Presentation on theme: "PA201 Introduction to Legal Research Unit 3 – The Parts of a Case"— Presentation transcript:
1PA201 Introduction to Legal Research Unit 3 – The Parts of a Case A. E. Sloan (2009). Basic Legal Research Tools and Strategies (4th ed.). New York: Aspen Publishers
2REVIEW OF UNIT 2 Constitution – Federal and State Statute – how it becomes a lawOrganization of Codes (Title, part, section, chapter)Official (published by government) vs. Unofficial (published by commercial entity)
3REVIEW OF UNIT 2 (cont.)Annotated (has summaries of cases and other sources) vs. Unannotated (no summaries)Authority of Court Decisions (trial court, appellate court and supreme court)Citing Constitutions (U.S. Const. amend. XX)
4REVIEW OF UNIT 2 (cont.)Citing Statutes (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ (2000).)Search of Statutes on State Websites
5CHECKLIST FOR UNIT 3 Review the unit introduction and key terms Read Chapter 4 in Basic Legal Research Tools and StrategiesLearn about case anatomyLearn about how to brief a case using the FIRAC methodReview the sample case briefs
6CHECKLIST FOR UNIT 3Learn about and practice Bluebook Rules 10.3 and 10.9Participate on the Discussion BoardComplete and submit the Written AssignmentTake the Unit 3 Quiz
7Court Opinions Court Opinions or Decisions are also known as Cases Important to understand the information provided in order to understand the case
8FIRAC Method of Research and Writing FIRAC is an acronym for:FactsIssuesRule of LawAnalysisConclusionEvery case brief includes each piece.
9FIRAC Using this method, you can create a case brief. That simply means an outline of the case, used for studying, sending a memo to your supervising attorney, etc.This breaks down a court decision into a more readable form.
10Facts What are the facts of the case? In this section you should briefly describe:The parties to the disputeWhat led them to courtIn the case of appellate proceedings, the procedural history of the case
11Facts (cont)Sorting out the parties and their status is an important part of understanding a case.You should limit your discussion of what happened to the relevant facts, those things that made a difference to the court in arriving at its holding (decision)
12Issues What are the Issue(s) in the case? The issue (or issues) before the court is the question at the heart of a dispute, which the court is called upon to settle. Understanding the issue is arguably the most important part of a case brief, because if you don’t understand the question, you will miss the answer, and perhaps overlook a case that could be helpful to your research.
13Issues (cont.)In many cases, the opinion states the issue in unambiguous terms. Look for sentences that begin with phrases such as “The question to be decided by the court…” or “The issue in this case is…” If the opinion itself does not spell out the issue, perhaps the overview of the case prepared by the publisher or the Syllabus prepared by the court official will designate it for you.Some law firms follow the practice of providing brief answers to each issue (such as “yes” or “no”), following the listing of issues. “
14Rules What are the rules (rule of law) that apply to the case? This part of the case sets forth the relevant statutes, regulations, ordinances, or common law principles that the court applies in arriving at its decision. It is not enough to simply list the applicable rule, but to also mention any exception or defense that the court applied.
15Analysis What is the analysis of the case? In this section, you will describe the argument that each party presented and how the court responded and applied the facts to the relevant law.If there were any facts that the court found “controlling” or “dispositive” (i.e., made a difference), be sure these facts have previously been mentioned so that the conclusion falls into place.
16Analysis (cont.) Describe the court’s reasons for the decision: What policy considerations were behind its decisions? Did the court describe any flaws in existing law or announce any changes its decision would bring about?If there were any concurring or dissenting opinions, as there often are in Supreme Court cases, identify the author and briefly summarize that justice’s position.
17Conclusion What is the conclusion? Briefly state the final outcome of the case. In an appellate opinion, that would include the disposition: how the opinion being appealed was affected (e.g., affirmed, modified, reversed and remanded, vacated, etc.).
18FIRAC The FIRAC method is used universally Once you become familiar with it, it will become second nature to youIt is the best way to organize legal writing
25UNIT 3 – PARTS OF A CASEWhew…that’s a lot of new information for many of you.What questions do you have?Don’t be frustrated….this is a lot of info at once. You’ll get used to this the more cases you read and look at!
26Written AssignmentDownload LeGrand v. Area Resources for Community and Human Services. Identify the following parts of the case: case name, court, jurisdiction, volume number of the case reporter where the case is found, name of the reporter, first sentence of the statement of facts, holding of the case and conclusion.
27Collins Fact PatternYou should now have some information to start working on the Collins Fact PatternUse what you have learned thus far to start working on the Course ProjectAnd of course if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to ask!