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Part One Preparation 1. Word Association 2. Why Do People Travel ? 3. Quotations About Travel.

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Presentation on theme: "Part One Preparation 1. Word Association 2. Why Do People Travel ? 3. Quotations About Travel."— Presentation transcript:

1 Part One Preparation 1. Word Association 2. Why Do People Travel ? 3. Quotations About Travel

2 Part One: Preparation >> Word Association Word Association Work in groups. Write as many words related to travel as you can.

3 Part One: Preparation >> Word Association excursion, tour, trip, journey, voyage, crossing, flight, picnic, exploratory trip, package tour, … bus, coach, boat, ship, train, plane, bike, … Varieties of travel Means of transportation

4 Part One: Preparation >> Word Association places of interest, scenic spots, historic sites, museum, beach, resort, mountain, natural wonders, … Tourist attractions Entertainment activities skating, skiing, water-skiing, surfing, wind-surfing, sailing, kayaking, diving, sunbathing, fishing, horse-back riding, mountaineering expedition, …

5 Part One: Preparation >> Word Association Things to take backpack (rucksack), luggage, suitcase, (video) camera, food, money, foreign exchange, traveler’s check, cash, currency, credit card, map, passport, visa, itinerary, phrase book, guidebook, tent, sleeping bag, compass, telescope, airfare, train ticket, …

6 Where to stay Part One: Preparation >> Word Association Other words about travel travel agency, travel bureau, travel agent, tourist group, travel accident insurance, tourism, guide, route, landmark, natives, scenery, landscape, souvenir,… hotel, inn, motel, youth hostel, campsite (campground AmE), mountain refuge, pub, B&B (bed and breakfast), …

7 Part One: Preparation >> Why Do People Travel? Why Do People Travel ? Read the following quotations to find the reasons why these people travel. Then work in pairs and discuss other possible reasons for travel.

8 Part One: Preparation >> Why Do People Travel? 1) When you combine learning with a fun experience, you have an irresistible mixture. (From Reader’s Digest) 2) The reason you want to book packages is because packages come with components put together for you. (From “Bob Kaufman at Apple Vacation”) 3) The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page. (St. Augustine) Quotations for travel

9 Part One: Preparation >> Why Do People Travel? Sample 1) They would like to experience something new when traveling and learn from the experience. 2) They would like to have a comfortable journey and enjoy the convenience offered by a package tour. 3) They would like to see the world and to understand different cultures. Reasons:

10 Part One: Preparation >> Why Do People Travel? — To marvel at the wonder of Great Nature. — To experience something unfamiliar. — To escape from a boring lifestyle. — To have a change. — To be fashionable and follow suit. — To leave a fond memory for later reflection. — To have thorough relaxation. — To expand/broaden one’s horizons. — To know the history of some places. — To learn about the special flavor of a certain culture. Other possible reasons for travel:

11 Part One: Preparation >> Why Do People Travel? — To enjoy life to its fullest. — To share romance with one’s beloved. — To enjoy the serenity of pastoral life. — To expect a miracle. — To fulfill the curiosity for something exotic. — To challenge the extremes of one’s life. — To experience something one learned from books or somewhere else. — To kill time. — To make new friends. — To have a second chance. — To free oneself from prejudice.

12 Part One: Preparation >> Quotations for travel Quotations About Travel ● Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。 ● A blind man who leans against a wall imagines that it’s the boundary of the world. 坐井观天。 ● He that travels far, knows much. 游历远,见识渊。 ● With Latin, a horse, and money, you may travel the world. 有马有钱有学问,独自一人走天下。 ● A smooth sea never made a skilled mariner. 平静的海洋练不出熟练的水手。

13 ● Better to ask the way than go astray. 问路比迷路强。 ● Custom is the guide of the ignorant. 习俗是无知者的向导。 ● Cheerful company shortens the miles. 旅有好旅伴,不觉行程远。 ● Travel, in the younger sort, is a part of education; in the elder, a part of experience. —Lord Francis Bacon 旅行,于年轻人是教育,于成年人是经验。 —— 弗兰西斯 · 培根 Part One: Preparation >> Quotations for travel

14 ● Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one's lifetime. —Mark Twain Part One: Preparation >> Quotations for travel

15 ● … nothing so liberalizes a man and expands the kindly instincts that nature put in him as travel and contact with many kinds of people. — Mark Twain End of Part1 Go to Part 2 Part One: Preparation >> Quotations for travel

16 Part Two Reading-Centered Activities 1. In-Class Reading 2. After-Class Reading

17 In-Class Reading Transformative Travel Global Reading Detailed Reading Post-Reading Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Pre-reading

18 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Pre-Reading Pre-reading Dream Trips in My Life Background Information

19 The Introduction of Aruba Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Pre-Reading Background: Discovered and claimed by Spain in 1499, Aruba was acquired by the Dutch in Aruba seceded from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous member of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Movement toward full independence was halted at Aruba's request in Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea Area : 193 sq km; slightly larger than Washington, DC Background Information

20 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Pre-Reading Population: 71,218 (July 2004) Climate: tropical marine; little seasonal temperature variation Nationality: n. Aruban(s) adj. Aruban; Dutch Ethnic groups: mixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80% Languages: Dutch (official), Papiamento (a Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English dialect), English (widely spoken), Spanish Economy-overview: Tourism is the mainstay of the small open Aruban economy, with offshore banking and oil refining and storage also important.

21 Work in pairs and tell each other three places where you would make your dream trips if you had the time and money. Explain your reasons for your choice. Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Pre-Reading Dream Trips in My Life

22 If I had money and time, I would make my dream trips first to Greece, next to Paris and then to Austria. I choose Greece first because I’m very much interested in ancient Greek civilization and I am longing for a visit to the Parthenon, the most important and characteristic monument of Greek civilization. Paris is my second choice because it is a romantic city and the heaven for artists. Paris is known as the “City of Lights” for its world-renowned beauty and charm. The Louvre, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world, is located on the right bank of the Seine River. The Eiffel Tower, the Notre Dame Cathedral and the Palace of Versailles are all attractive places of interest. Sample Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Pre-Reading

23 I choose Austria out of my love for classical music. The Land of Music is a name often given to Austria, the hometown of many world-famous classical musicians such as the Strauss family, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Franz Schubert. Hopefully, my dream will come true some day. As you can see, all these places are located in Europe and it won’t cost too much to visit them and it won’t take too long before I can save enough to cover the expenses. Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Pre-Reading

24 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading Global Reading Organization Analysis Summary

25 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading Organization Analysis Part I Part II (para. 1-3) (para. 4-6) I felt like a wreck for I was dissatisfied with my job and my engagement. I traveled to Aruba to transform myself. Part III Part IV (para. 7-14) (para. 15) My trip to Aruba started a number of processes of self-change. I would continue going on transformative trips to keep my growth in the future. >> More >> More >> More

26 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading para. 1 Part I (para. 1-3) I felt like a wreck and was at a loss. para. 2 para. 3 I felt trapped in the job and the engagement because of the fantasy of being a successful and married man. On impulse, I made commitments to quit my job and end my engagement publicly.

27 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading Part II (para. 4-6) para. 4 para. 5 para. 6 I had mixed feelings about the two commitments I made publicly and then I booked a trip to Aruba. I wanted a clean break in order to think clearly where I was headed. When I was in Aruba I had the peace and quiet to sort out my thoughts and I had the chance to change myself.

28 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading Part III (para.7-14) para. 7 para. 8 para. 9 para. 10 My trip to Aruba was worthwhile and it started a number of processes to transform myself. I created mindset that made me ready for change. I insulated myself from the usual influences in my life and the people whose approval was most important. I structured my life in order to produce change and growth.

29 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading para. 11 para. 12 para. 13 para. 14 I pushed myself to experiment with new ways of being. I made public commitments of what I intended to do, so it would be harder to back down. I processed my experiences systematically. I made changes when I returned that continued the transformation that started while I was in Aruba.

30 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading Summary Complete the summary of the text with the appropriate words in the box. Change the form where necessary. There is one word which does not fit in any of the blanks.

31 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Global Reading Dissatisfied with both my job and my 1) __________, I went on a trip to the little island of Aruba to transform myself by 2) _________ myself from the usual 3) _________. With all my heart, I 4) __________ my time for the tasks carefully 5) _______ and pushed myself to try new ways of living. 6) ________ that I backed down, I made public promises of what I planned to do. All of my experiences were well 7) ________ for examination and improvement. Finally when I returned I kept making 8) ________ that continued the transformation started in Aruba. As I had 9) ________ much from the trip, I would 10) _______ making transformative trips to continue my growth. engagement separatinginfluences arranged chosen In case processed changes benefited go on go on head for in case benefit engagement arrange influence change choose process separate

32 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading Detailed Reading Passage Reading Understanding Sentences Word Study Group Discussion

33 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading Word Study commitment n. 1. [C] a promise to do something 承诺,保证 1) Are you ready to make a long-term commitment? 2) Our company has a commitment to quality and customer service. 2. [U] state of being devoted to something 致力,献身于 1) I was impressed by the commitment and energy shown by the players. 2) We’re looking for someone with a real sense of commitment to the job.

34 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading commit v. 1. say you will do something commit sb./oneself (to sth./to doing sth.) 向某人 / 自己保证 1) He has clearly committed his government to continuing down the path of economic reform. 2) The banks have committed themselves to boosting profits by slashing costs. 2. do something wrong or illegal 做,犯 commit murder/rape/arson/adultery/a crime, etc 1) Women commit fewer crimes than men. 2) commit suicide (=to kill yourself deliberately) Back to the text cf.

35 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading transition n. something changes from one form/state to another 转变;过渡 1) We need to ensure a smooth transition between the old system and the new one. 2) Making the transition from the youth to adulthood can be very painful. 3) He will remain head of state during the period of transition to democracy. 4) This course is useful for students who are in transition (=in the process of changing) from one training program to another. Back to the text

36 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading transform v. completely change the appearance, form or character of something/somebody 完全改变某事物/人的外观或特性 transform sth./sb. (from sth.) (into sth.) 1) The company has been transformed from a family business to a multi-million-pound operation. 2) In only 20 years the country has been transformed into an advanced industrial power. 3) A steam engine transforms heat into power.

37 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading transformation n. a complete change in somebody/something (外观或性质的) 改变,转变 transformation (from sth.) (to/into sth.) 1) His character seems to have undergone a complete transformation since his marriage. 2) What a transformation! You look great! Back to the text cf.

38 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading break n. [singular] discontinuation or end of a relationship 中止或断绝关 系 1) He was beginning to regret his break with the Labor Party. Back to the text 2) It was years before I plucked up enough courage to make a clean break and leave him.

39 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading reach v. communicate with (somebody), esp. by telephone 与(某人) 联系 ; (尤指) 给(某人)打电话 1) Do you know where I can reach him? 2) I can’t reach him by phone/on the phone. 3) You can reach her on this phone number. Back to the text

40 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading pay off 1. pay sth. off to give someone all the money you owe them 全部偿还; 偿清 I’ll pay off all my debts first. 2. pay off [no object] (of a risky policy, course of action, etc.) bring good result; be successful; work (尤指冒风险的政策、做法等)带来好结 果,成功,行得通 Teamwork paid off.

41 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading 3. pay sb. off to pay someone their wages and tell them no longer have a job 付清某人工资予以解雇 The company paid off as many workers as it could before bankruptcy. 4. pay sb. off to pay someone not to say anything about something illegal or dishonest 贿赂某人;用钱收买某人使之不做某 事 All the witnesses had been paid off. Back to the text

42 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading horizon n. 1. on the horizon to seem likely to happen in the future 即将发生的;临近的 1) Business is good now, but there are a few problems on the horizon. 2) There’s trouble looming on the horizon. 2. the horizon the line far away where the land or sea seems to meet the sky 地平线 1) The sun sank below the horizon. 2) We could see a ship on the horizon.

43 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading 3. horizons (pl) the limit of your ideas, knowledge, and experience (知识﹑经 验﹑兴趣等的) 范围,见识,眼界 broaden/expand sb.’s horizons 1) The company needs new horizons now. Back to the text 2) She wanted to travel to broaden her horizons.

44 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading insulate v. 1. to keep someone apart from particular experiences or influences, especially unpleasant ones 使某人 / 某物与不良 影响隔绝 1) The royal family tried to insulate him from the prying eyes of the media. 2) Until now the industry has been insulated from economic realities.

45 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading 2. to cover or protect something with a material that stops electricity, sound, heat, etc. from getting in or out (使事物) 隔离或绝缘(尤指对热量、电流或声音) 1) Pipes may need insulating from/against the cold. Back to the text 2) Home owners are being encouraged to insulate their homes to save energy.

46 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading approval n. 1. when a plan/decision is officially accepted 批准;同意 1) The president has already given/granted his approval to the plan. 2) We received/obtained official approval to go ahead with the project. 2. favorable opinion or judgment 赞成;认可 1) I hope that the arrangements meet with your approval. 2) His ideas have won widespread public approval. 3) Children are always seeking approval from their parents. Back to the text

47 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading elicit v. to succeed in getting information or a reaction from someone, especially when this is difficult 从某人处引诱出,探出(事实, 反应等) 1) When her knock elicited no response, she opened the door and peeped in. 2) The test uses pictures to elicit words from the child. Back to the text

48 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading being n. [U] existence 存在 2) Do you know how Mount Fuji came into being? Back to the text 1) What is the purpose of our being?

49 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading sample vt. 1. to try a small amount of food; to experience something for a short time 品尝,尝试,体验 1) You should sample the local food. 2) Once you’ve sampled the pleasures/delights of country life, you won’t want to live in the city. 2. to test part of something or a group of people in order to find out what the rest is like 抽样调查 Twelve percent of the children sampled said they preferred dogs to cats.

50 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading sample n. [C] 1. a small amount of product that people can try in order to find out what it is like 样品,货样 1) As part of their advertising campaign, they distributed samples of the new shampoo. 2) “I’d like to see a sample of your work”, said the manager. 2. a small amount of a substance taken and tested to obtain information about the substance (化验的)样本,取样, 标本 1) The doctor took the blood sample of the patient. 2) Samples of the water contained pesticide.

51 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading 3. a small group of people who have been chosen from a larger group to give information or answers to questions 被抽样调查的人 1) The sample consisted of 98 secondary school teachers. 2) Out of random sample of drivers, 21% had been in an accident in the previous year. Back to the text

52 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading reinforce v. 1. to make a feeling, an idea, etc. stronger 加强;给(某事 物)更多的支持 1) His behavior reinforced my admiration of him. 2) The film reinforces the idea that women should be pretty and dumb. 2. to make a structure, material or an army stronger 加固; 增加军事力量 1) All buildings are now reinforced to withstand earthquakes. 2) The US has undertaken to reinforce its military presence along the borders. Back to the text

53 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading back down (BrE); back off (AmE) to admit that you are wrong or that you have lost an argument 放弃,认输,打退堂鼓 1) When presented with the evidence, the suspect backed down. 2) The government backed down on/from the proposal to cut the defense budget. Back to the text

54 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading perspective n. [C] a particular way of thinking about something 视角,观点 1) His father’s death gave him a whole new perspective on life. 2) Our work in Uganda and Romania adds a wider/broader perspective. Back to the text 3) The novel Harry Potter is written from a child’s perspective.

55 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading incorporate v. 1. to include something as part of a group, system, plan etc. 包括; 合并;吸收 1) We’ve incorporated many environmentally-friendly features into/in the designs of the building. 2) Many of your suggestions have been incorporated into/in the plan. 2. to form a legal corporation 组成公司 1) We had to incorporate the company for tax reasons. 2) He decided to incorporate his business. Back to the text

56 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading dimension n. a part of a situation or a quality involved in it 方面;侧面 add a new/an extra/another dimension (to sth.) 1) It is important to keep in mind the historical dimension to these issues. Back to the text 2) The baby had added a new dimension to their lives.

57 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading Directions: Work in groups to discuss the following questions. What do you think of transformative travel? Do you think it could be helpful? If so, in what way? What are the disadvantages of transformative travel? Can you think of any other ways to help people make changes in their lives? What are they? Which way do you think is the most effective and economical? Group Discussion

58 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading Sample I think it’s interesting and effective. Any change in scenery or surroundings can be beneficial. Yet it is too expensive, too self-centered and too time-consuming. Isolating oneself from one’s friends and family doesn’t seem to be the best way for transformation to take place. Anyway, one has to get back to their friends and family who are important to their life and happiness.

59 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Detailed Reading Sample Other possible ways to make changes: — to do new and different things (sports, reading, painting); — to do things to help other people; — to look for a new job; — to find a new hobby. I think the most effective way is to help other people.

60 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading Post-Reading Nouns or Verbs Word Formation Translation

61 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading Nouns or Verbs Directions: The words in the box can be used either as nouns or verbs. Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word. The words can be used twice. Change the form if necessary. book process sample value structure trap appeal end 1. Winning the competition put a(n) _________ to his financial problems. 2. She has _________ a table for four at their favorite restaurant. 3. Jack left the job after ten years because he was beginning to feel _________. end trapped booked

62 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading book process sample value structure trap appeal end 4. It is not enough just to have ________ learning. 5. Our conversation ________ with him saying he would try to be more understanding. 6. Does the idea of working abroad ________ to you? 7. Hopefully, the thief will fall right into our ________. 8. The new name was meant to give the party greater public ________. 9. Please bring some ________ of your work to the interview. 10. The chemical _________ of this particular molecule ( 分 子 ) is very unusual. samples appeal trap ended book structure

63 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading book process sample value structure trap appeal end 11. His contribution was of little or no practical ________. 12. They _________ the program to reach all ages. 13. We __________ a selection of different bottled waters. 14. My new laptop ( 笔记本电脑 ) can _________ information much more quickly than my old one. 15. The bank ________ the house at less than the price the seller was asking. 16. Increasing the number of women in top management jobs will be a slow _________. value structured process valued sampled

64 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading Word Formation Directions: Study each pair of sentences and fill in each of the blanks with the appropriate form of the word given. Pay attention to the part of speech of the word you use. 1) empty A. I _________ out my bag to find my keys. B. The isolation and _________ of her life is typical of what many Asian women in Britain face. 2) terrify A. She’s __________ that her mother might find out her secret. B. I still find it _________ to find myself surrounded by large numbers of horses. emptied emptiness terrified terrifying

65 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading 3) entertain A. His books aren’t always well-written, but they are always ___________. B. This season’s ____________ includes five new plays and several concerts of Chinese and Indian music. 4) introduce A. Your report should include an ___________ chapter that explains the objectives of your research. B. Any ___________ of a new product into the marketplace has to be carefully planned. introduction introductory entertainment entertaining

66 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading 5) employ A. We have _________ a market researcher to find out what people really want from cable TV. B. How long have you been looking for ___________? 6) transform A. The reorganization will _________ the British entertainment industry. B. In recent years the film industry has undergone a complete _____________. employed employment transformation transform

67 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading 7) convince A. I wasn’t _________ at all by his arguments of the truth of what she was saying. B. I didn’t find the ending of the film very ___________. 8) approve A. She looked at her son with ________. B. I don’t _________ of smoking in public places. convinced approval approve convincing

68 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading 9) isolate A. A high wall ________ the house from the rest of the village. B. After all the guests had left, she experienced a feeling of complete _________. 10) reinforce A. I am sure that this meeting will contribute to the ____________ of peace and security all over the world. B. Conclusions from the report have been _________ by more recent studies. isolation reinforced reinforcement isolates

69 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the expressions in the brackets. 1) 我没料想到上演一个剧本需要这么多的工作。 (involve) I didn’t realize putting on/staging a play involved so much work. 2) 最重要的不是你说的,而是你做的。 ( … not that… but that… ) The most important thing is not what you say but what you do.

70 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading 4) 你不是第一次处于这种情形。 (find oneself…) It isn’t the first time that you’ve found yourself in such a situation. 5) 这个困难促使我动脑筋找出答案。 (challenge) This difficulty challenges my mind to find an answer. 6) 将要出现的新的威胁是失业。 (on the horizon, unemployment) The new threat on the horizon is unemployment. This is the best result that can be expected in such circumstances. 3) 在这样的情况下,这个结果是所能期待的最好的。 (in such circumstances)

71 Part Two: In-Class Reading >> Post-Reading He slipped into the old habit of drinking. 8) 他喝酒的老毛病又犯了。 (slip into) We have alternative ways of expressing the same idea. 7) 我们有不同的方法表达同样的想法。 (alternative) End of In-Class Reading Go to After-Class Reading

72 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> After-Class Reading Passage I Passage II The Romance of Train Travel Aruba

73 Comprehending the passage Organization Analysis Words and Expressions Key Sentences Main Points Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I The Romance of Train Travel Passage I

74 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I Comprehending the Passage Answer the following questions as fully as possible. 1. What is the common goal shared by carmakers, airline owners, and the planners of mass transit systems? The goal is to provide the passengers with faster and faster ways to reach their destinations. 2. Why does a train whistle evoke a feeling of nostalgia? Because it makes people remember a thriller that took place on a train.

75 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 3. Why was “Orient Express” so well-known? Because it carried royalty, the rich, spies, and dangerous international criminals. It was the scene of mystery, crime and often history. 4. What happened to “Orient Express” after WWII? What kind of train does it become now? It went out of business after WWII. Now it is restored and offers luxury. 5. What does the trip in “Trans-Siberian Special” offer to its passengers? The trip offers a daily lecture in which an expert explains Russian history and culture to passengers.

76 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 6. Who would probably be attracted by a typical journey on “Mystery Express”? People who have always wanted to play a role in an Agatha Christie play or a Sherlock Holmes detective novel. 7. Why is “Toy Train” appealing to passengers? Because it travels through rich, luxurious forests with flowers, trees and various birds. 8. Which is the most unusual Indian train according to the passage? It is “The Great Indian Rover”.

77 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I Organization Analysis Part One (para. 1) Part Two (para. 2) High speed of the modern travel is a distinguishing characteristic of the modern world. People have a sense of nostalgia for the slower pace of life.

78 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I Part Three (para. 3) Part Four (para. 4-9) People have a feeling of nostalgia for the train travel because of its romance. Seven tours by train are available for the travelers who enjoy romance of the past. >> More

79 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I Part Four (para. 4-9) para. 4 para. 5 para. 6 “Orient Express” offers adventure for its passengers in the past but now it offers luxury. “Trans-Siberian Special” offers opportunities to go sightseeing and to get some cultural experience for its passengers. “Mystery Express” provides its passengers with entertainment in the form of a mystery game.

80 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I para. 7 para. 8 para. 9 “Toy Train” travels through luxurious forests of India and enables passengers to see a variety of beautiful things. “Palace on Wheels” is for travelers with more time and money because its luxurious cars used to belong to an Indian prince. “Great Indian Rover” is for travelers who are interested in religion.

81 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I transit >> transit >> bring on >> bring on >> sightseeing >> sightseeing >> board >> board >> take advantage of >> take advantage of >> once in a while >> once in a while >> figure out >> figure out >> tell of >> tell of >> Words and Expressions

82 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I transit n. [U] 1. a system of public transportation 交通系统 ● The government promised to improve public transit. ● mass transit system 大运力的公共交通系统 2. the process of being moved or carried from one place to another 载运;运输 ● The luggage is damaged in transit (=while it is being moved).

83 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I (every) once in a while occasionally; from time to time; now and then 偶尔; 间或 ● Once in a while we go to a restaurant — but usually we eat at home. ● I do get a little anxious every once in a while.

84 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I bring sth. on to make something develop, usually something unpleasant 导致 , 造成或引起某事物 ● The bright lights brought on a crushing headache? ● He was suffering from stress brought on by overwork.

85 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I tell of to describe an event or person 讲述;描述 ● That notice told of the proposed job cuts. ● The poem tells of the deeds of a famous warrior.

86 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I take advantage of sth./sb. 1. to make use of something well; to make use of an opportunity 充分利用 ● We took advantage of the hotel facilities. ● She took advantage of the children’s absence to tidy their rooms. 2. to make use of somebody/something in a way that is unfair or dishonest (为达到个人目的而不正当地或不老实地)利 用某人或某事 ● Don’t lend them the car—they are taking advantage of you! ● You took unfair advantage of our friendship.

87 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I board v. 1. (formal) to get on a bus, plane, train etc. in order to travel somewhere 上(公共汽车、飞机、火车、船等)去某 地 ● The couple boarded the train for New York. ● Passengers were standing on the dock, waiting to board. 2. be boarding if a plane or ship is boarding, passengers are getting onto it 可登(飞机、船等) ● Flight BA193 for Paris is now boarding at Gate 37. ● Flight 678 will board passengers.

88 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I on board n. on or in a ship, a plane, or a train 在船上;在飞机上;在 火车上 ● There are 12 children on board the ship. ● Have the soldiers gone on board yet?

89 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I figure out 1. to think about somebody/something until you understand them/it 理解某人/某事物;弄明白 ● Women, I just can’t figured them out. ● I can figure out how to do this. 2. to calculate an amount or the cost of something 计算出 ● Have you figure out how much the trip will cost?

90 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I sightseeing n. [U] when you visit famous or interesting places, especially as tourists 观光;游览 ● She swam and sunbathed, went sightseeing and relaxed. ● Did you have a chance to do any sightseeing? sightseer n. [C] someone, especially a tourist, who is visiting a famous or interesting place 观光客;游人 ● Oxford attracts large number of visitors and sightseers. cf.

91 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 1. There’s a sense of romance about a train that simply doesn’t exist on a modern jet plane. Translation Paraphrase Comments Examples 有一种关于火车的浪漫情愫是在现代喷气式飞机上根 本不存在的。 There’s an air of romance about a train which absolutely doesn’t exist on a modern jet plane. The attributive clause “that simply doesn’t exist on a modern jet plane” modifies the noun “romance”. The word “simply” means “completely, absolutely”. ● His pronunciation is simply terrible! Key Sentences

92 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 2. Soon after that, however, an American businessman began to buy the old “Orient Express” cars and fix them up. Paraphrase Comments Examples 然而没过多久,一个美国商人着手购买并整修了老 “ 东 方快车 ” 的车厢。 However, soon after that, an American businessman began to purchase, decorate and repair the carriages of the old “Orient Express”. Here the word “car” refers to “train carriage” ( 火车 车厢 ). The pronoun “them” refers to “the cars”. The phrase “fix sth.up” means “to decorate or repair something”. ● We fixed up the guest bedroom before my parents came to stay. Translation

93 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 3. In addition, there is a bonus on this trip; this extra advantage is a daily lecture on board the train in which an expert explains Russian history and culture to the passengers. Paraphrase 除此以外,这趟旅行还有一个意外收获,就是车上每 天有讲座,由一位专家向旅客讲解俄罗斯历史和文化。 Besides, there is a bonus on this trip; the extra benefit is that an expert gives a daily lecture on board to explain Russian history and culture to the passengers. Translation

94 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I Comments Examples The attributive clause “in which an expert explains Russian history and culture to the passengers” modifies the noun “lecture”. The noun “advantage” in this sentence is an uncountable noun which means “benefit or profit” ( 益处;利益 ). ● There is little advantage in buying a dictionary if you can’t read. ● It will be to your advantage to study Chinese.

95 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 4. On this six-day tour from Calcutta, passengers travel to a town in Nepal, where Buddha was born, and also to the place where Prince Gautama sat under the bodhi tree and became Buddha. Comments 在这趟从加尔各答出发为期 6 天的旅行中,旅客们会 去尼泊尔的一个小镇,那里是佛陀的出生之地,还会 去乔达摩王子在菩提树下修炼成佛的地方。 Notice the two attributive clauses used in this sentence. The non-restrictive attributive clause “where Buddha was born” modifies the noun “Nepal” and the restrictive attributive clause “where Prince Gautama sat under the bodhi tree and became Buddha” modifies the noun “place”. Translation

96 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I People are always on the move and the fast speed is one of the main characteristics of the modern world. The mass transit systems are fast. However, many people actually want to slow down. They have a strong sense of nostalgia for the slower pace of life of the past. There is a romance of train travel which does not exist on the modern means of transportation. Some railroad companies take advantage of people’s nostalgia for train travel to offer tours by train. Those unique tours are as follows: the tour on “Orient Express”, the tour on “Trans-Siberian Special”, the tour on “Mystery Express”, the tour on “Toy Train”, the tour on “Palace on Wheels” and the tour on “The Great Indian Rover”. Main Points

97 Comprehending the passage Organization Analysis Words and Expressions Key Sentences Main Points Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II Passage II Aruba

98 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II Answer the following questions as fully as possible. 1. What major character of the Arubans can you learn about from the passage? The Arubans are very cordial. 2. What kind of night activities can tourists take part in if they are in Aruba during the New Year’s holiday? Tourists can go to the gambling casinos and night clubs to have fun. They can also enjoy the spectacular midnight fireworks display. Comprehending the passage

99 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II 3. What daytime activities are tourists recommended to participate in while they visit Aruba? They are recommended to participate in such activities as swimming, sunbathing, diving, windsurfing, etc. 4. Why was the ship “California” so “notorious”? The ship received the distress signals of the sinking “Titanic” in that Atlantic Ocean tragedy but it failed to respond. 5. Besides the sunny beaches and night clubs, what else does Aruba boast? Aruba also boasts a fascinating history and many historic sites to show for it.

100 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II Part One (para. 1) Part Two (para. 2) The Arubans are cordial all the year round but are especially hospitable during the New Year’s holiday. Aruba has many spectacular daytime attractions. Organization Analysis

101 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II The fantastic scenery in Aruba and the cordiality of its people make it a really beautiful and precious part of the Caribbean islands. Part Four (para. 4-9) Part Three (para. 3) Aruba boasts many historic sites, natural wonders, shopping facilities and casinos for entertainment.

102 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II be descended from >> be descended from >> attraction >> attraction >> historic >> historic >> facility >> facility >> notorious >> notorious >> firework >> firework >> boast >> boast >> stretch >> stretch >> Words and Expressions

103 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II be descended from to be related to somebody who lived a long time ago 为某 人的后裔 ● He claims to be descended from the Spanish prince. ● We are descended from the kings of Ireland. descendant n. one descended from a certain ancestor; an offspring 后代 / 裔 ● He was a direct descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte. ● Many of them are descendants of the original settlers.

104 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II firework n. 1. [C] [usually plural] a small container filled with powder that burns or explodes to produce colored lights and noise in the sky 烟火 ● The boys were in the back yard setting off fireworks. 2. [spoken] display of anger, wit, etc. 愤怒、机智等的表现 ● There’ll be fireworks if I get home late again. ● Just watch the fireworks when your father catches those boys. 3. something that is exciting and impressive 令人兴奋的事情 ● If anything can produce fireworks, it is the sweetheart’s kiss or the touch of a lover’s hand.

105 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II attraction n. [C] something interesting or enjoyable to see or do 有吸引力的 事物 ● The beautiful beaches are the island’s main attraction (=most popular place, activity, etc.). ● Buckingham Palace is a major tourist attraction (=a place that many tourists visit).

106 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II stretch v. to straighten your arms, legs, or body to full length 伸展(四 肢);伸懒腰 ● Sally sat up in bed, yawned, and stretched. ● Always stretch before exercising. ● He stretched out his arm to take the book. ● She stretched her neck up.

107 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II notorious adj. famous or well-known for something bad 臭名昭著的;声 名狼藉的 ● The bar has become notorious as a meeting-place for drug dealers. ● The country is notorious for its appalling prison conditions.

108 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II facility n. rooms, equipment, or services that are provided for a particular purpose 设施 ● sports/leisure facilities ● shopping/banking/cooking facilities ● The hotel has special facilities for welcoming disabled people. ● All rooms have private facilities (=a private bathroom).

109 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II boast v. 1. (not used in the progressive tenses) (written) to have something that is impressive and that you can be proud of 有(引以为荣的事物) ● The hotel also boasts two swimming pools and a golf course. 2. to talk with too much pride about something that you have or can do 自夸;自吹自擂 ● She is always boasting about how wonderful her children are. ● He openly boasted of his skill as a burglar.

110 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II historic adj. 1. a historic place or building is very old 古旧的 ● The government funded the restoration of those historic buildings. ● There are many scenic spots and historic sites in this city. 2. a historic event or act is very important and will be recorded as part of the history 历史性的;有历史意义的 ● That is a historic meeting of world leaders. ● “It is a historic moment”, he told journalists.

111 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II cf. historical adj. 1. relating to the past 历史 ( (上)的 ● It is important to look at the novel in its historical context. ● We should know about the historical background to the war. 2. connected to the study of history 以对历史的研究为基础 的;依据历史科学的 ● I have been doing some historical research. ● We have no historical evidence for it. 3. historical events, facts, people etc. happened or existed in the past 真实的,有史可记的 ● Was King Arthur a real historical figure?

112 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II bet n. [C] 1. an agreement to risk money on the result of a race, game, competition etc. 赌博 ● A few of us had a bet on who’d get married first. ● If he scores now, I’ll win/lose my bet. 2. money that you risk on a bet 赌注 ● I’ve got a $ 10 bet on the National. ● We placed/put /laid bet on three horses.

113 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 1. A spectacular midnight fireworks display will add to the celebration and musicians will walk from house to house singing good-luck greetings for the New Year. Comments 壮观的午夜烟花表演也增添了庆典的气氛。音乐家们 还会走家串户,唱贺新年。 In this sentence the present participle phrase “singing good-luck greetings for the New Year” acts as the adverbial modifier. Examples ● They sat in front of their house laughing and chatting. Translation Key Sentences

114 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 2. Divers will marvel at one of the Caribbean’s largest shipwrecks, a 400-foot World War II German freighter that was abandoned by its crew and later sank off one of the famous beaches. Comments 那儿还有一艘加勒比海最大的失事船,会让潜水者们 感到惊诧不已;这艘二战时期的德国货船长 400 英尺, 被船员们遗弃后在一个著名的海滩附近沉没。 Notice that “a 400-foot World War II German freighter… the famous beaches” is in apposition to “one”. And the noun “freighter” is modified by an attributive clause “that was abandoned by its crew and later sank off one of the famous beaches”. Translation

115 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II Examples The other two sentences in which apposition is used in this passage are as follows: ♦ Experienced divers will want to explore the notorious “California”, the only ship that received the sinking “Titanic”’s distress signals in that Atlantic Ocean tragedy. ♦ The Natural Bridge, a dramatic coral structure 100 feet long and rising 25 feet above sea level, is also a favorite scene along the northern coast road.

116 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 3. Aruba also has many sports facilities for sailing, deep-sea fishing, water-skiing, golf, tennis, horseback riding, and less demanding activities like shuffle-board, table tennis, and countless board and card games. Comments 阿鲁巴岛上还有许多运动设施,可进行帆船、深海钓 鱼、滑水、高尔夫、网球、骑马等运动,还可进行不 太剧烈的运动,如打圆盘游戏、乒乓球以及数不清的 棋牌类游戏的。 The main structure of this long sentence is “Aruba has many sports facilities”. The word “for” is used to show purpose or function and it is followed by many nouns such as “sailing, deep- sea fishing… and activities”. The word “like” here means “such as; for example”. Translation

117 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II Examples ● Are you learning English for pleasure or for your work? ● She likes to run for exercise. ● Things like glass, paper, and plastic can all be recycled. ● Try to avoid fatty foods like cakes and biscuits.

118 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage I 4. Win or lose, a person is always lucky while visiting the fantastic island of Aruba! Paraphrase Comments Examples 无论输赢,在游览迷人的阿鲁巴岛时人们永远是非常 幸运的。 The phrase “win or lose” is an informal expression which means “no matter whether you win or lose”. No matter whether a person wins or loses, he is always lucky while visiting the fantastic island of Aruba! ● Win or lose, I love competitive sports. Translation

119 Part Two: After-Class Reading >> Passage II Aruba is a beautiful island in the center of the Caribbean Sea. The Arubans are very cordial and offer a warm welcome to visitors all year round but show unusual hospitality during the New Year’s holiday. Aruba has many daytime attractions such as the beautiful sunny beaches, The WWII German freighter, the notorious “California”, the magnificent reefs, etc. Aruba also provides many sports facilities. Besides, it boasts many historic sites and natural wonders. Aruba is a shopper’s paradise because there are wonderful boutiques and duty-free stores in Aruba. Visitors can go to the gambling casinos for entertainment, too. Aruba is a true jewel in the crown of Caribbean islands. End of Part2 Go to Part 3 Main Points


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