2Poetry Poetry is difficult to define. Poems use words to paint a picture in your head.A good poem brings out strong emotions in people.
3Poetry Traditional Poetry: A piece of literature written in meter; verse.Source: American Heritage Dictionary(A traditional poem rhymes.)
4PoetryMeter: poetic measure; arrangement of words in regularly measured, patterned, or rhythmic lines or verses. (Source: Dictionary.com)Verse: A single metrical line in a poetic composition; one line of poetry. (Source: American Heritage Dictionary)
10Simple, Four Line Rhyme Rhyming a,b, c, b: Mary had a little lamb Its fleece was white as snowAnd everywhere that Mary wentThe lamb was sure to go.
11Simple, four line rhyme Rhyming a,a,b,b: Twinkle, twinkle little star How I wonder what you areUp above the world so highLike a diamond in the sky.
12Simple, four line rhyme Rhyming a, b, a, b: The rain was like a little mouse,Quiet, small and gray.It pattered all around the houseAnd then it went away.
13Simple, four line rhyme Rhyming a, a, a, a: Rain, rain, go away Come again another dayLittle children want to playSo rain, rain, go away.
14CinquainA short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing respectively two, four, six, eight and two syllables.
15Jumbly, rumbly, hot and mushy CinquainExample:PopcornJumpy, bouncyWhite, yellow and bumpyJumbly, rumbly, hot and mushyPopcorn.
16HaikuJapanese poem of 17 syllables arranged in three lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables.Syllable: a unit of spoken language that consists of one or more vowel sounds alone. “Sun” is one syllable and “sunshine” is two syllables.
17Swim in has hardened now, but HaikuExample:The pond I used toSwim in has hardened now, butIt is mine year round.Andrea Baccigalupi (age 9)
18Free Verse PoetryFree verse: is a type of poetry that is written without using strict meter, rhythm or rhyme, but is still recognized as poetry.Source: Wikipedia
19Free Verse Poetry Bring me all of your dreams, You dreamers, Heart melodiesThat I may wrap themIn a blue cloud-clothAway from the too-rough fingersOf the world.Langston Hughes
20Free Verse PoetryFree Verse Poetry has had a huge influence on hip hop and rap music.
21SonnetA poem of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter (stress is on the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th and 10th syllables of each line), restricted to a definite rhyme scheme.Shakespeare wrote sonnets.
22BalladBallad: A ballad is a narrative poem, usually set to music; thus, it often is a story told in a song. Any story form may be told as a ballad, such as historical accounts or fairy tales in verse form.Source: Wikipedia
23BalladThe Ballad of the Landlord, which was written by Langston Hughes is an excellent example of a ballad.
24Haiku Poetry Line 1: 5 syllables Line 2: 7 syllables
25Fluffy, lumpy, cotton balls Haiku PoetryClouds float slowly byFluffy, lumpy, cotton ballsSilver, gray, and white
26Haiku Poetry Bursting in bright hues Splashing colors all about Autumn leaves must fall
28Haiku PoetryIn Haiku Poetry, the author’s purpose is to transform a seemingly common nature-related topics into something special or extraordinary using words.
29Haiku PoetryHaiku Poetry stresses the use of interesting and descriptive words in the elaboration of its subject.Nouns: clouds, cotton balls, hues, colors, autumn, leaves, forest, finery, ferns, beauty.)
31Haiku Poetry: Sample Topics Types of weather:TornadoHurricaneSpring rainThunder stormSnow storm
32Cinquain Cinquain is a highly structured form of poetry. Must pay attention to word choice, word meaning, syllabication, and parts of speech, while at the same time expressing a meaningful message.
33True Cinquain 1 word title (noun) 2 syllables 2 descriptive words (adjectives)4 syllables3 words that express action 6 syllables4 words that express feeling 8 syllables1 word (synonyms or reference to title in line 1) 2 syllables