth of Rome - Romolus & Remus Discussion Questions 1) Based on the BBC article, do you still think the story of Romolus & Remus is a myth? 2) What does this source tell you about the Romans? 3) How do archaeological findings affect our understanding of the past?
Tuning In Activities Activity 3 DVD : ‘Ancient Civilizations for Children – Ancient Rome’
Tuning In Activities Activity 4 1)K-W-L worksheet 2)Timeline worksheet
ROME – a brief introduction The “Eternal City” Vast Empire Ruled as a Republic, then later by Emperors Famous leaders: Julius Caesar, Augustus, Nero Brilliance in all aspects of Civilisation Yet also famous for brutality and wasteful luxury Continues to intrigue and influence us today
Roman Empire at its largest Which modern day countries do you see in the Roman Empire?
The Roman Army One of the most successful militaries in history Ensured that Rome could create a vast empire Aided by good roads and bridges built by Rome
“Civis Romanus Sum” “I am a Roman Citizen” The proudest boast in the ancient world Gave rights and privileges throughout the Empire E.g. voting and legal protection Rome allowed people from all parts of its Empire to become citizens Hence conquered people could join the Roman government – increased loyalty to Rome Non-Romans joined the Army despite the risk of death – on retirement, they got citizenship
Links to other civilisations Greece – biggest influence on Rome ▫Conquered by Rome but admired by Romans ▫Shaped Roman religion, philosophy, government, art Egypt – absorbed into Roman Empire ▫Emperor Augustus defeated Cleopatra VII (last ruler of Egypt) in 31 BC – end of Egyptian civilisation China and India ▫Rome traded with both of these civilisations ▫Romans were obsessed with Chinese silk; Chinese also desired Roman glassware ▫Roman coins were found in India ▫Wild animals (e.g. tigers) brought from India for Roman arena shows to fight gladiators
Fall of Rome Over time, Rome became corrupt and addicted to luxurious living In AD 476, Rome was destroyed by a barbarian invasion Many theories for the decline and fall of Rome Beginning of the “Dark Ages” in Europe Loss of a powerful central government, advanced education, great building projects and trade for a long period
Reflect! Would you expect Rome to fall in the way it did? What lessons can you learn from this?
Passport to ROME Making use of Google Maps “Street View”, we will enter at least 3 famous places in Rome ▫Colosseum ▫Pantheon ▫Roman Forum ▫Baths of Caracalla ▫Park of the Aqueducts You will spend about 10 minutes exploring each place
Passport to ROME Tips : 1)The Colosseum is the easiest to ‘enter’ and the clearest. Go where your heart desires! 2)When visiting the Pantheon, don’t forget to shift the cursor up to see the ‘hole in the ceiling’ 3)Unfortunately, you can only view the Ruins of the Roman Forum behind the fences
Other places to explore Tiber River – note its position in the city of Rome Pont du Gard (a huge 3-tier aqueduct in France)
What do these places tell us? ALL show the brilliance of Roman engineering Colosseum ▫The Romans loved violent sports at the expense of human lives ▫Emperors sponsored such games for popularity and to distract people from hardships Pantheon ▫The Romans revered their gods highly Forum ▫Rome was a place of complex government and commerce
What do these places tell us? Aqueducts ▫The Romans were obsessed with clean water and went to great lengths to supply it ▫The River Tiber has poor quality water Baths of Caracalla ▫The Romans loved leisure and socialising in a luxurious place ▫Wealthy Romans could afford to spend their time in this way
Conclusion The ancient Romans were largely influenced by the ancient Greeks ~ change & continuity from one civilisation to another Similar to the ancient Greeks, the ancient Romans influenced thinking, architecture, the arts and sciences and the lives of many people who lived throughout the Roman empire. With respect to the 7 features of a civilisation, ancient Rome is defined as a ‘civilisation’ (1)city (2)sophisticated arts (3)knowledge of Math & Science (4)division of labour (5)writing (6)government (7)sophisticated architecture