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Developed by Cheryl Tice, Instructional Support Specialist.

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2 Developed by Cheryl Tice, Instructional Support Specialist

3 1.Use the BLUE text links to help you learn more about each of the topics on the timeline and to help you answer the questions. 2.You should be able to finish 3 or more slides each day for 3 days. 3.Print out the WORKSHEET to record your answers or use the FORM to fill in your answers on the computer.WORKSHEETFORM 4.Have fun!!

4 Early 1900’s European nations developed a strong sense of nationalism, imperialism, and militarism Tensions grew as a result Some countries formed alliances Questions: 1.Use Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary to define nationalism, imperialism and militarism.Use Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary 2.Why do you think nationalism is considered one of the causes of “The Great War”? (You may use p. 648 in your text to help you!)

5 Trench Warfare used by both Allied and Central Powers throughout much of the war resulting in tremendous loss of life and stalemate. (Learn about and see pictures of the Trench Experience)Trench Warfare Trench Experience Rifle was the most fundamental infantry weapon throughout World War IRifle Primitive machine-gun used required more than one person to operate the gunmachine-gun Mortars first used by Germans in WWI, then the BritishMortars Aircraft used but not be relied upon for heavy bombing until the last months of the warAircraft Questions: 1.Do Activities 1, 2, & 3 on the Learning Curve site about weapons used in World War I. Print activities 1 and 2.123Learning Curve 2.Define stalemate using Merriam-Webster’s Online DictionaryMerriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary

6 6/28 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were assassinatedArchduke Franz Ferdinand 7/1914 – Austria-Hungary declared war, with Germany’s support, on Serbia Russia, France and Britain came to Serbia’s aid 8/1: The Great War was underway Questions: 1.Who assassinated Archduke Ferdinand? Why?Archduke Ferdinand 2.List the Allied Powers and the Central Powers.Allied Powers and the Central Powers 3.Who remained neutral when the war broke out? Briefly explain that country’s desire to remain neutral.neutral

7 1/3: First large-scale use of Chemical Weapons by the GermansChemicalWeapons 1/19: First German Zeppelin air raid on England. Listen to what eyewitness Sybil Morrison had to say about one of the Zeppelin attacks…Zeppelin Sybil Morrison 2/4: Germany declares a submarine blockade of Great Britain 5/7: Sinking of the passenger ship LusitaniaLusitania 8/30: Germany responds to US anger about the Lusitania by no longer sinking ships without warning Late 1915: British develop their first mortarmortar Question: Why did Germany sink the Lusitania?Lusitania

8 Question: What was Wilson’s campaign slogan during the 1916 race for the presidency? (on the site go to EDIT->FIND and type in ‘campaign slogan’)campaign slogan 1/1916: 1 st combat tank ready for demonstration in Britain1 st combat tank 2/21 – 12/18: Battle of Verdun, the longest battle of the warBattle of Verdun 5/31 - 6/1: The Battle of Jutland (only major naval engagement ends in Stalemate) 11/7: Woodrow Wilson re-elected as PresidentWoodrow Wilson 12/7: David Lloyd George becomes British Prime Minister

9 Early in 1917: British Intelligence intercepts the Zimmerman Telegram, a secret German message to Mexico promising US territory to Mexico in return for supporting GermanyZimmerman Telegram 2/1: Germany once again declares unrestricted submarine warfare 4/1917: Wilson creates Committee on Public Information to promote the war domestically while publicizing American war aims abroadCommittee on Public Information 4/6: US declares war on Germany 6/15: Congress approves the Espionage Act making it illegal to interfere in the war effortEspionage Act Questions: State 3 reasons that the United States decided to join in the war effort.join in Who is Eugene V. Debs and why did he go to jail?Eugene V. Debs Do you think you would have agreed with the terms of the Espionage Act during the Great War? Briefly defend your answer.Espionage Act

10 1/18: Wilson offers 14 Points to World Peace14 Points 3/21: Germans launch the first of five major offensives to win the war before America joins the warfirst of five major offensives 5/23: Germany bombs Paris 8/8: Allied counteroffensives on the Somme force the German army back 9/29: Allied troops breach German defenses at the Hindenberg line 10/28: Germany's sailors mutiny when asked to sail out to fight again 11/9: Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicatesKaiser Wilhelm II 11/10: A German republic is established 11/11: The war ends in Europe as Germany and the Allies sign an Armisticewar ends Armistice Questions: Define abdicate ( 2 nd definition ), kaiser ( 1 st definition ), and armistice.abdicatekaiserarmistice

11 1/1919: Peace Conference takes place in ParisPeace Conference 6/28: Peace Treaty signed by German diplomats and the Allies in Versailles. See how Europe’s borders changed as a result of World War I.Peace TreatyVersailles. changed 7/19: The Cenotaph (a war memorial) unveiled in LondonCenotaph 8/1919 – 9/1919: Woodrow Wilson campaigns to ratify the Treaty of Versailles to the American peopleWoodrow WilsonTreaty of Versailles Question: 1.Who were the “Big 4” and what countries did they represent?Big 4 2.What country was blamed for World War I?blamed 3.Who was the chief opponent to the Treaty and the League of Nations in Congress?chief opponent 4.What did Wilson do in an attempt to rally public support for the treaty? What happened to him as a result? ( last paragraph on the web page ) Did it work? ( last 2 paragraphs )public support resultwork

12 1/1920: Germany finally accepts the Versailles Treaty 3/19/1920: The US Senate fails to ratify the Versailles Treaty 1920: Warren Harding elected President 6/1921: US officially ended their part in the Great War by signing a separate treaty with the Central Powers. Questions: 1.Briefly explain why the United States Senate was against ratifying the Versailles Treaty and joining the League of Nations? (paragraph 3)joining the League of Nations? 2.Do you agree or disagree with the Senate’s decision. Briefly explain your position in 2 - 3 sentences.

13 “Bond’s Latest Mission: The Treaty of Versailles” WebQuest Complete the activities offered on the Learning Curve site (It’s a great way to apply what you have learned!) Political cartoons and what they mean Gallery: Poster Art of WWI American propaganda posters

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