Presentation on theme: "Physical Activity and Your Health Lesson 1 08/18/14."— Presentation transcript:
Physical Activity and Your Health Lesson 1 08/18/14
Standards B.PL-H-PW-S: Personal and Physical Health PL-H-PW-S-PPH1: understand the importance of assuming responsibility for personal health behaviors by: * PL-H-PW-S-PPH1.b: explaining how body system functions can be maintained and improved (e.g., exercise, nutrition, safety)
Standards Cont. PL-H-PW-S-PPH4: evaluate how an individual’s behaviors and choices of diet, exercise and rest affect the body. PL-H-PW-S-DP3: demonstrate an understanding of how to maintain a healthy body by: * PL-H-PW-S-DP3.a:analyzing the impact of personal health behaviors on the functioning of body systems *PL-H-PW-S-DP3.b: analyzing how behavior can impact health maintenance and disease prevention during adolescence and adulthood A.PL-H-N-U: PL-H-N-U-2:nutrients have a role in the development of an individuals health.
Instant Activity On a sheet of paper, make a list of the physical activities in which you participate in on a regular basis. Then add to your list three others you would like to try. Briefly describe why each of these activities appeals to you.
Physical Activity v/s Physical Fitness Physical Activity- is any form of movement that causes your body to use energy. Physical Fitness- the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands.
What are some benefits of regular physical activity? Health Triangle Physical Mental/Emotional Social
Benefits to Physical Health Physical Activity….makes the body stronger (muscles and bones), increases your energy, improves your posture, reduces chronic fatigue and stiffness, and can improve your motor responses.
Physical Activity on 3 Body Systems Cardiovascular System strengthens the heart muscle allowing it to work more efficiently. Respiratory System you can breathe larger amounts of air and the muscles used in respiration don’t fatigue as quickly. Nervous System Respond to stimuli quicker/ improves your reaction time.
Benefits to Mental/Emotional Health Reduce stress Manage anger/frustrations in healthier ways Improve your mood/decrease risk of depression helping you look and feel better/ self-confidence Positive self-concept (gives you a sense of pride and accomplishment in taking care or yourself. Reduces mental fatigue by bringing more oxygen to brain improving your concentration (think more clearly and productively. Gives you a “can-do” spirit when faced with challenges.
Benefits to Social Health Provides opportunities to form friendships with others (interact and cooperate with others). Builds self-confidence which helps you cope better in social situations (meeting new people). helps you in managing stress resulting in better relationships with others.
Risks associated with Physical Inactivity? http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/physicalactivi ty/facts.htm Sedentary Lifestyle- a way of life that involves little physical activity. watching TV, playing video games, texting, working on computer, etc. rather than being physically active.
Sedentary Lifestyle Negative Effects Unhealthful weight gain -Cardiovascular Disease -Type 2 diabetes Diabetes-a serious disorder preventing the body from converting food into energy -Cancer http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/leading-causes- of-death.htm
Negative Effects cont. Increased risk of osteoporosis- a condition characterized by a decrease in bone density, producing porous and fragile bones (P 78). a reduced ability to manage stress. decreased opportunities to meet and form friendships with people who value and live a healthy lifestyle.
Pair and Share Activity Identify and discuss with your partner at least 2 things you can start doing, that you are not currently already doing, to include more daily physical activity in your life. 2 minutes….Go!
Physical Activity and Weight Control According to Center for Disease Control (CDC), Obesity now affects 17% of all children and adolescents in the United States - triple the rate from just one generation ago (http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/index.html).http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/index.html
What can you do…? Develop good eating habits that follow the Food Guide Pyramid Guidelines. Be physically active on a regular basis (minimal…60 mins./day, 5 days/week).
Burning Calories? Metabolism- process by which your body gets energy from food. Calories- Units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body.
“Burning Calories” means.. The process of burning, or combustion, is one form of a reaction called oxidation. This means the uniting of oxygen with other substances. Food that is used by your body for fuel combines with oxygen and releases energy. Your body uses this energy for body heat, for automatic processes, and for physical activities.
Critical Thinking SCENARIO: Two teens decide to include more physical activity in their lives. Kayla begins walking to school, inline skating, and swimming. Kyle decides to lift weights for an hour every night. After a week, Kyle gives up weight lifting. Kayla, however, continues to be physically active. Why did Kayla’s plan work better than Kyle’s?
Exit Slip Today we learned that participating regularly in physical activity contributes to the functioning of many body systems. List the 3 body systems we discussed today and briefly explain how each of these systems are maintained or improved by physical activity.