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1 CSIT600c: Web Services Programming Writing IT Papers Dickson K.W. Chiu PhD, SMIEEE.

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Presentation on theme: "1 CSIT600c: Web Services Programming Writing IT Papers Dickson K.W. Chiu PhD, SMIEEE."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 CSIT600c: Web Services Programming Writing IT Papers Dickson K.W. Chiu PhD, SMIEEE

2 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-2 Writing a Paper – Process Overview Step 1 - Getting Started Step 2 - Discovering and Choosing a Topic Step 3 - Looking for and Forming a Focus Step 4 - Gathering Information Step 5 - Preparing to Write Step 5 - Preparing to Write Step 6 - Writing the Paper Reference: A Plus Research and Writing Reference: A Plus Research and Writing A Plus Research and WritingA Plus Research and Writing

3 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-3 1. Getting Started 1.1 Understand the task and requirements (also the audience) 1.2 Consider the process (e.g., the steps outline in this set of slides) you'll use 1.3 Set deadlines and roadmaps for each step of the process 1.4 Think about possible topics within the constraints of 1.1 1.5 Info Search - browse, read, relax 1.6 Relate your prior experience and learning 1.7 Jot down your questions and ideas about possible topics 1.8 Brainstorm, alone and with others

4 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-4 2. Discovering and choosing a topic 2.1 Info Search - read for overview of various topics 2.2 Continue thinking and jotting down questions and ideas in your notebook 2.3 Info Survey - what print and electronic resources are available 2.4 Try and think “what-if” on different topics preliminarily

5 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-5 3. Looking for and Forming a Focus Goal: Exploring your topic, finding and forming a focus 3.1 Info Search - exploring your topic 3.2 Info Search - preliminary note taking Record the info source for citation 3.3 Purposeful thinking about possible focuses Try to focus on something new, useful, and interesting Think about justifications for your focus Other directions / alternatives not used - comparison, future work 3.4 Choosing a focus or combining themes to form a focus Considering your output size and time

6 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-6 4. Gathering Information 4.1 Info Search - finding, collecting, and recording record your sources in the bibliographic format required for citation 4.2 Think about clarifying or refining your focus 4.3 Start organizing your notes into logical groups 4.4 Think about your thesis statement - the main point of your finding or the main contribution of your paper

7 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-7 5. Preparing to Write 5.1 Analyze and organize your information 5.2 Construct a thesis statement Boil down the main point of your paper to a single statement declares the position you are taking in your paper sets up the way you will organize your discussion points to the conclusion you will draw 5.3 Weed out irrelevant information 5.4 Info Search - fill in the gaps

8 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-8 6. Writing the Paper 6.1 Think about the assignment, the audience and the purpose 6.2 Prepare an outline 6.3 Make your designs and diagrams 6.4 Write the rough draft 6.5 Know how to use your source materials and cite them 6.6 Have others read and critique the paper 6.7 Revise and proofread Consider using Powerpoint slides

9 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-9 Paper Structure Title, Abstract, Keyword Introduction Background of the problem Related work (other papers or systems) Elaborate your problem statement Detail your solution of the problem Formal evaluation of your solution (if any) Discussions (qualitative evaluation) Conclusion and Future Work References Appendices Ref: J. W. Chinneck, “How to organize your thesis”J. W. Chinneck, “How to organize your thesis”

10 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-10 Paper - Title, Abstract, Keyword Title reflect problem statement and thesis sentence Author in the order of contribution to the work Abstract communicate the important ideas of the paper write the abstract before the paper and even the outline focuses your attention on the main ideas you wants to convey Keyword / Index terms on your topic used for indexing in digital libraries include especially those not in the title or abstract

11 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-11 Paper - Introduction Problem Statement Thesis sentence Motivate your paper Briefly, why existing systems / approach are inadequate There are needs for your work Why / when / how your work is useful Introduce the contribution of your paper Main advantage of your approach Point out any novelty Introduce the paper structure very briefly Refrain from detail background information to the next section

12 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-12 Paper - Background Depends on your audience Especially necessary if your work spans two or more traditional fields About a certain specific industry or application domain (e.g., SME brokerage in HK) Introduce definitions, jargons, etc. Case study or motivating example Requirements – highlight new ones Stakeholders (cf. use case analysis) Inadequacy of existing approach Justify a new approach Introduce (briefly) the new approach / technologies that you propose to use their general advantages with reference to the above Consider a more specific section title

13 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-13 Paper – Related Work Review of the State of the Art Organize this section by idea Cite other related works / systems / websites Compare your approach with others Organize in subsections if necessary too long better / highlight classification Demonstrate the novelty or merit of your work by comparison

14 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-14 Paper – Elaborate your problem statement Detail what your problems are, referring to background and related work Model your problem Use diagrams to conceptualized your problem UML Class diagrams UML activity diagrams to show business process … Formal / mathematical models (!)

15 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-15 Paper – Detail your solution Solution overview May be in the form of a methodology (stepwise recipe) System architecture Algorithms and other detailed design UML activity diagram – flowchart UML sequence diagrams – protocol Summarized code / XML listing (only very necessary) … Detailed data structures (only very necessary) From formal / mathematical models, derive useful properties (!) Justify them as your present them Compare alternative design choices

16 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-16 Paper - Formal evaluation of your solution (if any) Experiment quantitative measurement of prototype (e.g., performance) Gathering users’ experience Simulation Survey Mathematical proofs (!) Less formal and pratical: proof-of-concept prototype …

17 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-17 Paper - Discussions (qualitative evaluation) Convince the readers that you answered the question or solved the problem Based of quantitative results or qualitative discussions or both What you did is relevant and effective Systems meet the requirement of stakeholders Studies meet the objectives Technical, economical, managerial merits of your approach … Experience you gained from your work (e.g., system implementation) Applicability of your results and whether your result can be generalized, scale-up, etc. State any limitations of your current work and suggest improvements for future work

18 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-18 Paper - Conclusions Conclusions short, concise statements relate to your research question and discussion Summary of Contributions, e.g., Novel system, architecture, methodology New business models and functions Practical and more effective solutions with new technologies … Future work

19 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-19 Paper - References Closely tied to the review of the state of the art Cite other work to justify major assumptions and claims (e.g., which issue / aspect / strategy is the most important for a certain industry / system / problem domain) Source for technical references (e.g., BPEL) All references given must be referred to in the main body (different from bibliography) Different publisher has different reference (and paper) formatting styles American Psychological Association (APA) style American Psychological Association Not only the format but also how to refer See: Nuts and bots of college writingNuts and bots of college writing

20 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-20 Paper – Appendices Any material which impedes the smooth development of your presentation, but important to justify the results gives the impression that you have done solid work Code listing, database schema, diagrams Immense tables of data Lengthy mathematical proofs or derivations …

21 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-21 Publications Workshop proceedings Usually preliminary new ideas Very focused topic Conference proceedings Varies in content and quality On a certain area Usually quick new results or ideas Journals and Transactions Polished research results Some have surveys (e.g., ACM Computing Surveys) Usually a longer turn-around time and a few review cycles Many have (occasional) special issues of new topics Cite a journal instead of a conference / workshop proceeding for the same work Magazines (e.g., Communications of the ACM) quick new ideas, results, review on hot topics interested to a large community of readers Book Chapters – collection of papers on a specific (usually new) topic

22 Dickson Chiu 2005CSIT600c 03-22 Read and evaluate a paper Original Ideas Reality Lessons Choices Context Focus Presentation Writing Style The Elements of Style by William Strunk, Jr. The Elements of Style Reference: How (and How Not) to Write a Good Systems Paper by Roy Levin and David D. Redell How (and How Not) to Write a Good Systems Paper Writing Good Software Engineering Research Papers, by Mary Shaw Writing Good Software Engineering Research Papers

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