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Activity Set 1.4 PREP PPTX Visual Algebra for Teachers

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Chapter 1 INTEGERS AND INTEGER OPERATIONS Visual Algebra for Teachers

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Activity Set 1.4 Multiplying and Dividing Integers with Black And Red Tiles Visual Algebra for Teachers

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PURPOSE To learn how to multiply and divide integers using black and red tile arrays. To investigate the various rules of multiplying and dividing integers “Two positives is a positive, two negatives is a positive, etc.”. To explore the role of 0 in multiplication and division sentences.

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Black and red tiles with black and red edge pieces No calculators for this activity set MATERIALS

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INTRODUCTION

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Multiplication & Division Terms 2 3 = 6: In this multiplication sentence: 2 and 3 are both Factors 6 is the Product 12 3 = 4: In this division sentence 12 is the Dividend 3 is the Divisor 4 is the Quotient

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Using Edge Pieces to Measure Think of a black edge piece as measuring a side dimension of length +1 unit Think of a red edge piece as measuring a side dimension of length -1 unit. We will tend to call these “length 1” and “length -1,” although, of course, “length” is usually positive.

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Labeling Edges When sketching an array with edges, label the net value of each edge set as shown in this sketch.

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PREP Question #1 Write in your coursepack, Activity Set 1.4 #1 Use your black and red tiles and form a minimal Array 1 with Edge Set I = -2 and Edge Set II = +3. a.What is the net value of Array 1? b.If you think of Array 1 as the multiplication of two factors; what are the two factors? What is the product of the two factors? c.What multiplication sentence do the edge sets and the array show?

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Sketching Multiplication When sketching multiplication, show and briefly explain each step as shown in the following example. Label edges throughout. Example: Find the solution to: -2 -3 = ? 1) Lay out all black edges; note black edge values 2) Fill in all black tiles 3) Flip row and corresponding edge pieces for -2, note edge net value

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Sketching Multiplication 4) Flip column and edge pieces for -3, note edge net value 5) Use the array to determine the final product -2 -3 = +6

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PREP Question #2 Write in your coursepack, Activity Set 1.4 #2 Use your black and red tiles to model each of the following multiplication questions. Sketch and label your work, including, for each step, labeling the net values of the edge sets and the array. Briefly explain each step. In each case, give the completed multiplication sentence the array and edge sets shows a.+2 +5 = ? c. +3 -4 = ? b. -2 +5 = ? d. -3 -2 = ?

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You are now ready for: PREP QUIZ 1.4 See Moodle Visual Algebra for Teachers

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