Presentation on theme: "Cornerstone: First Year Experience UWG 1101"— Presentation transcript:
1Cornerstone: First Year Experience UWG 1101 Chapter Ten:Understand
2Reading QuizList and briefly define the 5 steps to the memory technique defined in the book as VCR3.Briefly explain the bizarreness effect.
3Being Old“Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young. The greatest thing in life is to keep your mind young.”- Henry Ford
4Chapter GoalsLearn how to study, how to increase your memory capacity, and how to take assessments (tests) more effectivelyUnderstand how your memory works and how to make it work betterLearn the difference between short-term and long term memory, and how to commit things to long term memory.Use mnemonics to help you remember informationIdentify three different study strategies that can be applied to all of your classesIdentify the cause of test anxiety, and how to reduce it.
5Friedrick Nietzsche (1844-1900) “The existence of forgetting has never been proved; we only know that some things don’t come to mind when we want them”“God is dead” – Nietzche – 1882“Nietzche is dead” – God
6Did You Know…If your brain was fed ten new pieces of information every second for the rest of your life, you would not even fill half of your memory capacity?… so how do we tap into our memories?
7Three Types of Memory Sensory memory Short term (working) memory Long term memory
8Sensory MemoryInformation gathered from five senses (taste, touch, smell, hearing, sight)Huge capacityShort duration – 1 to 3 secondsCaveat – the information is of utmost importance forces an effort to transfer to long-term.Hot stoveAlarmElectrical Smoke
9Short-term Memory Also called “working memory” Holds information for short period of timeHolds limited amount of informationFive to nine separate pieces or factsRehearing information in short term memory will move it to your long-term memory.
10jmplngtoplntstsevng Jum lng to plnts ts evng Short-term memory Other Examples:Phone Numbers ( )Social Security ( )jmplngtoplntstsevngJum lng to plnts ts evng
11Long-Term Memory Huge capacity: Like a computer disk with many files Information you have heard or seen oftenInformation you use oftenInformation you have deemed necessary or importantLike a computer disk with many filesEffort and memory techniques will help you store anything you want to remember
12Facts about Memory Everyone remembers and forgets information. Your senses take in information.With little effort you can remember some information.With rehearsal (study) you can remember more.Without use, information is forgotten.Filing incoming information correctly will help retain it.Stored information must have a retrieval methodMnemonics, repetition, association, and rehearsal will help with storage and retrieval
13VCR3 Memory Technique V – Visualizing C – Concentrating R – Relating R – RepeatingR – ReviewingPeople forget 81% of what they ready in a textbook after 28 days.
14Memorizing v. Knowing Memorizing something is short-lived. Knowing is making a commitment to owning the information, to making it a part of your life.How badly you need to retain the information will deeply influence your level of commitment.
15Mnemonics Mnemosyne – Greek Goddess of Memory Memory techniques or tricks to help you put information into long-term memory.Quadratic Equation?All States in the US?“bizarreness effect” - we remember bizarre information more rapidly than mundane every day facts.Unusual information and events trigger heightened levels of attention.
16Types of Mnemonics Jingles/rhymes Sentences Words ABC’s Please Excuse My Dear Aunt SallyWordsHOMES
17Types of Mnemonics Story lines Acronyms Pegging Weave details into a creative storyAcronymsSCUBA (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus)MARTANASCARPeggingAttaching new information to old pegs
18General Studying Advice Avoid Cramming!Study each day to avoid last-minute stressForm a study group with motivated studentsKeep up with daily reading and homework
19Studying in a CrunchDepressurize – Don’t pretend cramming is going to save you.Know the score – Know what to focus on.Read it quick – H2FLIBMake connections – Can I relate this to something else I already know?Use your syllabus/study guide – If a professor provides this, it’s a great place to start.See it – Vizualize! – Mapping, diagrams, photos, drawings, outlines….Check your notes – Look for things you highlighted as important.Choose wisely – You can’t do it all – make wise decisions about what to study first.
20ReducingTest Anxiety Control negative self-talk – stay positive Study daily and overlearn the materialArrive early and prepared for testJot down your mnemonics right awayRead instructions and entire test carefullyAnswer questions you know first
21Be Testwise! – Quiz your instructor What types and how many questions?What chapters/sections will be covered?Is there a time limit?Are there any special instructions?Is there a study sheet?Is there a review session?What is the grade value of the test?What chapters or section will be covered?
22Types of ResponsesQuick-time response: you immediately know the answer, so respond.Pitfall – read the entire question, be sure you answer based on the wording of the question.Lag-time response: don’t get nervous, move on and the answer may come to you laterNo response: move on and make an intelligent guess later
23Common Question Types Matching True-False Multiple-Choice Read each column before startingMatch what you know firstLook for logics cluesTrue-FalseLook for double negativesBe mindful of the use of words like “often,” “rarely,” “always,” “never,” etcMultiple-ChoiceTry to answer the question before looking at the optionsEliminate obviously wrong answersRead all options before answering
24Common Question Types Short Answer Essay Read each statement/question before answering.Be brief.Length of a blank has nothing to do with length of the answer.Look for key wordsGo with your gut.EssayMore is not always better. Be concise.Pay close attention to the action word in the question: Discuss, Compare, Contrast, Summarize, Analyze, Justify, Prove…..Be sure to answer all, not just some of the question.Summarize your main ideas
25Chapter Reflections Study hardest material first Review lecture and textbook notes frequentlyUse mnemonicsLearn using a variety of techniquesBe testwiseReview entire test before beginningIgnore pace of classmatesBe aware of the time while testing