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29 Nov 1292 - John inaugurated by Englishmen 26 Nov 1292 - homage for Scotland 4 Jan 1293 - released Edward I from any oaths.

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Presentation on theme: "29 Nov 1292 - John inaugurated by Englishmen 26 Nov 1292 - homage for Scotland 4 Jan 1293 - released Edward I from any oaths."— Presentation transcript:

1 29 Nov John inaugurated by Englishmen 26 Nov homage for Scotland 4 Jan released Edward I from any oaths

2 The Reign of John I, Nicholson, ch. 3 - clearing backlog of legal cases - Annual parliaments? - establishing west coast sheriffships:- Skye - earl of Ross Lorne- Macdougalls of Argyll Kintyre - Steward - containing the Bruces...

3 Resisting LongshanksNicholson ch summoned to English court to answer Scottish legal appeals; Macduff, MacDonald, Eric of Norway etc John and bishops refused to come to London; gave in when threatened with loss of castles. June Edward demanded Scottish military service v. France Sept Welsh revolt 23 Oct ALLIANCE WITH FRANCE

4 Scottish ‘forinsec’ service:- able-bodied men for 40 days a year, without pay. Along with knights, archers, men-at-arms owed by feudal grants. English professional army;- Commissioners of Array could select best infantry and archers from each county. Lords would have retinues of knights, esquires etc.. Paid daily wage.

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7 27 April battle near Dunbar castle, SE Scotland.

8 7-10 July submission of John, Comyns etc. at Brechin Balliol stripped of kingship, Stone of Scone etc. removed 26 July Edward reaches Elgin in Moray

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10 Edward’s settlement for the ‘land’ of Scotland 22 August Parliament at Berwick:- - Earl of Surrey Lieutenant - Hugh Cressingham Treasurer (collects £5,188 from Scots by June 1297) - 30 English sheriffs - English escheator and justiciars

11 Rising of Andrew Murray, with help of Comyns clears north-east Urquhart castle, Loch Ness

12 Rising of William Wallace in west… Born c. 1270, Elderslie, Renfrew? Ellerslie, Ayrshire? 2nd son of minor noble Spring/Summer attacks English from Dumfries to Dundee English sources… Aided and advised by the Bishop of Glasgow and Steward?

13 What is Robert Bruce, junior, aged 21, up to in June 1297? …father on Edward I’s side 1296 but younger Robert rebels with Bishop of Glasgow and the Steward June 1297 only to surrender at Irvine...

14 English invasion map c. 1300

15 Stirling Bridge 11 Sept 1297 English forces:- 200 heavy horse 10,000 foot Scots forces:- 36 horse? 8,000 foot

16 ‘Stirling Bridge’ by William Hole National Galleries of Scotland.

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18 Achievements of William Wallace, October letter with Andrew Moray to Lubeck/Hamburg Nov-Dec raids Northumberland March 1298 Parliament - elected Guardian - restoring Government - new bishop of St Andrews - William Lamberton - contact with France/Papacy - training forces

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20 Wallace’s Invasion of Northumbria, late 1297

21 Achievements of William Wallace, October letter with Andrew Moray to Lubeck/Hamburg Nov-Dec raids Northumberland March 1298 Parliament - elected Guardian - restoring Government - new bishop of St Andrews - William Lamberton - contact with France/Papacy - training forces


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