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Modern Novel Starter Describe your perfect beach What could you hear? What could you smell? What could you taste? What could you feel? What could you see?

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Novel Starter Describe your perfect beach What could you hear? What could you smell? What could you taste? What could you feel? What could you see?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Modern Novel Starter Describe your perfect beach What could you hear? What could you smell? What could you taste? What could you feel? What could you see?

2 Learning Objectives must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

3 Children playing Write down 5 emotions you feel Remember– if you don’t feel something, make it up! must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

4 The riot Write down 5 emotions you feel Remember– if you don’t feel something, make it up! must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

5 Now combine the two – children rioting How does that make you feel? REALLY think about it. Imagine an 8, 9, 10 year old fighting for their life, stabbing other people, killing, seeing dead bodies, fighting for their lives. Grim. must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

6 Survivor In groups of 4 you have a list of 20 items. You can only keep 10. You must write your 10 items out in order of importance, as a group must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

7 Make a Plan of Action Assign a role for each person: Who will be leader? Who will cook, clean, hunt? How will resources be shared? Will you look for help or wait to be found? must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

8 William Golding Born in 1911 Studied at Oxford University Worked as an actor, producer, writer & teacher Lieutenant of a small rocket ship in Royal Navy in WW2. He destroyed German ships and shelled German troops must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

9 Horrified by war - it revealed a dark side to people and showed their capacity and ability to harm fellow people, particularly the Nazi concentration camps, Japanese prisoners and British & American civilian bombings Justified – all in the ‘right’ but Golding questioned this smug assumption must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

10 Golding learned: all human nature is savage and unforgiving He knew that even the 'goodies' can become 'baddies'. must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

11 World War 2 ended in 1945 The United Nations was set up after the war to try to ensure that a global conflict never happened again In 1954, when Lord of the Flies was published, the threat of a nuclear war was still very real It was entirely plausible to the novel's original audience that an atom bomb really could destroy civilization must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

12 Desert Islands Most imaginary desert islands are peaceful paradises where the shipwrecked traveler manages to continue living pretty much as before - think of Robinson Crusoe, your descriptions and Desert Island Discs! must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

13 A Happy Story Coral Island by RM Ballantyne, published in 1857, 100 years before Golding's book: three young British boys are shipwrecked on a desert island and have to survive without any adults. Brave and resourceful, they thoroughly enjoy their experience and there is never a hint of trouble. As one of the characters, Peterkin, says, “There was indeed no note of discord whatever in that symphony we played together on that sweet coral island.” must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

14 From his experience as a teacher, Golding knew that the idyllic life of Coral Island could never exist in real life. He set out to write a novel that showed his ideas about the darker side of human nature starting from the same basis: boys stranded on a desert island, away from all civilising influences. Lord of the Flies was the result. must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

15 Mini Essay Question Use your notes to answer this question: What inspired Golding to write Lord of the Flies? Write as fully as you can must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

16 Learning Objectives must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

17 Plot Summary A plane crashes on an uninhabited island and the only survivors, a group of schoolboys, assemble on the beach and wait to be rescued. By day they inhabit a land of bright fantastic birds and dark blue seas, but at night their dreams are haunted by the image of a terrifying beast. The boys' delicate sense of order fades, and their childish fears are transformed into something deeper and more primitive. Their games take on a horrible significance, and before long the well-behaved party of schoolboys has turned into a tribe of faceless, murderous savages. must You must personalize the novel situation of being stranded on an island and work collaboratively. should You should learn briefly about the author’s life and the basic plotline of the novel. could You could learn about and be able to identify foreshadowing and the point of view of third person omniscient.

18 Themes: Write these down: The main themes that run through Lord of the Flies are: Things breaking down War Violence Relationships The Island Language We will look at these more as we read and at the end of the book must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

19 Things Breaking Down Golding himself wrote of his novel: “The boys try to construct a civilisation on the island; but it breaks down in blood and terror because the boys are suffering from the terrible disease of being human.” William Golding The central theme in Lord of the Flies is that of things breaking down. This is shown in a number of ways. Violence replaces peace, friends turn into enemies, life ends in savage death. Everything degenerates. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

20 War War is a running theme in the novel, starting from plane the boys were travelling in. The boys are on the island because the plane that was evacuating them from Britain during a fictional nuclear war was attacked. The civilization from which they were trying to escape is being destroyed. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

21 Violence Violence is always present. It starts as a game, but grows more horrific throughout the novel. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

22 Relationships All the friendships and good relationships on the island break down, either through bullying and violence or death. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

23 The Island The island slowly degrades as the story goes on, reflecting the break down of the boys' relationships The island is first seen as like paradise, too good to be true The island is soon found to contain many dangers - coconuts fall from the trees and just miss injuring Roger, the sun burns them, and the isolation is a curse. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

24 Language The language used by the boys progressively degenerates. At the start of the novel the youngest boys are called small boys. They become little'uns, littl'uns and finally littluns. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

25 Rules Who or what rules your life? Write 10 rules that dictate your life, that you feel you must obey or there are consequences. It could be a school rule, a law, a rule at home… must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

26 Foreshadowing Write this down: Foreshadowing is the presentation in a work of literature of hints and clues that tip the reader off as to what is to come later in the work must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

27 Third-Person Omniscient Write this down: The third-person omniscient is a narrative mode in which the reader is presented the story by a narrator with an overarching, godlike perspective, seeing and knowing everything that happens within the world of the story, regardless of the presence of certain characters, including everything all of the characters are thinking and feeling. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

28 Chapter 1 As we read chapter 1, find examples of foreshadowing and third-person omniscient narrative

29 Chapter 1: The Sound of The Shell Vocabulary 1.___Reef a. A great lustre or brightness. 2.___Asthma b. A shallow lake. 3.___Foliage c. Raised, standing out in relief. 4.___Effulgence d. A shell used as a trumpet. 5.___Lagoon e. A chain of rocks at or near the surface of water. 6.___Conch f. Leaves. 7.___Embossed g. Chronic respiration problem, characterized by wheezing. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

30 Question 1. What does Piggy call his glasses? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

31 Specs must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

32 Question 2. Who carries a knife? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

33 Jack must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

34 Question 3. Piggy can’t run or blow the conch on account of his… must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

35 Asthma must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

36 Question 4. What color is Simon’s hair? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

37 Black must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

38 Question 5. Who faints in the sand? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

39 Simon must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

40 Question 6. Who is the secretive, mysterious looking boy? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

41 Roger must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

42 Question 7. What is Jack’s last name? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

43 Merridew must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

44 Jeopardy Questions 8. Who becomes chief? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

45 Ralph must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

46 Question 9. What are the boys eating? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

47 Fruit must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

48 Question 10. What is the name of the shell Ralph blows to call an assembly? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

49 Conch must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

50 Chapter 1: The Sound of The Shell Questions 1. What is the “scar”? /2 2. How did the boys get to the island? /2 3. What happened to England? /2 4. Why did the boys choose Ralph as a leader? Who would you have chosen and why? /4 5. Give an example of foreshadowing. /2 6. What is the point of view of the narrator? Prove it: How do you know? /3 must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

51 Foreshadowing Write a descriptive passage explaining what is creepy about this house

52 Foreshadowing Hinting to the reader that there are bad things to come

53 Foreshadowing Examples “eyes that proclaimed no devil” -Early signal that Ralph is inherently good “they saw that the darkness was not all shadow…the creature was a party of boys” -Arrival of the choir – termed as ‘creature’ hints at the sinister/evil “The great rock loitered…smashed a deep hole in the canopy of the forest…the forest further down shook as with the passage of an enraged monster…”like a bomb” - Island is described very prettily – lots of references to pink, icing highlights unreality of setting. Boys disturb perfection – man destroying nature – monsters of civilization – the evil that destroys must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

54 Choose 1 of 2 topics: 1.You have just arrived on the island. What will you do for the first week? 2.If you were on the island which 3 personal items would you bring and why? Which people in your life would you bring? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

55 The Island SPEAKING OUT LOUD ALL AT ONCE Choose an area in the room where you can see a variety of different objects/pieces of furniture - go and sit in it. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island Describe not only what the area looks like but also what it feels like to the touch - rough, smooth, bumpy, cold, hot, wet, sticky? Describe the smell in that area. For example - the smell of wood, polish, school dinners, sweat, musty? Describe any sounds you can hear in that area of the room. For example - breathing, tapping, dripping, talking?

56 Read your page and write down any details about the island to share with the class What does is look like? What ‘things’ are on the island? What does is sound like? Are there any animals/people? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

57 Read through once – remember detail ‘The shore was fledged with palm trees. They stood or leaned or reclined against the light and their green feathers were a hundred feet up in the air. The ground beneath them was a bank covered with course grass, torn everywhere by the upheavals of fallen trees, scattered with decaying coco-nuts and the palm saplings. And always, almost visible, was the heat. The sounds of the bright fantastic birds, the bee-sounds, even the crying of the gulls that were returning to their roosts among the square rocks, were fainter. The deep sea breaking miles away. He picked himself to the edge of the lagoon and stood looking down into the water. It was clear to the bottom and bright with the efflorescence of tropical weed and coral. A school of tiny, glittering fish flicked hither and thither. He plunged in. The water was warmer than his blood and he might have been swimming in a huge bath. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island Memory Experiment:

58 How many details can you remember? What did they see? hear? feel? smell? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

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60 Lord of the flies is descriptive Golding uses descriptive language and imagery to paint a picture in the readers head. must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

61 How does the island change as the day progresses from morning to night? Strange things happened at midday. The glittering sea rose up, the coral reef and the few, stunted palms that clung to the more elevated parts would float up into the sky, would quiver, be plucked apart. Sometimes land loomed where there was no land. At midday the illusions merged into the sky and there the sun gazed down like an angry eye. Then, at the end of the afternoon, the mirage subsided and the horizon became level and blue. When the sun sank, darkness dropped on the island like an extinguisher.’ must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

62 The Island SPEAKING OUT LOUD ALL AT ONCE Choose an area in the room where you can see a variety of different objects/pieces of furniture - go and sit in it. Describe not only what the area looks like but also what it feels like to the touch - rough, smooth, bumpy, cold, hot, wet, sticky? Describe the smell in that area. For example - the smell of wood, polish, school dinners, sweat, musty? Describe any sounds you can hear in that area of the room. For example - breathing, tapping, dripping, talking? must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

63 Read Chapter 2 You will be drawing a map of the island so make sure you concentrate on the description must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

64 Make A Map “The very confusion of the island, the, as it were, growing confusion of the island, is a sort of image of the growing confusion in the boys’ minds. They are lost in more ways than one” [In other words, they don’t have a clue what they are doing!] -William Golding must You must demonstrate and understanding of the themes in Lord of the Flies should You should recognise themes and literacy features in Chapter 1 of Lord of the Flies could You could analyse Golding’s thoughts behind Lord of the Flies through comparison of Chapter 1 with The Coral Island

65 The island is not clearly laid out in the book. Golding attributes this to the fact that the boys themselves don’t know the landscape well. Do you visualize it as you read? Today you are going to create a map in your groups. 1.Draw a map in which you try to show the layout of the island. Label the following locations: The fire The beach The crash site Where they hunt Where they gather Where they collect water Where Ralph’s group lives Where Jack’s tribe lives Where the Beastie lives 2.You could also include the sites of any key events in the novel, e.g where the conch was found.


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