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Chapter 9.  1.How did Andrew Jackson the man and president, reflect the change in political ideology of the 1820- 30’s? 2.How did political parties meet.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9.  1.How did Andrew Jackson the man and president, reflect the change in political ideology of the 1820- 30’s? 2.How did political parties meet."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9

2  1.How did Andrew Jackson the man and president, reflect the change in political ideology of the 1820- 30’s? 2.How did political parties meet the needs/wants of the people? 3.Is the argument for the powers of nullification a valid democratic argument? Does the constitution justify such powers implicationally? Guiding Questions

3   Jacksonian America saw…  No growth in economic equality  No redistribution of wealth  BUT voter’s rights were expanded How?  States had been restricted voting to…  White, property owning, taxpayers  Voter suffrage (rights) expanded first in the West  The number of total voters doubled from 1824-28, then almost doubled again the next decade. The Expanding Electorate

4   Thomas Dorr (a local leader in Rhode Island) didn’t like the voter restrictions so he drafted a new Constitution for his state.  It is put to a state wide vote and Dorr’s Constitution wins popular support.  2 governments operated at the same time.  Dorr acting as Governor tries to take the state arsenal and is arrested and imprisoned.  Power is restored to the legitimate legislator but they are forced to expand voter rights. The Dorr Rebellion

5   Martin Van Buren starts first established political party in New York: The Albany Regency  Party votes for their candidates  They value party loyalty over all else  They claim that party loyalty ensures that elected officials follow the will of the people.  Party needs permanent opposition to survive  This is the birth of the Second Party System (1828) Anti-Jacksonians=WhigsPro-Jackson=Democrats Legitimization of the Party

6   “President for the Common Man”  “Equal protection and equal benefits.”  Jackson goes after “entrenched officeholders”  Puts in its place new elected officials who appoint supporters to government positions=The Spoils System ( To the victor goes the spoils )  Party convention replaces the caucus  Kitchen Cabinet replaces real Cabinet Did these changes give power to the people? Jacksonian Democracy

7   Jackson weakens the function of the Federal Government but strengthens the powers of the president  He believes in Jefferson’s strong state rights with strong farmers  John C. Calhoun is Vice President  He believes that the Tariff of Abominations has caused economic turmoil in the South Our Federal Union

8   Calhoun proposes that the state of South Carolina has the power to Nullify the tariff because it is the state that gives the federal government power.  Jackson disagrees with nullification  Calhoun resigns  Van Buren is appointed VP  Webster-Hayne Debate rages in congress arguing whether the states have the right to ignore a federal law—NULLIFICATION Nullification

9   In November of 1832 South Carolina votes to nullify the tariff  Jackson, fearing an end to the Union, sends in troops to collect the tariff—Force Act  Congress trying to avoid civil war passes a bill at the last minute to gradually lower the tariff over the next ten years (till 1842) to pre-1816 levels.  This calms the nullification debate…for now.  Proves that states can’t go it alone and that secession is possible. Nullification

10  Our Actors-2 nd Hour  Narrator=Mr. Flessa  Director=Misbahul  Henry Clay=Michelle  Tallmadge=Tanvi  Thrift=Alex  Peirce=Jenna  Andrew Jackson=Emma  Newsboy=Eleri  Calhoun=Peter  Webster=Hannah  Hayne=Amartya  Jefferson=Joseph  Van Buren=Adrienne  Peggy Eaton=Maria  John Eaton=Nischal  Soldier=Marcella  Black Hawk=Emily  Hamilton=Michella  Scott=Jenna  Taney=Alex  Duane=Deena  Santa Anna=Juliana  Austin=Tanvi  Houston=Jenna  Adams=Michelle  Lawrence=Hemmingway  Swift=Hannah

11  Our Actors-4 th Hour  Narrator=Mr. Flessa  Director=Mr. Flessa  Henry Clay=Dan g  Tallmadge=Sanket  Thrift=Mike  Peirce=Andrei  Andrew Jackson=Peter  Newsboy=Goutham  Calhoun=Claire  Webster=Angelina  Hayne=Carlie  Jefferson=Connor  Van Buren=Noah  Peggy Eaton=Ashley  John Eaton=Cara  Soldier=Michael  Black Hawk=Rachel  Hamilton=Marissa  Scott=Jillian  Taney=Liam  Duane=Victoria  Santa Anna=Yip  Austin=Marissa  Houston=Beany  Adams=Jillian  Lawrence=Justin  Swift=Rachel

12  Our Actors-2 nd Hour-Act 1  Narrator=Deena  Director=Misbahul  Henry Clay=Michelle  Tallmadge=Tanvi  Thrift=Peter  Peirce=Jenna

13  APUSH Short Answer Questions  Short-answer questions will directly address one or more of the thematic learning objectives for the course.  At least two of the four questions will have elements of internal choice, providing opportunities for students to demonstrate what they know best. Number of Questions TimePercentage 450 Minutes20% Thematic Learning Objectives 1Identify 2Work, Exchange and Technology 3Peopling 4Politics and Power 5America and the World 6Environment and geography 7Ideas, Beliefs, and Culture

14   1. Answer a, b, and c.  a) Briefly explain ONE example of how contact between Native Americans and Europeans brought changes to Native American societies in the period 1492-1700.  b) Briefly explain a SECOND example of how contact between Native Americans and Europeans brought changes to Native American societies in the same period.  c) Briefly explain ONE example of how Native American societies resisted change brought by contact with Europeans in the same period. Short Answer Question Example

15   C)  Tribes sometimes worked to preserve their traditional tribal culture, beliefs, language, and worldviews rather than accept or adapt to European ways and beliefs.  Some Native American people responded to European contact with violence and warfare, as in Metacom’s Rebellion (King Philip’sWar) and the Pueblo Revolt (Popé’s Rebellion).  Some Native Americans maintained their traditional religions rather than converting to Christianity.  Native Americans sometimes chose to flee rather than accept enslavement by Europeans.  Tribes sometimes formed alliances with one another, such as  Metacom’s alliance of tribes in New England, in order to resist  encroaching European colonial societies.  Some tribes formed alliances with some Europeans to resist and  wage war on other Europeans (or to play one European nation Example of an Answer

16   A) and B)  Native American population declined as a result of disease and warfare (leading to “mourning wars” between Native American tribes).  Many Native Americans were enslaved and/or subjected to forced labor.  Traditional tribal economies changed as a result of increased trade with Europeans.  Native Americans and Europeans began to intermarry in Spanish and French colonies, producing racially mixed populations and caste systems.  Some Native Americans converted to Christianity.  The introduction of new crops and livestock into Native American societies changed settlement patterns.  Domestic animals brought by Europeans changed the environment and destroyed Native American crops.  Views on gender roles, family, and property changed as a result of European influence.  The introduction of guns, other weapons, and alcohol stimulated cultural and demographic changes in some Native American societies.  Alliances with European nations changed politics and policies within and among tribes. Example of an Answer

17   We will be holding our first “OH YEAH!” debate today based on your Jackson: $20 Projects. Here are the rules.  We will start with a random person. That person will stand and give a reason why President Jackson should be on the $20 Bill.  When they are finished a historical figure with an OPPOSING view will stand and say “OH YEAH!...” then give one of their reasons my Jackson SHOULDN’T be in the $20.  When they are finish a person with an opposing view of the second person will stand and say “OH YEAH!...” and give their reason why Jackson SHOULD be on the $20.  And so on…  Pay attention so that you don’t repeat someone else’s reason. Oh Yeah…!

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