Presentation on theme: "Strong or Weak??? When Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was clearly in the wrong. Before certain men came from James, he used."— Presentation transcript:
Strong or Weak??? When Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was clearly in the wrong. Before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group. The other Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas was led astray (Gal. 2:11-13).
Background To Gal. 2:11-14 Problem - Circumcision of Gentiles (Acts 15:1-5) Gal. 2:1-5 - Paul talks about this discussion. Gal. 5:1-6 - Christians liberated all from Law of Moses. Gal. 6:12-15 - Appeal of the doctrine was to the flesh. Perverted message: Gentiles must keep the Law and be circumcised before they could be Christians. What was wrong with what Peter did? Did Peter really believe this doctrine? Had he been teaching this doctrine? Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and also took Titus with me. And I went up by revelation, and communicated to them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to those who were of reputation, lest by any means I might run, or had run, in vain. Yet not even Titus who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised. And this occurred because of false brethren secretly brought in (who came in by stealth to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage), to whom we did not yield submission even for an hour, that the truth of the gospel might continue with you (Gal. 2:1-5). Stand fast therefore in the liberty by which Christ has made us free, and do not be entangled again with a yoke of bondage. Indeed I, Paul, say to you that if you become circumcised, Christ will profit you nothing. And I testify again to every man who becomes circumcised that he is a debtor to keep the whole law. You have become estranged from Christ, you who attempt to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace. For we through the Spirit eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love. As many as desire to make a good showing in the flesh, these would compel you to be circumcised, only that they may not suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. For not even those who are circumcised keep the law, but they desire to have you circumcised that they may boast in your flesh. But God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation. And certain men came down from Judea and taught the brethren, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.” Therefore, when Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and dispute with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas and certain others of them should go up to Jerusalem, to the apostles and elders, about this question. So, being sent on their way by the church, they passed through Phoenicia and Samaria, describing the conversion of the Gentiles; and they caused great joy to all the brethren. And when they had come to Jerusalem, they were received by the church and the apostles and the elders; and they reported all things that God had done with them. But some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses” (Acts 15:1-5).
What Was Wrong With What Peter Did? He withdrew & quit associating with Gentile Christians, because he feared what his Jewish brethren would think of him. Was this serious? Paul tells him serious it was! “When Peter came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he was clearly in the wrong…When I saw that they were not acting in line with the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter in front of them all…” (Gal. 2:11, 14).
Peter Sinned With Eyes Wide Open Acts 2:36-39 - Gospel for those far off Acts 10:5-48 - Lord fully convinced Peter Acts 11:2-18 - Explained it all. Acts 15:6-11 - Peter spoke plainly about this. Acts 15:23 - Helped write letter to Gentiles. After all this - incident in Gal. 2 takes place. Did it because he feared Jewish Christians!
Paul Accused of Pleasing Men 6 I marvel that you are turning away so soon from Him who called you in the grace of Christ, to a different gospel, 7 which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. 8 But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed. 9 As we have said before, so now I say again, if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed. 10 For do I now persuade men, or God? Or do I seek to please men? For if I still pleased men, I would not be a bondservant of Christ (Gal. 1:6-10).
Arguments Made by Paul 1.Inconsistency in Peter’s life & actions (2:13-14). 2.Both Peter & Paul preached Gentiles justified without keeping the Law of Moses (2:15-16). 3.Peter’s action is saying that Christ taught him to sin (2:17). 4.Sin by trying to rebuild Jewish systems (2:18). 5.Dead to Law as far as justification is concerned (2:19-20). 6.Therefore, according to Peter’s actions, Christ died in vain (2:21). And the rest of the Jews also played the hypocrite with him, so that even Barnabas was carried away with their hypocrisy. But when I saw that they were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter before them all, “If you, being a Jew, live in the manner of Gentiles and not as the Jews, why do you compel Gentiles to live as Jews? (2:13-14). We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified (2:15-16). But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is Christ therefore a minister of sin? Certainly not! (2:17). For if I build again those things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor (2:18). For I through the law died to the law that I might live to God. I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me (2:19-20). I do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain (2:21).
Weakness We manifest weakness, as Peter did, when we make human, earthly, or fleshly considerations of any kind more important than the truth. When we are more concerned about pleasing men and gaining the favor of men than we are about standing and upholding the truth, whatever the price, we are showing weakness in our spiritual character. “We might hurt _____ feelings if apply the truth in this case.”
Application 1.Pressure to accept someone’s denominational baptism. 2.Pressure to accept someone living in adultery. 3.Pressure to accept false teachers on marriage, divorce, and remarriage--fellowship those in error. 4.Pressure not to discipline unruly members. 5.Pressure to compromise our convictions in order to please family members. 6.Pressure to conform to the world in order to please those in the world and not appear peculiar in their eyes.