Presentation on theme: "American Life in the 17 th C: 1607-1692 Chapter 4 Theme: In the Chesapeake region, seventeenth- century colonial society was characterized by disease-"— Presentation transcript:
American Life in the 17 th C: 1607-1692 Chapter 4 Theme: In the Chesapeake region, seventeenth- century colonial society was characterized by disease- shortened lives, weak family life, and a social hierarchy that included hardworking planters at the top and restless poor whites and black slaves at the bottom. Despite the substantial disruption of their traditional culture and the mingling of African peoples, slaves in the Chesapeake developed a culture that mixed African and new-world elements,and developed one of the few slave societies that grew through natural reproduction.
I. Southern Plantation Society A.Despite Challenges, Chesapeake flourished 1.Difficult Living a.Disease and family life 2.Tobacco increased 3.Indentured Servants a.Headright System (+50) b.Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676 B.Background of Slavery 1.Immigration of Slaves increased after 1670’s 2.Middle Passage to West Indies to SC or RI. 3.Limitations on freedom a.No literacy, chattels are slaves, no freedom with conversion
II. Two Groups: Ebony or Ivory?” A.African-Americans 1.Many hardships 2.Developed mixed culture 3.Ultimate goal: Freedom a.Buy freedom b.NY Revolt, 1712 c.Stono Revolt, 1739 B.White Americans 1.Strict social structure a. Planters, yeoman, landless 2.Unique lifestyle 1712 NY Slave Revolt 1733 St. John Slave Revolt 1739 Stono Rebellion 1741 NY Conspiracy 1760 Tacky’s War (Jamaica) 1791-1804 Haitian Revolution
III. New England Society A.Puritan townships evolve 1.Structured and ordered government. 2.Congregationalist 3.Half-way Covenant 4.Salem Witch Trials B.Economic Diversity 1.Benefit of fast rivers 2.Rocky soil discouraged Ag. 3.Lots economic activities C.Mono-cultural 1.Slavery diminishes 2.Middle or lower class
Review Questions 1.Compare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to 1750 (2005, A). 2.Analyze the impact of the Atlantic trade routes established in the mid 1600’s on economic development in the British North American colonies. Consider the period 1650-1750. (2002, B) 3.Analyze the cultural and economic responses of TWO of the following groups to the Indians of North America before 1750. a.British b.French c.Spanish 4.Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions: a.New England b.Chesapeake c.Middle Atlantic 5.Compare the ways in which TWO of the following reflected tensions in colonial society (2003, A). a.Bacon’s Rebellion b.Pueblo Revolt (1680) c.Salem witchcraft trials (1692) d.Stono Rebellion (1739)