Presentation on theme: "Imperialism Essential Questions: – How did people in Africa and Asia respond to western imperialism? – How did imperialism create a western- dominated."— Presentation transcript:
Imperialism Essential Questions: – How did people in Africa and Asia respond to western imperialism? – How did imperialism create a western- dominated world economy?
Industrial Revolution Source for Raw Materials Markets for Finished Goods European Nationalism Missionary Activity Military & Naval Bases European Motives For Colonization Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Soc. & Eco. Opportunities Humanitarian Reasons European Racism “White Man’s Burden” Social Darwinism
The New Imperialism Causes of Imperialism in the late 1800’s: – Strengths: Social Darwinism Economic prosperity Self-organized governments Competition between countries – Spheres of influence: Economic control of nations
More causes… – Industrialization Necessity of finding cheaper raw materials for manufacturing in Western factories.
1000 different languages; 1000+ different tribes
The Partition of Africa Africa is used as an imperial continent It is divided among several European Countries: – Britain – France – Belgium – Germany – Italy
Effects on Natives Britain’s win makes Dutch move inland – Great Trek Pushes into Natives Zulus in particular are affected
Zulus Led by Shaka Zulu – Unites S. African tribes – iklwa Fight against the Boers and British – Lost some 80,000 zulus – Protected the Zulu culture and some land
Berlin Conference of 1884 Decided that Africa should be “civilized” – Africa is divided by the participating countries and ruled Members: – France, Germany, Belgium and Britain By 1902, 90% of Africa is owned by Europeans
French in Africa Conquer and convert – Military occupation along shore – Missionaries inland Trade for Slaves and gold
France in Africa West to East Colonizing Strategy
Belgium King Leopold II conquers the Belgian Congo Puts harsh racist restrictions on the natives called Apartheids
Worked natives extensively for raw materials – Vegetable oil – Rubber – Clothing – Bananas/foods – Medicines – Ivory Around 10 million killed
Victims It is blood-curdling to see them (the soldiers) returning with the hands of the slain, and to find the hands of young children amongst the bigger ones evidencing their bravery...The rubber from this district has cost hundreds of lives, and the scenes I have witnessed, while unable to help the oppressed, have been almost enough to make me wish I were dead... This rubber traffic is steeped in blood, and if the natives were to rise and sweep every white person on the Upper Congo into eternity, there would still be left a fearful balance to their credit. -- Belgian Official
Russia vs. British Vied for control of Afghanistan and Persia Russia searching for a “warm water port” British want a buffer – Support free Iranian state
The British take over India What do the British see in India? – – British East India Trading Company had conquered India, Bangladesh and Pakistan – Still Allow the Mogul Empire to exist under guidance of EIC.
China and the Opium Wars China had practiced Isolationism When they did open up, they enjoyed a trade surplus, while Europe suffered a trade deficit British start trading opium to the Chinese for tea – China becomes addicted to opium; start running a deficit to pay for the drug
Indemnity to Britain Define indemnity: – payment for loss/casualties British defeat Chinese, make China pay – China gives British Hong Kong (which British keep until 1997) – China must give payments, or indemnities, to the British – China must open up 5 ports, and grant extraterritoriality to the British
The Boxer Rebellion Uprising by the “Righteous Harmonious Fists” in 1899 (a conservative group nicknamed the Boxers) Quickly suppressed by multinational force of: – USA – Japan – British – French – Germans
Imperialist Japan Shogun promotes an Isolationist approach through the early 1800’s Commodore Matthew Perry opens trade in 1853
The Meiji Revolt - 1868 A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun. A powerful group of samurai overthrow the Shogun. Sakamoto Ryoma, the hero. Sakamoto Ryoma, the hero. He helped Japan emerge from feudalism into a unified modern state. He helped Japan emerge from feudalism into a unified modern state.
The Emperor Is “Restored” to Power MEIJI “Enlightened Rule”
Government Adopt a government from the Germans – Promoted equal rights – The Diet- the Japanese legislature divided into: The House of Representatives and… The House of Peers – Kept the emperor as head
Japan westernizes Economically industrializes – Build RR’s, banks and a postal system – Factories and companies emerge Ex. Mitsubishi Zaibatsu rules Japanese economy Culturally adopts European or American traditions, clothing and customs
In Conclusion: The Imperialist movement: – Used Brute force and or economic control to strengthen European countries (and Japan) – Inspired competition between European countries – Connected the world together economically – Introduced western economics and government to all parts of the world