2Why do Science Fair?Student research promotes skills that are essential in the job force:TeamworkResponsibilityOrganizationHonestyDisciplineTime managementEthics
3Choosing a Topic Sources of ideas and inspiration: Conversations with teachers, scientists and studentsMagazine and newspaper articlesBooksAnything that causes you to wonder why or why not and motivates you to investigate furtherSee web resources in the handbook at:
4Safety and Regulations Certain areas of study must be in compliance and have special forms signed before beginning the project. See handbook. These forms can be downloaded from the “Rules Wizard” at the following web site:Also check out the “Project Primer” and “Document Library” on the same site.No vertebrate animal experimentation is allowed in middle school.
5Writing your Research Paper: Use 3rd personType in a 12 point standard fontCheck your spelling and grammarTITLE PAGEPut your title in themiddle of the page.NAMESCHOOLGRADE
6ABSTRACT Use this format: COMPLETE PROJECT TITLE (all in capital letters, as it appears on project)Student’s name (Last name, First name, Middle initial if used)Broward County Science FairCategory enteredThe following parts should be included in an abstract1. PURPOSE: Why is the research being done?2. HYPOTHESIS: What is the expected outcome of the research?3. PROCEDURE: Briefly, in paragraph form, describe the materialsused and how the experiment was done. This section should not be a list, but a summary of your methods.4. RESULTS: Briefly summarize the data from charts and graphs in narrative form. Include only information collected during the study.5. CONCLUSIONS: Briefly, in narrative form, cite interpretation of the results. Briefly, compare findings with other research.Include suggestions for procedural improvements andrecommendations for future study.APPLICATION: How is this research useful for everyday life?THE ABSTRACT SHOULD BE APPROXIMATELY 250 WORDS, SINGLE-SPACED ON A SEPARATE PAGE, FONT SIZE NO SMALLER THAN 10 POINT, AND IT SHOULD FIT IN THE BOX ON THE FORM AT THE ISEF WEBSITE:
7PURPOSE STATEMENTWrite one to three sentences that explains why you are doing this investigation. The problem is stated in the form of a question.Example: “Which soap powder is most effective in removing ketchup stains?”THE PROBLEM STATEMENT IS THE FIRST SENTENCE OF YOUR INTRODUCTION
8BACKGROUND RESEARCH (INTRODUCTION) This section helps the reader to understand your topic. It discusses the information that was learned and explains the reasons why you chose this hypothesis.The introduction should be 3-5 pages long or approximately 1,000 words.
9HYPOTHESISA hypothesis states what you think is going to happen when you investigate a question. It is written in “If…then” format: If the independent variable is applied, then the dependent variable will change in a certain way.Example: If marigold plants are watered with cola, milk and water, then the plants watered with milk will grow tallest.THE HYPOTHESIS IS THE LAST SENTENCE OF YOUR INTRODUCTION
11MATERIALSList all materials used in your investigation. Include what, how much and what kinds of materials you used. Keep in mind quantities are important. Be sure to use only metric units.Good Listing Poor Listing3 – 15x15 cm squares of each: Paper towelsBrawny, Gala, ScottGeneric paper towels250 ml graduated beaker Measuring cup750 ml water 20º C Water1 – 20x20 cm square cake pan ContainerCelsius thermometer ThermometerClock with second hand Clock
12PROCEDUREYour step-by-step directions are like a recipe. Anyone who reads them will be able to duplicate your investigation and get the same results. You must repeat your experiment 10 times.Example:Question: “Do all brands of paper towels absorb the same amount of water?”Step-by-Step Directions: “Cut three 15x15 cm square from each brand of paper towel. Label each cut piece with brand name. Pour 50 ml of 20ºC water into 20x20 cm square pan. Place 1 square of Generic brand paper towel into water in pan. Leave for 30 seconds. Remove paper towel. Measure water remaining in pan and record. Dry pan. Repeat steps 4-8 for each brand of paper towel. Repeat entire process 10 times for each brand of paper towel.
13CONTROLSKeep everything the same except for the variable being tested. The control group receives the same treatment as the test group, but the independent variable isn’t applied.
14VARIABLESA variable is something that can be changed in the experiment. An independent variable is what you change on purpose to see its effect. A dependent variable is what changed or did not change in response to what was changed on purpose.
15DATA LOGData refers to information gathered during your investigation.Your data log should include:1. Detailed day-by-day notes on the progress of your projectA. What you are actually doingB. Problems you have with your investigationC. Things you would change if you were doing this investigation again2. Any drawings that you feel might help explain your work3. Data that you gather from your investigation (notes, tables, charts, graphs)Be sure that you date each entry in your log
16Making a GraphTitle: The title is a short description of the data being displayed.Horizontal Axis: The Independent Variable (what you changed on purpose) is displayed on the horizontal axis.Vertical Axis: The Dependent Variable (what happened as a result of what you changed) is displayed on the vertical axis.
17DATA ANALYSISDiscuss patterns and/or trends in your data. Explain why they occurred. Describe any problems with your experiment.
18RESULTSInterpret the data. State the findings of the experiment based upon the data you observed and analyzed.
19WRITING A CONCLUSIONBefore you write your conclusions, carefully examine all your data (graphs, charts, tables.)Answer these questions:1. Did you get the results you expected toget?2. Did your experiment support your hypothesis?
20APPLICATIONSTell how the project and results are useful.RECOMMENDATIONSTell how you would improve your project or what you would do to extend it for further study.
21BIBLIOGRAPHYOn a separate page, list alphabetically all books, articles, people or other sources you used for researching and writing your paper. Indent the second line of each citation. Do not number the citations.See Use APA style.Use at least 5 sources and cite the Intel ISEF Display and Safety Regulations
22ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSOn a separate page, make a list of any people, including your parents, who may have helped you.
24SUGGESTED TIMELINE WEEK # WEEKLY OBJECTIVES 2 Proposal (problem and way student might go about researching and solving it).3 2 source cards. Plan for developing evidence for display4 3 source cards5 3 source cards6 2 source cards7-8 Rough draft of: Procedures, Materials, and Data Table design7-8 Submission of ISEF Certification Forms. Approval is for actual experimentation or data collection.9-11 Rough draft of: Data collection, Data analysis, Conclusion, Abstract12 Final copy (includes all parts of a formal science research paper)13-14 Display design and construction
25ResourcesConsult the following website for these forms and any additional forms you may need:Checklist for Adult Sponsor / Safety Assessment FormResearch Plan (1A)Research Plan AttachmentApproval Form (1B)SponsorsExxon / Mobil Educational Alliance ProgramWal-MartOffice DepotLocal Businesses
26Dates School Fair = week of December 15th ? County Fair = first week of February