Presentation on theme: "American Life in the 17th C:"— Presentation transcript:
1 American Life in the 17th C: 1607-1692 Chapter 4 Theme: In the Chesapeake region, seventeenth-century colonial society was characterized by disease-shortened lives, weak family life, and a social hierarchy that included hardworking planters at the top and restless poor whites and black slaves at the bottom. Despite the substantial disruption of their traditional culture and the mingling of African peoples, slaves in the Chesapeake developed a culture that mixed African and new-world elements ,and developed one of the few slave societies that grew through natural reproduction.
2 I. Southern Plantation Society Despite Challenges, Chesapeake flourishedDifficult LivingDisease and family lifeTobacco increasedIndentured ServantsHeadright System (+50)Bacon’s Rebellion, 1676Background of SlaveryImmigration of Slaves increased after 1670’sMiddle Passage to West Indies to SC or RI.Limitations on freedomNo literacy, chattels are slaves, no freedom with conversion
3 II. Two Groups: Ebony or Ivory?” African-AmericansMany hardshipsDeveloped mixed cultureUltimate goal: FreedomBuy freedomNY Revolt, 1712Stono Revolt, 1739White AmericansStrict social structurea. Planters, yeoman, landlessUnique lifestyle1712 NY Slave Revolt1733 St. John Slave Revolt1739 Stono Rebellion1741 NY Conspiracy1760 Tacky’s War (Jamaica)Haitian Revolution
4 III. New England Society Puritan townships evolveStructured and ordered government.CongregationalistHalf-way CovenantSalem Witch TrialsEconomic DiversityBenefit of fast riversRocky soil discouraged Ag.Lots economic activitiesMono-culturalSlavery diminishesMiddle or lower class
5 Review QuestionsCompare and contrast the ways in which economic development affected politics in Massachusetts and Virginia in the period from 1607 to (2005, A).Analyze the impact of the Atlantic trade routes established in the mid 1600’s on economic development in the British North American colonies. Consider the period (2002, B)Analyze the cultural and economic responses of TWO of the following groups to the Indians of North America before 1750.BritishFrenchSpanishCompare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions:New EnglandChesapeakeMiddle AtlanticCompare the ways in which TWO of the following reflected tensions in colonial society (2003, A).Bacon’s RebellionPueblo Revolt (1680)Salem witchcraft trials (1692)Stono Rebellion (1739)