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The Early Middle Ages 7 th to the 10 th Century Roman Empire Decline German Invasions Affecting Artistic Development and Other Radical Changes in Social.

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Presentation on theme: "The Early Middle Ages 7 th to the 10 th Century Roman Empire Decline German Invasions Affecting Artistic Development and Other Radical Changes in Social."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Early Middle Ages 7 th to the 10 th Century Roman Empire Decline German Invasions Affecting Artistic Development and Other Radical Changes in Social & Political Organizations In addition to the German invasions were those from Islam.

2 Islamic Art  Idolatry forbidden  Consisted mainly of abstracts, floral patterns, or other geometric objects  Sculpture almost nonexistent  Abundance of monumental architecture & architectural decorations

3 Islamic Art Expressions  Mosque: A place to pray and face towards Mecca Sahn: enclosed courtyard that all mosques have. Qibla: prayer wall Mihrab: small nitche to indicate the direction of Mecca.  Exterior: Tall minarets Large and elaborate Hagia Sophia changed into a mosque

4 Islam  Islam means “submission to God’s will”  Founded by the prophet Muhammed  Message is “brotherhood of Man” & equality before God (Allah)  Differs from Christianity No priesthood, no religious hierarchy, sacraments or requirements of literagy Does include rulers and leaders in prayer

5 Islamic Instruction  Faithfully conduct their daily lives  Circumcise male infants  Pray to Allah five times a day facing Mecca.  Worship in the mosque on Fridays  Give to the poor, Fast and practice abstinence in the daylight during Ramaden  Allowed multiple wives

6 The Great Mosque, Cordoba  Mosque built in capital city  Striking example of Islamic art  Double arches first used here were duplicated in additions. (11.1,11.2, 11.3 & 11.4) Christians later turned this into a cathedral but it still conveys the original orientation of Islam.

7 Northern European Art  Influenced by the Germanic tribes  New focus on artistic and political activities  No monumental structure, paintings or sculpture was done to the constant invasions Invaders stimulated a new craft... Metalwork designs and techniques

8 Anglo-Saxon Metalwork  Purse cover from the 17 th century.  Found among a pagan ship wreckage treasures suggesting royalty  Is of gold decoration; cloisonne enamel originally on ivory or bone & dark red garnets.  Early Christian intelace designs and Near Eastern motifs SuttonHoo purse cover from East Anglia, England, 630 AD Merging animal forms suggest invasion

9 Beowulf  Earliest surviving European epic  German folklore with strong Christian morality.  A strange king child found adrift Denmark “Scyld Scefing” Famed was this Beowulf: far flew the boast of him, son of Scyld, in the Scandian lands. So becomes it a youth to quit him well with his father's friends, by fee and gift, that to aid him, aged, in after days, come warriors willing, should war draw nigh, liegemen loyal: by lauded deeds shall an earl have honor in every clan.

10 Hiberno-Saxon Art  Ireland escaped invasions at this time  St. Patrick spread Christianity throughout Ireland and for years later it became a haven for scholars, missionaries, monasteries,..  Christian art also prevailed across Ireland. Style has been called Insular and Hiberno-Saxon (Hiberno is Latin for “Ireland”)

11 Manuscript Illumination  Illuminated manuscripts produced by monks in monasteries.  Illustrated the Word of God; Visual pleasures  Used a strict unity of color and form. Crisp, clear sometines contrasting colors; flat surfaces; patterning Lion Symbol of St. John, from the Book of Durrow, After AD650. Represents St. John, Evangelist as a lion....later an eagle.

12 Carolingian Period  Book of Kells Corresponds with the crowning of Charles the Great-Roman empr.  Charlemagne ruled over the Holy Roman Empire and surrounding territories and revived culture.  Network of learning was created Latin manuscript texts...7LibArts 11.7 Tunc Crucifixerant XPI, from the Book of Kells (Matthew 27:38) Then they crucified Christ & with him two thieves

13 Manuscripts  Charlemagne’s rule involved the Roman revival of culture with manuscripts  Manuscripts worked towards development of a practical form of portable artistic and educational communication  They continued after Charlemagne’s death but more apocalyptic approach Flatter space, figures connected by geometric design rather than landscapes.

14 Revelation & the Four Symbols of Evangelsits  Revelation-last book of the New Testament  Written by St. John  John’s account of Christ’s word in his appearance to him. Visionary work with scripture, literary tradition and symbols: lion, bull, man, eagle. Lion: St. Mark; Bull: St. Luke; Man: St. Matthew, Eagle: St. John Four Evangelists, from a Carolingian Gospel Book

15 Monasteries  Each monastery: School Network for artists and scholars to communicate. Religious and Administrative Center for economic functions Communal living quarters for Monks Plans for monstery of St.Gall, Switzerland; plan placed church in the center; building around in order of importance of education

16 Ottonian Period  Charlemagne’s grandsons were ineffective rulers of the European reign & fell to invaders.  After the Vikings takeover, the Saxons crowned Otto I as Otto the Great, emperor.  Ottonian refers to rulers named Otto who worked to continue Charlemagne’s revival of Classical antiquity.

17 Major Works of the Ottonian Period  Architectural work: Benedictine abbey church of St. Michael’s  Metalwork at Hildesheim


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