Presentation on theme: "The Early Middle Ages 7th to the 10th Century Roman Empire Decline"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Early Middle Ages 7th to the 10th Century Roman Empire Decline German Invasions Affecting Artistic Development and OtherRadical Changes in Social & Political OrganizationsIn addition to the German invasions were those from Islam.
2 Islamic Art Idolatry forbidden Consisted mainly of abstracts, floral patterns, or other geometric objectsSculpture almost nonexistentAbundance of monumental architecture & architectural decorations
3 Islamic Art Expressions Mosque:A place to pray and face towards MeccaSahn: enclosed courtyard that all mosques have.Qibla: prayer wallMihrab: small nitche to indicate the direction of Mecca.Exterior:Tall minaretsLarge and elaborateHagia Sophia changed into a mosque
4 Islam Islam means “submission to God’s will” Founded by the prophet MuhammedMessage is “brotherhood of Man” & equality before God (Allah)Differs from ChristianityNo priesthood, no religious hierarchy, sacraments or requirements of literagyDoes include rulers and leaders in prayer
5 Islamic Instruction Faithfully conduct their daily lives Circumcise male infantsPray to Allah five times a day facing Mecca.Worship in the mosque on FridaysGive to the poor, Fast and practice abstinence in the daylight during RamadenAllowed multiple wives
6 The Great Mosque, Cordoba Mosque built in capital cityStriking example of Islamic artDouble arches first used here were duplicated in additions.(11.1,11.2, 11.3 & 11.4)Christians later turned this into a cathedral but it still conveys the original orientation of Islam.
7 Northern European Art Influenced by the Germanic tribes New focus on artistic and political activitiesNo monumental structure, paintings or sculpture was done to the constant invasionsInvaders stimulated a new craft. . .Metalwork designs and techniques
8 Anglo-Saxon Metalwork Purse cover from the 17th century.Found among a pagan ship wreckage treasures suggesting royaltyIs of gold decoration; cloisonne enamel originally on ivory or bone & dark red garnets.Early Christian intelace designs and Near Eastern motifsSuttonHoo purse cover from East Anglia, England, 630 ADMerging animal forms suggest invasion
9 Beowulf Earliest surviving European epic German folklore with strong Christian morality.A strange king child found adrift Denmark “Scyld Scefing”Famed was this Beowulf: far flew the boast of him, son of Scyld, in the Scandian lands. So becomes it a youth to quit him well with his father's friends, by fee and gift, that to aid him, aged, in after days, come warriors willing, should war draw nigh, liegemen loyal: by lauded deeds shall an earl have honor in every clan.
10 Hiberno-Saxon Art Ireland escaped invasions at this time St. Patrick spread Christianity throughout Ireland and for years later it became a haven for scholars, missionaries, monasteries, . .Christian art also prevailed across Ireland.Style has been called Insular and Hiberno-Saxon (Hiberno is Latin for “Ireland”)
11 Manuscript Illumination Illuminated manuscripts produced by monks in monasteries.Illustrated the Word of God; Visual pleasuresUsed a strict unity of color and form.Crisp, clear sometines contrasting colors; flat surfaces; patterningLion Symbol of St. John, from the Book of Durrow, After AD650. Represents St. John, Evangelist as a lion later an eagle.
12 Carolingian Period Book of Kells Corresponds with the crowning of Charles the Great-Roman empr.Charlemagne ruled over the Holy Roman Empire and surrounding territories and revived culture.Network of learning was createdLatin manuscript texts. . .7LibArts11.7 Tunc Crucifixerant XPI, from the Book of Kells (Matthew 27:38) Then they crucified Christ & with him two thieves
13 ManuscriptsCharlemagne’s rule involved the Roman revival of culture with manuscriptsManuscripts worked towards development of a practical form of portable artistic and educational communicationThey continued after Charlemagne’s death but more apocalyptic approachFlatter space, figures connected by geometric design rather than landscapes.
14 Revelation & the Four Symbols of Evangelsits Revelation-last book of the New TestamentWritten by St. JohnJohn’s account of Christ’s word in his appearance to him.Visionary work with scripture, literary tradition and symbols: lion, bull, man, eagle.Lion: St. Mark; Bull: St. Luke; Man: St. Matthew, Eagle: St. John.11.8 Four Evangelists, from a Carolingian Gospel Book
15 Monasteries Each monastery: School Network for artists and scholars to communicate.Religious and Administrative Center for economic functionsCommunal living quarters for MonksPlans for monstery of St.Gall, Switzerland; plan placed church in the center; building around in order of importance of education
16 Ottonian PeriodCharlemagne’s grandsons were ineffective rulers of the European reign & fell to invaders.After the Vikings takeover, the Saxons crowned Otto I as Otto the Great, emperor.Ottonian refers to rulers named Otto who worked to continue Charlemagne’s revival of Classical antiquity.
17 Major Works of the Ottonian Period Architectural work:Benedictine abbey church of St. Michael’sMetalwork at Hildesheim
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