2Chapter One Mr. Jones is the cruel, drunk owner of Manor Farm Old Major, large pig, inspires the Animals to revolt through the song Beasts of England.He says Man is greedy, selfish, and lazyMan is an enemy to AnimalsAnimals need to overthrow Man to be free
3Chapter Two Old Major dies in his sleep The pigs hold meetings at night to discuss Old Major’s ideas – they call this AnimalismMr. Jones has been depressed since he lost money in a lawsuit – drinks a lotGoes out drinking on Midsummer’s EveBarn hands milk the cows, but let the animals starveWhen Jones returns the animals break into the house to beat himJones and his men go to attack the animals with whips, but the animals fight backThe animals chase the humans off the farm and destroy/burn everything that represents human oppression (harnesses, reins, chains)They create The Seven Commandments
4The Seven Commandments “Four Legs Good – Two Legs Bad” Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemyWhatever goes upon four legs or has wings is a friendNo animal shall wear clothesNo animal shall sleep in a bedNo animal shall drink alcoholNo animal shall kill another animalAll animals are equal
5Chapter ThreeThe pigs taught themselves how to read and write- they are the only animals that can read and write besides Muriel and BenjaminThey don’t do physical labor -> their job is to supervise the farm workAnimals work more efficiently than JonesSunday is a day of rest -> hold meetings, listen to debates, and sing Beasts of England.Snowball and Napoleon argue the mostPlan to send out pigeons to spread word of the rebellion to other farmsOnly pigs can eat the milk and apples because they need it to stay strongThreaten that Jones will come back if they get too weak
6Chapter FourMr. Jones gets other humans to help him take back Animal FarmJones and men attack in the Battle of CowshedJones shot at Snowball and killed a sheepAnimals chase humans off the farmOther farmers fear their animals might revolt, but secretly hope they can overpower Animal Farm and take it for themselves.
7Chapter Four Foxwood (Pilkington) Pinchfield (Fredrick) Large, unkempt, oldMr. Pilkington is easy goingLikes to huntHates FredrickSmaller, but kept cleanFredrick is cheapDrives hard bargainsAlways involved in lawsuitsharsh
8Chapter FiveMollie is caught letting humans pet her – disappears from farm and is seen pulling a carriage in townSnowball makes plans to build a windmillUsed to run machinery to improve production and easy workloadRun electricity and heatNapoleon does not like the Windmill ideaHas his guard dogs chase Snowball off the farm during a debate about the windmillSaid he did it so the other animals wouldn’t make a bad choice by voting for SnowballGives Napoleon complete power over the farm
9Chapter Five Napoleon makes some changes: No Sunday meetings -> they were unnecessaryCommittee of pigs would make decisions about farm – Napoleon presided over this committeeNapoleon says the windmill will be builtClaims Snowball stole his idea and that was why he was against it in the beginning
10Chapter SixAnimals work hard, but the effort is paid off in food productionHave to work on Sunday afternoon to work on both the field and the windmillNapoleon decides to trade with humans for items they needMr. Whymper is the human who does negotiations between Napoleon and other farmsSquealer tells animals there was never a rule in Animalism against trading – LIE! Major said that was one of the faults of Man!Pigs move into the farm house and sleep in bedsSquealer tells them they are not sleeping on sheets which is what the 4th rule said was not allowedThe windmill is destroyed and Snowball is to blame
11Chapter Seven Animals lives are worse than before Overworked and underfedLittle foodNapoleon tricks Mr. Whymper into believing they have a lot of food by filling the food barrels up halfway with sand.They need more money so Napoleon wants to sell the hen’s eggs -> the eggs are almost ready to hatch to the hens try to revolt, but Napoleon starves them for 5 days. 9 hens die during this time.Napoleon hides in farm house with his guard dogsNapoleon says Snowball is sneaking onto the farm to cause mischief – he is behind all the bad things happening on the farmSquealer announces that Snowball has spies and agents hidden on Animal FarmNapoleon kills the animals that confess to helping/aiding SnowballAnimals can no longer sing Beasts of England because the rebellion is overNapoleon really doesn’t want the animals to be inspired by the song to revolt against him
12Chapter Eight The animals are upset about the public killings Muriel reads the rules aloud and now it says “Animals shall not kill another animal without cause”Napoleon disappears from the public eyeNapoleon is now has multiple titles: “Our Leader, Comrade Napoleon” , “Father of All Animals”, “Terror of Mankind”A poem is written about Napoleon and is put on the barn wall along with the Seven Commandments and a portrait of himNapoleon is trying to sell timber to either Fredrick or PilkingtonPlanned to sell it to Pilkington and spread rumors about Fredrick aiding SnowballFredrick offered more money than Pilkington and Napoleon now claims that Snowball is hiding on Pilkington’s farmFredrick tricked Napoleon by giving him fake money so he got the timber for free
13Chapter Eight Fredrick and his men attacked Animal Farm with guns Animals retreated to the barn and Fredrick and his men blew up the windmillAnimals attacked the men in angerThere were causalities and injuries among the animalsBoxer lost a shoe, split a hoof, and had pellets in his hind legThe men fled from the farmNapoleon claims that this was a victory even though the windmill was destroyed and that they will just have to rebuild it again.The animals celebrated their victory and the pigs drank whiskey that they found in the houseThe next day Napoleon claimed to be dying – but was really just hungover from drinking so much! – and claimed that any animal drinking alcohol would be put to death!Squealer was found on the ground next to a broken ladder by the seven commandments with a paintbrush and white paintA few days later the Fifth Commandment now read “No animal shall drink alcohol to excess”
14Chapter NineBoxer’s split hoof is still hurting him but he wants to see the windmill started before he retires the next yearRetirement on Animal Farm: Horses and Pigs retired at age 12; Cows retire at age 14; Dogs retire at age 9; Sheep retire at age 7; Hen and Geese retire at age 5. Retired animals get pension paid in food and hayThere is little food but Squealer tells them it is still more than Jones gave themThere are more animals on the farm now – 4 female pigs had 31 babies in total. Most of the pigs were most likely fathered by NapoleonNapoleon announced he would teach the young pigs himselfNew Rule: all animals were to step aside when a pig was walking by them. Pigs could also wear green ribbons on their tails on SundaysPigs took all the barley to make beer for themselves
15Chapter NineSpontaneous Demonstration: once a week the animals would march around the farm with a banner, sings songs and recite poems about Napoleon, and hear speeches about all the work they are doingIn April, Animal Farm became a “republic” where they could vote for a President – Napoleon was the only candidate and won unanimouslyIt was announced that Snowball had fought on Jones’ side during the Battle of Cowshed and that Napoleon, not Jones, had injured himMoses still talks about Sugarcandy Mountain where there were fields of clovers and sugar cubes growing on treesMany animals believed him now because they needed to believe there was a better place than where they lived nowThe pigs declared that Moses was lying, but gave him an allowance of a cup of beer per day
16Chapter NineBoxer is suffering from being overworked and underfed but continues to work hard before his retirementBoxer went to move stone by himself and fell.Napoleon said he made arrangements for Boxer to be sent to an animal hospital in WillingdonWhen the “vet” comes to take Boxer the side of the van said “Alfred Simmonds, Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler”Squealer announces Boxer’s death three days later and claims to have been at his bedside at the vet when he passed awayHe said any animal that believed the horse slaughter rumor was stupid and the vet had bought the truck from a horse slaughterer but did not have time to white out the nameNapoleon says there will be a banquet in Boxer’s honor for the pigs to attend. A van from the grocer dropped off a barrel of whiskey that the pigs bought with the money the made from selling Boxer to the slaughterer.
17Chapter TenSeveral years pass and the farm is doing well, but the animals don’t see this wealthClover, Benjamin, Moses, and few pigs are the only ones who remember the RebellionJones is dead (died from alcoholism)No one remembers Snowball or BoxerNapoleon and Squealer are both fat and happyAnimals from other farms were brought to Animal FarmThe windmill is completed and they are trying to build a second oneTwo fields were purchased from PilkingtonThe dogs and pigs reproduced the mostThey were the only ones who benefited from the increased profit of the farmThe pigs start walking on two legs – Napoleon now walks on two legs with a whip in one handThe sheep now say “Four legs good, Two legs better!”The Seven Commandments are gone and only “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS”Pigs start carrying whips and wearing clothes from Mr. Jones’ closet
18Chapter Ten Neighboring farmers are invited to inspect the farm The animals watch from the window of the farm house as the humans and pigs hold a meeting. Mr. Pilkington gives a speech:The farmers now respected Animal Farm because the lower animals worked harder and received less food than on their own farmsThey plan to change that once they return to their farmsThe farmers and the pigs were equal because they had the same problem (too many workers wanting too much food/pay)Congratulated Napoleon on the long working hours, lower rations, and not pampering the lower animalsSaid lower animals were equal to the lower class of the human worldNapoleon’s speech:Denies trying to stir up rebellions in other farmsAnimals will not call each other Comrade any more (relates too much to the rebellion)No more passing by Old Major’s skull on Sunday mornings (Napoleon claims to not know why this was started)The hoof and horns on the Animal Farm flag were to be removedAnnounces that the name Animal Farm was changed to The Manor Farm (the original name)Napoleon and Mr. Pilkington begin to argue because they both tried to play the ace of spades in poker (meaning someone is cheating!)The animals are unable to tell who is human and who is a pig because they all look and act the same now.
19The New CommandmentsWhatever goes upon two legs is an enemy Four legs good – two legs betterWhatever goes upon four legs or has wings is a friendNo animal shall wear clothesNo animal shall sleep in a bed with sheetsNo animal shall drink alcohol to excessNo animal shall kill another animal without causeAll animals are equal but some are more equal than others