Presentation on theme: "Galatians Salvation by works or by faith?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Galatians Salvation by works or by faith? Holiness by works or by Faith?
2 Why this letter was written? These churches were founded on Paul’s 1st missionary journey. (Act 13)After Paul left, false professors of the faith came in and were beginning to undermine everything Paul stood for.First they undermined Paul’s authority.Then began to mess up the teachings of Grace.So he wrote this book.
3 Who were these troubling ones. 1 Who were these troubling ones? 1. They were the same ones from (Acts 15:1; Philippians 3:1-6; Romans 2:17-3:8) What did they teach? -Salvation by belief in Jesus plus the doing of good works accomplished by keeping the Law, with a big emphasis on circumcision. - Law keeping for sanctification
4 - Acceptance with God meant being identified with them and the Mosaic covenant. - They must have had some token assent to Jesus, otherwise they couldn’t of gained a following.
5 Overview of Galatians Chapters 1,2 Paul defends that he is an Apostle and that his gospel was not his invention. Chapters 3,4 Law and Grace cannot co- exist. Grace was way before Moses and it cannot be changed. Sanctification/holiness is not gained by keeping the law but by the Spirit.
6 Chapters 5,6 Paul shows what the Spirit can produce, apart from the works of the law. Christian liberty is explained in detail. So many of us in the Christian life know better then to try to climb up MT Sinai yet many of us think it is ok to stay at the foot of the mountain. The Law is a unit and either we are completely delivered from it or we pick up all of it. There can be no co-mingling. Hebrews says this…
7 Heb 12: 18 For you have not come to the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and darkness and tempest,19 and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, so that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore.
8 20 (For they could not endure what was commanded: “And if so much as a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned or shot with an arrow.” 21 And so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I am exceedingly afraid and trembling.”) 22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels,
9 23 to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all,to the spirits of just men made perfect, 24 to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant,and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel.
10 This is what the book of Galatians answers. Is it law or grace? Or a combination of the two?This is what the book of Galatians answers.
11 Paul, (birth 3BC, belief 33-34, Heaven 67AD) 1. an apostle 2 Paul, (birth 3BC, belief 33-34, Heaven 67AD) 1. an apostle 2. (not from men nor through man, 3. but through Jesus Christ and God the Father who raised Him from the dead), 2 and all the brethren who are with me,
12 Peter James John Andrew James Of Alphaeus Judas brother of James MatthewPhilipNathaniel SimonMatthiasPaul??????1Corinthians 15:5, 7-10; Galatians 1:11-17Definition of an Apostle, Was Paul one of the 12?Gal 1:11 n But I make known to you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. 12 For o I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came p through the revelation of Jesus Christ.13 For you have heard of my former conduct in Judaism, how q I persecuted the church of God beyond measure and r tried to destroy it. 14 And I advanced in Judaism beyond many of my contemporaries in my own nation, s being more exceedingly zealous t for the traditions of my fathers.15 But when it pleased God, u who separated me from my mother’s womb and called me through His grace, 16 v to reveal His Son in me, that w I might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not immediately confer with x flesh and blood, 17 nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me; but I went to Arabia, and returned again to Damascus.1 Cor 5:15 and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve. 6 After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once, of whom the greater part remain to the present, but some have 2 fallen asleep. 7 After that He was seen by James, then k by all the apostles. 8 l Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time.9 For I am the least of the apostles, who am not worthy to be called an apostle, because n I persecuted the church of God. 10 But o by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all, p yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.
13 4 who gave Himself for our sins, To the churches of Galatia: 3 Grace to you and peacefrom God the Father andour Lord Jesus Christ,4 who gave Himself for our sins,that He might deliver us from this present evil age,Grace = Unearned, unmerited, all that God is free to do due solely to the work of Christ.Peace = The effect of the knowledge of what God has done and is doingFor our sins = Always means in this construction always means substitution. The idea is seen in Isaiah But He was wounded for our transgressions,He was bruised for our iniquities;The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,And by His stripes we are healed.6 All we like sheep have gone astray;We have turned, every one, to his own way;And the LORD has laid on Him the iniquity of us all.7 He was oppressed and He was afflicted,Yet He opened not His mouth;He was led as a lamb to the slaughter,And as a sheep before its shearers is silent,So He opened not His mouth.8 He was taken from prison and from judgment,And who will declare His generation?For He was cut off from the land of the living;For the transgressions of My people He was stricken.2 Cor 5:21) For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.Gal 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”), 14 that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.
14 according to the will of our God and Father, 5 to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen. (This is the only place that Paul uses a doxology after a greeting, why?) See Gal 6:12-14;1Cor 1:30-31;Gal 2:21
15 Gal 6:12-14 As many as desire to make a good showing in the flesh, these would compel you to be circumcised, only that they may not suffer persecution for the cross of Christ. 13 For not even those who are circumcised keep the law, but they desire to have you circumcised that they may boast in your flesh. 14 But God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world.
16 15 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation. 1 Cor 1:29-31 that no flesh should glory in His presence.30) But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God–and righteousness and sanctification and redemption–31) that, as it is written, “He who glories, let him glory in the LORD.”
17 Gal 2:20 “I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.
19 6 I marvel that you are turning away so soon (only 6 months) Note; Acts 15 = 50AD Gal written 49AD First journey Paul is in Antioch (Acts 13:1) from Him who called you in the grace of Christ,
20 to a different gospel,(different= eteros which means totally different and not the same)7 which is not another; but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. (Spiritual attack with emotional trauma often comes in the form of religious rigor or zeal. See Acts 15:24)
21 8 But even if we,or an angel from heaven,preach any other gospel to youthan what we have preached to you, let him be accursed.9 As we have said before, so now I say again,
22 if anyone preaches any other gospel to you than what you have received, let him be accursed. (1 Cor 15:1-4) 15Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you--unless you believed in vain.
23 3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,