Presentation on theme: "How To Do an APUSH ESSAY ESSAY EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA BASED ON SUSAN POJER’S “HOW TO DO AN APAP DBQ”"— Presentation transcript:
How To Do an APUSH ESSAY ESSAY EUGENIA LANGAN MATER ACADEMY CHARTER HIGH SCHOOL HIALEAH GARDENS, FLORIDA BASED ON SUSAN POJER’S “HOW TO DO AN APAP DBQ”
A “Dazzling” APUSH ESSAY Is Like a Tasty Hamburger
THE FRQ THE FRQ RULES ARE REALLY GENERIC RULES FOR ANY GOOD ESSAY. YOU ’ LL USE THE SAME RULES FOR THE DBQ + USE THE DOCUMENTS AS ADDITIONAL EVIDENCE FOR YOUR THESIS
The “Top Bun” of your essay! 4-6 sentences The Introductory Paragraph
1.E stablish TIME & PLACE. 2.C reate a clear, THESIS STATEMENT. [underline or highlight it!] T T T THE THESIS IS THE ANSWER TO THE QUESTION IN THE PROMPT! MMMMUST ANSWER ENTIRE QUESTION! MMMMUST CONTAIN SOME ANALYSIS (CAUSE, EFFECT, ETC.) M M M MUST BE EITHER IN ONE SENTENCE OR IN CONSECUTIVE SENTENCES (NOT SPLIT!) The Introductory Paragraph
3.BRIEFLY note the SUB-TOPICS or categories you will discuss to support your thesis statement. 4.Focus on the question at hand—do NOT begin with a “flowery” sentence! NO LAUNDRY LISTS NO LAUNDRY LISTS! IN FACT --– NO FLOWERY OR PURPLE LANGUAGE ANYWHERE IN ESSAY & NO FIRST OR SECOND PERSON (I, WE, YOU, ETC.
Example - The question for the second FRQ in 2008 was: Analyze the impact of the market revolution (1815–1860) on the economies of TWO of the following regions: The Northeast The Midwest The South
In an essay that scored 9, The College Board rated this thesis as “strong.” “ Throughout United States history, industrialization has always had a major impact. Soon after the War of 1812, nationalism increased, contributing to the industrialization of the country overnight. Textile mills and other factories sprang up and many people became employed. The era from 1815 to 1860 represented a major shift from agrarianism to industrialism. Its effects were felt and transformed the entire nation but in different ways. The Market Revolution seemingly starkly contrasted the Northeast and Southern regions, but also brought them together.”
This thesis in this introductory paragraph, in an essay that scored only 3 points, was rated inadequate because it didn’t address the effects of the Market Revolution in the South and strayed off-topic. “Prior to the time of the Market Revolution from 1815 to 1860, the United States was growing into two primarily distinct regions, the North and the South. The North mainly favored manufactured goods while the South relied on slavery and a dominant agricultural culture. Throughout the time period, the North received a great advantage over the South through tariffs, the industrial revolution and a more “supported” working class while the South focused on an agriculturally based economy.”
The “tasty” part of your essay! This is where you prove your thesis with facts! 8-12 sentences+ per paragraph The “ ” Meat ” ” Paragraphs
REMEMBER THE AP RULE OF 3! 3 ARGUMENTS IN EACH CATEGORY 3 PIECES OF EVIDENCE FOR EACH ARGUMENT EVEN TRY FOR THREE MODES OF ANALYSIS (EX. CAUSE, EFFECT, SYNTHESIS)
Meat ” ” Paragraphs 3.CONCLUDING SENTENCE – sums up paragraph. Begins with “Thus,” “Therefore,” etc. 4.TRANSITIONS – every paragraph after the Introduction begins with an appropriate transition, for example: FOR CONJUNCTIONFOR DISJUNCTION ( SIMILAR IDEAS)(CONTRASTING DEAS) * Also, * But * In addition, * However, * Moreover, * In contrast, * Furthermore,* On the other hand, * Similarly, * So too,
The “Bottom Bun” of your essay! It holds it all together! 3-4 sentences, including reiteration of thesis and principal supporting evidence. The Concluding Paragraph
1.S tart with a CONCLUDING TRANSITION (In conclusion,/ In sum, / Clearly,) 1.R estate your thesis statement a bit differently (in case it’s not great in intro) 2.P ut your essay answer in a larger historical perspective. End of some trend/movement/idea, etc. Beginning of some trend/movement/idea End of one & beginning of another. Do NOT end on the note that this is the reason we are where we are today! The Concluding” Paragraph
GENERAL WRITING RULE: K.I.S.S. KEEP IN SIMPLE, STUPID! REFERS TO YOUR LANGUAGE AND WRITING STYLE, NOT YOUR IDEA OR ANALYSIS!
THE K.I.S.S. RULE IS ALSO KNOWN AS KILL THE DAMN DOG!
“One morn when the glorious disk of the sun shone brightly, Dick was frolicking in front of his parent’s manse with his frisky pet canine, Spot. Dick picked up a stick, and raising his strong young arm, Dick flung the stick into the air, hoping that Spot would retrieve it and return it to his Master. Alas! Tragedy struck! The rays of glorious Sol beamed into the eyes of the ill-fated canine, thwarting his ability to see the trajectory and ultimate destination of the fateful stick. Trotting into the thoroughfare in front of the manse, Spot encountered a moving motor vehicle which steamrollered him and snuffed out his life.”
“One sunny morning Dick was playing fetch- the-stick with his dog Spot in their front yard. Running after a stick Dick had thrown, Spot was blinded by the sun and ran into the street. He was run over by a car and killed.” Or even: “Running to fetch a stick that Dick tossed, Spot was blinded by the sun and ran into the street and was run over by a car and killed.”
3. THE DBQ IS NOT AN ESSAY ABOUT THE DOCUMENTS – JUST SUMMARIZING OR DISCUSSING DOCUMENTS = 0 POINTS 4.DON’T QUOTE THE DOCUMENTS! YOU DON’T HAVE TIME, AND ALSO, QUOTING DOESN’T NECESSARILY SHOW YOU UNDERSTAND A DOCUMENT!
1.Attribution Who is this person? 2.Why might they be significant? 3.What is the point of view (POV) of the author? 4.How reliable and accurate is the source? 5.What is the tone or intent of the document author? 6.What other information does this document call to mind? Use all available clues. Remember, docs. can be used in a variety of ways! Questions to Ask Yourself About the Documents
1.Thomas 1.Thomas Paine, in his pamphlet, Common Sense (Doc. A), A), advocated _________ (PARAPHRASE), (PARAPHRASE),which shows... 2.Joe 2.Joe Smith, a mid-Western delegate to the Republican convention in 1912 (Doc. C.) greed agreed with….. with….. The 19 c 19 c historian, Frederick Jackson Turner, Turner, theorized that_________ (Doc. E). This shows... NEVER begin with: In Document 3, … How to Reference a Document in Your Essay
3 3. Always paraphrase (briefly) the essential ideas you are using for evidence in the documents. Writing “Documents A, B, C and F show” does not indicate that you understand the documents and doesn’t count! 4. 4. Where necessary, discuss POV, context, etc. (to indicate why you used particular documents the way you did).
OUR FIRST FRQ: ALTHOUGH NEW ENGLAND AND THE CHESAPEAKE REGION WERE BOTH SETTLED LARGELY BY PEOPLE OF ENGLISH ORIGIN, BY 1700 THE REGIONS HAD EVOLVED INTO TWO DISTINCT SOCIETIES. WHY DID THIS DIFFERENCE IN DEVELOPMENT OCCUR?
Create a rough draft in outline form for your FRQ using this format: Skip a line from your intro. ¶ Topic sentence of first “meat” ¶ [underline or highlight it] Indent bullets listing all “o.i.” “o.i.” that you will need in that ¶ When done with that ¶, ¶, skip a line and do the same for the other “meat” ¶s ( start ( start with transition!) 1.Write 1.Write out your introductory paragraph. 2.Create 2.Create a loose outline of your “meat” ¶ s ¶ s in this manner: DO-NOW In Class: 3.Skip 3.Skip a line after your last “meat” ¶ and write your concluding ¶ out in full.
YOU MAY USE YOUR OUTLINE IN CLASS NEXT TIME TO WRITE THE FRQ DON’T FORGET TO BRING THE “MY APUSH FRQ” RUBRIC (BOTH PAGES). NO RUBRIC, ESSAY = Z