Presentation on theme: "The Great Depression and the Rise of Totalitarianism"— Presentation transcript:
1The Great Depression and the Rise of Totalitarianism CHAPTER 284/15/2017CHAPTER 28The Great Depression and the Rise of TotalitarianismSection 1: The Postwar EraSection 2: Postwar Prosperity CrumblesSection 3: Political Tensions After World War ISection 4: Fascist DictatorshipsSection 5: Dictatorship in the Soviet Union
2The Postwar Era Objectives: Section 1: Explain how scientific theories affected thinking in other areas of life.Identify ways in which writers, musicians, painters, and architects experimented with new forms.Describe how popular culture and consumerism affected societies.
3The Effects of Scientific Events and Ideas Section 1:The Postwar EraThe Effects of Scientific Events and IdeasA global epidemicScientific and social theories
4New Directions in Literature Section 1:The Postwar EraNew Directions in LiteratureDissatisfaction with traditional ideas, disillusionmentExamination of unconscious motivationsSurrealismPoetry without rhyme with lines of varying lengths
5New Directions in Music, Painting, and Architecture Section 1:The Postwar EraNew Directions in Music, Painting, and ArchitectureMusic – Stravinsky, Schoenberg; radio gave rise to jazzPainting – Picasso created cubism; Dali used surrealismArchitecture – Sullivan used functionalism, developed skyscraper; Frank Lloyd Wright influenced international style
6Popular Culture and Consumerism Section 1:The Postwar EraPopular Culture and ConsumerismEntertainment – motion pictures, sportsConsumer culture – more luxury items purchased, radio advertising, buying on credit, prohibition
7Postwar Prosperity Crumbles Section 2:Postwar Prosperity CrumblesObjectives:Identify the weaknesses that appeared in the global economy during the postwar era.Describe how nations initially responded to the Great Depression.Explain how the New Deal marked a shift in the U.S. government’s relationship with its citizens and the economy.
8Signs of Economic Troubles Section 2:Postwar Prosperity CrumblesSigns of Economic TroublesFarmers – farmers struggled while industry prosperedProtectionism – economic nationalismSpeculation and panic – risky investments in stock market, Black Tuesday occurred when stock market crashed
10Postwar Prosperity Crumbles Section 2:Postwar Prosperity CrumblesThe New DealProgram of relief and reformSocial Security Act provided for unemployment and old-age benefits
11Political Tensions After World War I Section 3:Political Tensions After World War IObjectives:Describe the difficulties that France faced during the postwar years.Explain how the British government dealt with its domestic problems.Identify the problems that weakened eastern European governments.
12France’s Postwar Difficulties Section 3:Political Tensions After World War IFrance’s Postwar DifficultiesThe economy – government and individuals were in debtInternational affairs – Locarno Pact pledged that countries would peacefully settle all future disputesPolitical unrest – strikes in various industries; Popular Front came to power, then fell; extremist actions
13Great Britain After World War I Section 3:Political Tensions After World War IGreat Britain After World War ILabor troubles – outdated industry, unemploymentIreland - bloody revolt against Great Britain; Irish Republican Army fought for independence
14Political Tensions After World War I Section 3:Political Tensions After World War IEastern EuropeWeak economiesConflicts between socialists and conservativesNew boundaries caused unrest
15Fascist Dictatorships Section 4:Fascist DictatorshipsObjectives:Describe how Benito Mussolini transformed Italy into a fascist state.Explain why the Weimar Republic failed.Trace how Adolf Hitler became an important figure in Germany.Describe how the Nazis used power in Germany.
16The Rise of Fascism in Italy Section 4:Fascist DictatorshipsThe Rise of Fascism in ItalyFascist doctrine – dictatorship and totalitarianism, opposed communism and democracyMussolini’s rise to power – appointed Fascists to all official positions in center governmentThe corporatist state – major economic activities were organized similar to corporations
17Fascist Dictatorships Section 4:Fascist DictatorshipsThe Weimar RepublicTreaty of Versailles was humiliating, opposed Germany’s interestsHigh unemployment, soaring inflation
18Fascist Dictatorships Section 4:Fascist DictatorshipsThe Nazis and HitlerNazi Party was extremely nationalistic, anti-Semitic, and anticommunistHitler wrote Mein Kampf, which planned for racial purity, promised to repeal Treaty of Versailles
19Fascist Dictatorships Section 4:Fascist DictatorshipsThe Nazis in PowerCreated anticommunist hysteria
20Dictatorship in the Soviet Union Section 5:Dictatorship in the Soviet UnionObjectives:Identify the terms of the New Economic Policy.Describe how Stalin shaped the Soviet economy.Explain why Stalin imprisoned and executed millions of Soviet people.
21Dictatorship in the Soviet Union Section 5:Dictatorship in the Soviet UnionRussia Under LeninNew Economic Policy – nationalized industries, collectivized armsWomen’s roles – gave women more rightsEducation was priority
22Dictatorship in the Soviet Union Section 5:Dictatorship in the Soviet UnionThe Five-Year PlanAmbitious agricultural, industrial, and social goals to create a modern, industrialized societyCaused hardships for Soviet people, were forced to comply
23Stalin’s Dictatorship Section 5:Dictatorship in the Soviet UnionStalin’s DictatorshipGovernment under Stalin – purge of disloyal party members, extended to general populationForeign policy – wanted rest of world to accept Soviet Union, but tried to spread Communist revolution