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395-407 -Analyze a primary source document. -Describe the everyday life of the people during the 14th and 15th Centuries. 395-407 -Analyze a primary source.

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Presentation on theme: "395-407 -Analyze a primary source document. -Describe the everyday life of the people during the 14th and 15th Centuries. 395-407 -Analyze a primary source."— Presentation transcript:

1 Analyze a primary source document. -Describe the everyday life of the people during the 14th and 15th Centuries Analyze a primary source document. -Describe the everyday life of the people during the 14th and 15th Centuries AnalyzeDescribelife AnalyzeDescribelife

2 AP European History The Canterbury Tales The Canterbury Tales Document Analysis Form The Canterbury TalesThe Canterbury Tales Title of Document: Author: (Please provide the original author, if available.) Prior Knowledge: Analyze Point of View: The time and place written, for whom it was written (Audience), and the reason the author wrote the piece (Purpose). Time and Place: Audience: Purpose: Analysis of Document: What is the main idea of the document ; what does it tell you about the time period’s cultural/intellectual, political/diplomatic, and/or social/economic trends (Significance)? Main Idea: Point of View:

3 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) What issues characterized the fourteenth century in Europe? –Decades of destruction caused by war. –Black Death decimated much of the population. –Agriculture suffered (fields lay untilled or ruined in France, Low Countries. –Taxes increased (particularly in England). –Frustration among the population contributed to crime and revolts For most people marriage and the parish church remained the focus of their lives. Historians once believed that since peasants were illiterate and left few written records, little could be known about their lives… HOWEVER, recent English manorial, church (ecclesiastical) and coroners’ records have provided a wealth of information.

4 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Directions Directions : Directions –You will have 2 minutes to create a skit on the topic assigned to your group. Each group will then “act out” their skit and then we will discuss that segment of the reading as the class takes notes. –Raise your hand when you think you can guess the term being presented.

5 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Marriage –High frequency of premarital sex and conception. –While the Catholic Church stressed that marriages must be freely entered into by both partners, most marriages were arranged by parents with economics in mind. merchet fee merchet fee banns banns –There was also a shared equality of responsibility between husband and wife as well as affection (Paston Family). –Men married in their twenties, women in their early to mid- teens. –Prostitution was commonplace and actually sanctioned by local authorities.

6 Prostitute inviting traveling merchant

7 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Marriage –Divorce officially did not exist, the church taught that once a valid marriage was entered into it could never be dissolved.

8 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Life in the village or parish –Agricultural work was performed collectively, as both men and women shared tasks and religious festivals corresponded with agricultural calendar. –Peasants were burdened by service obligations to the lord of the manor. lord of the manor. –Guilds tried to maintain a monopoly over it’s product by setting high standards and restricting membership excluding women altogether. –Entertainment was violent and alcohol consumption was typically high. was typically high. –The laity (non clergy) held great influence over parish property and Church affairs.

9 (continued…) -Analyze a primary source document. -Describe the everyday life of the people during the 14th and 15th Centuries (continued…) -Analyze a primary source document. -Describe the everyday life of the people during the 14th and 15th Centuries.AnalyzeDescribelifeAnalyzeDescribelife

10 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Crime –Fur-Collar Crime existed as nobles turned to robbery and extortion in order to maintain their standard of living and extortion in order to maintain their standard of living during times of peace. during times of peace. Usually these crimes involved robbery, extortion and Usually these crimes involved robbery, extortion and taking advantage of the judicial system. taking advantage of the judicial system. Additional crimes included kidnapping the wealthy and Additional crimes included kidnapping the wealthy and holding them for ransom. holding them for ransom. Origins of such folk tales and ballads as Robin Hood Origins of such folk tales and ballads as Robin Hood grew out of this. grew out of this. Governments were too small, weak and/or distracted to deal with Fur-Collar Crime.Governments were too small, weak and/or distracted to deal with Fur-Collar Crime.

11 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Peasant Revolts –Nobles, clergy and city dwellers lived on what the peasants produced (crops and heavy taxation), which contributed to the outbreak of peasant revolts. –Examples included Flemish (Flanders), French, German and English revolts: Flanders Revolt of 1302 –Border dispute where the Flemish Infantry attacked the French Army (The Battle of the Golden Spurs) where the French later won and forced payment of heavy indemnites on Flanders. –This led to revolt in Flanders ( ) which was the first mass revolt due the indemnities and high taxes.

12 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Peasant Revolts –Examples: In 1358, French peasants upset with high taxes due to the Hundred Years War, plague and famine, rebelled in the “Jacquerie”. –Mobs roamed the French countryside slashing the throats of nobles, destroying property and raping women before the upper classes united together to put down the revolt.

13 The Jacquerie, 1358

14 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Peasant Revolts –Examples: The Peasants’ Revolt in England (1381) 1381 –Caused by hardships on the peasants including the Statute of Laborers (1351), unwillingness of government to protect people in the south from French raids, and the re-imposition of the “head tax”.

15 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Racism –Increased due to the migration of people throughout Europe: At first, “legal Dualism” was allowed where groups were held accountable to their traditional ways while in a foreign land: –In Spain the Mudejars (Muslims) ruled by Christian kings were held to their own laws, not Spanish. Later, this changed into discrimination: –Dalimil Chronicle (Czech) –Statute of Kilkenny (Irish)

16 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Vernacular Literature –In the 1300s, authors began writing in the everyday language of the people, or the vernacular, instead of Latin. Dante wrote the Divine Comedy in Italian. Dante wrote the Divine Comedy in Italian.

17 Dante shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence.

18 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Vernacular Literature –In the 1300s, authors began writing in the everyday language of the people, or the vernacular, instead of Latin. Dante wrote the Divine Comedy in Italian. Dante wrote the Divine Comedy in Italian. Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales in Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales in English. English.

19 The Canterbury Tales The Canterbury Tales Chaucer The Canterbury Tales

20 Illustration of The Canterbury Tales

21 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Vernacular Literature –In the 1300s, authors began writing in the everyday language of the people, or the vernacular, instead of Latin. Dante wrote the Divine Comedy in Italian. Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales in English. English. Francois Villon wrote the Grand Testament in French.

22 Francois Villon – “Grand Testament”

23 Everyday Life of the People (14 th -15 th Century) Vernacular Literature –In the 1300s, authors began writing in the everyday language of the people, or the vernacular, instead of Latin. Dante wrote the Divine Comedy in Italian. Geoffrey Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales in English. English. Francois Villon wrote the Grand Testament in French. Christine de Pisan wrote variety of genres in French. – Book about Joan of Arc. – History of Charles V. – Work on practical advice to women.

24 Christine de Pisan

25 Socratic Seminar and Review The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages Chapter 12 Socrates believed that humans learn best by asking questions.

26 What is a Socratic Seminar? Used to further develop discussions skills and dig deeper into historical content. Used to further develop discussions skills and dig deeper into historical content. A student opens by asking their question to the class which is answered by other students until the discussion is exhausted. A student opens by asking their question to the class which is answered by other students until the discussion is exhausted. The last student to speak will then ask one of their questions to the group, and so it goes until all questions have been asked. The last student to speak will then ask one of their questions to the group, and so it goes until all questions have been asked. Be polite, no “cross-talk” and be attentive to the discussion at all times. Be polite, no “cross-talk” and be attentive to the discussion at all times.

27 DirectionsDirections: Directions Using your notes, book and syllabus, take a few minutes and write several open-ended, thought provoking, deep questions which require more than a one or two word response. Using your notes, book and syllabus, take a few minutes and write several open-ended, thought provoking, deep questions which require more than a one or two word response. Write down a possible answer to your question as well. Write down a possible answer to your question as well.

28 AP European History Chapter 12: “The Latter Middle Ages” Quiz/Test –30 multiple choice questions –One document analysis exercise –Question samples:

29 Sample 1: 1. The English Statute of Laborers (1351) a)Granted limited rights to workers b)Fixed the number of new members of guilds c)Forbade the migration of day laborers d)Forbade the creation of craft unions e)Attempted to freeze the wages at pre levels

30 Sample 2: 2. All of the following were consequences of the Hundred Years’ War except a) The development of a French national assembly. assembly. b) The emergence of the English Commons as a political force. as a political force. c) A rise of nationalistic feeling in England and France. and France. d) Economic and social dislocation. e) Disruption of local government in England as sheriffs went absent on campaign. as sheriffs went absent on campaign. Review

31 Terms Agincourt Babylonian Captivity Banns Black Death Conciliarists Crecy Dalmil Chronicle Flagellants Great Famine The Jacquerie Joan of Arc Merchet Nationalism Great Schism The Decameron Florence Jan Hus Statute of Kilkenny Geoffrey Chaucer Dante Francois Villan John Wyclif Urban VI

32 1. Read and then re-read the chapter several times! 2. Take careful and thorough notes as you read. 3. Complete the graphic organizer/reading guide for each chapter. 4. Use the syllabus terms and objectives to review material. 5. Make note cards over the terms to study. 6. Take the online practice tests on my website under the McKay icon. 7. Study an AP Review Book such as a Barron's or Princeton Review. 8. Take careful notes during class in addition to the reading notes/guide. 9. Consider a study group. 10. Dedicate a certain amount of time (one hour or more) each evening to study, and read over your notes, text and reading guide. Be sure you study, and read over your notes, text and reading guide. Be sure you have a silent, quiet place in which to study free of distractions. have a silent, quiet place in which to study free of distractions. 11. Read over the chapter summary and review questions. 12. Review the class/reading notes from that day each night and begin studying for the test at least 3-4 nights ahead of time. studying for the test at least 3-4 nights ahead of time. 13. Define the terms and objectives on the syllabus on flashcards or in double column note form to allow for self evaluation double column note form to allow for self evaluation 14. Ask me to clarify ANYTHING from the reading or from class. 15. Come in before or after school if necessary to ask any questions. How to study and succeed in AP

33 1. Marriage Banns 2. Fur Collar Crime 3. The Jacquerie 4. The Dalimil Chronicle 5. Dante’s Divine Comedy


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