2Narrative a composition used to recount an event or series of events simple narrative – events told in chronological ordernarrative with plot – less chronological, events arranged according to the nature of the plot and type of story (flashback and flashforward)
3Main Parts Character Setting Plot protagonist (main character) antagonist (opposing force)SettingPlotconflictresolution
4Character Physical Characteristics Emotional Characteristics what they look likeEmotional Characteristicswhat kind of person they arecan be revealed through the use of words and actionsCharacteristics can be revealed either directly or indirectly.
5Creating CharactersYou can often tell a lot about a person just by looking at them. In pairs or groups of 3 create a life for the person in the photo. Think about what kind of person they might be, what their family might be like and what they might like to do in their spare time.
6The Story of Your NameNames are a very important part of who you are. What do you know about your name? Where did it come from? Is it significant in any way? What about its history?In a good paragraph, tell me about your name.
7Creating CharactersOne of the first steps in writing a story is the creation of characters. Now, you are going to create a potential protagonist and antagonist for a story that you will write.
8Your AssignmentNow that you have created a few characters you will choose two of them to include in the story you will eventually write. One will be the protagonist (main character) the other the antagonist (opposing force)Next you will create a good copy of a verbal and visual presentation for you characters.
9VisualThis will include a picture of the character as well as anything else you feel is important to the character or is representative of them.
10VerbalIn paragraph form you will describe the physical features of your character. You will also briefly explain their story – who are they? Be sure to include what you feel is important to know about this character.Try to use descriptive words when writing about your characters.
12Try to use descriptive words when writing about your characters. Visual - This will include a picture of the character as well as anything else you feel is important to the character or is representative of them.Verbal - In paragraph form you will describe the physical features of your character. You will also briefly explain their story – who are they? Be sure to include what you feel is important to know about this character.Try to use descriptive words when writing about your characters.Character - Marking RubricProtagonist & Antagonist /20VisualEffort (5) Creativity (5)VerbalContent (5) Mechanics (5)
13Setting Time – when the story takes place Place – where the story takes placeOften plays an important part in the story, example “Identities”
14Create a Setting for: A high school drop out A former college sports star / famous actressA blind person’s bedroom
15Your Setting In a good paragraph or two, tell me about your setting: Where were you born?Where have you lived?Has that helped make you who you are?How might you be different in you lived somewhere else?
16Describing A SettingYou are a tourist information writer and your job is to entice people to visit various places. In a good descriptive paragraph describe the setting in the photograph you select. After you have described the place, create a name that will also work to draw people in – be creative.Next briefly (good paragraph) describe a story that could take place in this setting.
17Creating A SettingAnother important part of writing a story is creating an intriguing and interesting setting.Think about the characters you have created and create a setting in which they might interact.
19ConflictConflict is the essence of fiction. It creates plot. The conflicts we encounter can usually be identified as one of four kinds.Person versus Nature – struggle with a force of naturePerson versus Person – struggle with another characterPerson versus Self – struggle deciding what to do or thinkPerson versus Society – struggle with the laws or beliefs of a groupOften, more than one kind of conflict is taking place at the same time. In every case, however, the existence of conflict enhances the reader’s understanding of a character and creates the suspense and interest that make you want to continue reading.
20Name That ConflictSteve is struggling to find a job after completing a 5 year jail sentence for being an accessory for armed robbery.Gerald’s life is being made miserable by his hot-tempered abusive step-father.Julie is confused about her future plans; should she go to work or community college.
21Conflict Explain the conflict in the following: “Powder” “Boys and Girls”“Identities”“The Sniper”
22Personal ConflictEveryone has conflict in their lives, from the minor internal conflict of, “What should I wear today?” to the person versus person conflict when we argue with our friends and family.Choose a personal conflict that you have faced in your life and, in a good paragraph or two, explain it to me. Also, please explain how you resolved this conflict.
23PlotAll fictional stories have a plot. Plot is the sequence of events that take place in the story. There are five components to plot:Central problem or conflict often found at the beginning of the story;rising action which includes all the events created by the conflict;climax, which is the highest point or turning point of the story;denouement, or falling action, where the conflict becomes unraveled;resolution, where the conflict is resolved (the resolution of a story may have either positive or negative outcomes).
24Freytag’s PyramidGustav Freytag was a 19th Century German novelist who saw common patterns in the plots of stories and novels and developed a diagram to analyze them.He diagrammed a story's plot using a pyramid like the one shown here:
25Assignment – Plot LineSo far you have your characters and your setting. Now, it’s time to start thinking about how they are going to go together to create your story.Probably the easiest way to start is to come up with a conflict, decide how it was created and how it could be resolved.Let’s see what you come up with.