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4 new British taxes.

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Presentation on theme: "4 new British taxes."— Presentation transcript:

1 4 new British taxes

2 The Sugar Act 1764 This law put a tax on sugar. It also listed specific goods (for example: lumber) that the colonies could only sell to England and to no other countries. Although other laws passed years before the Sugar Act had similar requirements, they had not been enforced. Now that England needed to raise more money to pay off its debts from the French and Indian War, England hired officials to collect these taxes and make sure people followed the law.

3 The Quartering Act 1764 This law said that colonists had to give British soldiers a place to stay, as well as candles, firewood, sheets, blankets, cooking utensils, salt, vinegar, and beer. The governments of each colony had to pay for British soldiers to stay in inns, boarding houses, or empty barns.

4 The Stamp Act 1765 This law said that anything made of paper had to have a special stamp on it, and the stamp had to be bought. For example, newspapers, licenses, and playing cards all had to have stamps on them. This made buying anything made of paper a lot more expensive for the colonists.

5 The Townshend Act 1767 This law taxed certain things the colonists bought from Britain. These were items that the colonists used all the time, such as glass, paint, paper, and tea. (Remember, the Navigation Acts said that the colonies were only allowed to buy these things from Britain. They were not allowed to buy things like glass, paint, paper, and tea from any another country, so they were forced to pay the Townshend Act taxes.)

6 Colonists respond to new taxes

7 Vocabulary PROTEST [VERB] To show or express strong disapproval of something, sometimes at a public event with other people. Patriots protested the Tea Act by dumping British tea into Boston Harbor. [NOUN] The act, action, or event of protesting. Yesterday there was a protest against the War in Afghanistan.

8 Vocabulary REVOLT [VERB] To fight in a violent way against the authority of a leader or government. In the American Revolution, the colonists revolted against the British. [NOUN] The act, action, or event of revolting Bacon’s Rebellion was a famous revolt in the 1600s.

9 Vocabulary REBEL [VERB] To oppose or fight against the government or people in power. After England passed laws that the colonists thought were unfair, the colonists got ready to rebel against the British. [NOUN FORM] Rebellion: The act, action, or event of rebelling. Slave owners were always afraid that their slaves would organize a rebellion against their masters.

10 Journal Why do you think people rebel, revolt, and protest? What do you think they hope to achieve by rebelling, revolting, or protesting?

11 4 more vocab words… Smuggle Boycott
To move something from one place to another illegally and secretly. Boycott To refuse to buy a product as a form of protest.

12 Riot A group of people behaving in a violent or uncontrolled way to express disapproval or disagreement with something. Tar and Feather When colonists poured hot tar on someone’s (usually a tax collector’s) bare skin, rolled him around in chicken feathers, and put him on a cart to parade him around the town to be embarrassed.

13 Colonists’ Response to the Sugar Act of 1764
Anger Smuggling Boycotts Some violence against tax collectors Made their own products (such as clothes) instead of buying from England “No Taxation without Representation” Actions WERE effective! Sugar Act was repealed in 1766 This was the very first time that colonists organized and publically protested against the Brit Parliament/Gov’t. Big deal!

14 Colonists’ Response to the Quartering Act of 1764
Anger & resentment Some colonists (especially in NY) refused to follow the laws. Actions WERE effective! Quartering Act expired in 1770 & was never renewed.

15 Colonists’ Response to the Stamp Act of 1765
Some colonists refused to pay the the tax Petitions Tarred & feathered tax collectors (violence) Protests in the street Actions WERE effective! Stamp Act was repealed in 1766

16 Colonists’ response to the townshend act of 1767
Harassed & bullied tax collectors Boycott Colonists & merchants agreed not to buy stuff from England Peer-Policing Colonists harassed & bullied merchants who didn’t boycott Actions were MOSTLY SUCCESSFUL Parliament repealed most of the Townshend Act in 1770, but the tax on tea remained…

17 Picture that Represents the Act
Year Act/Law Summary of Act Picture that Represents the Act How Colonists Reacted 1764 Sugar Act Taxed sugar. Colonists could sell certain things only to Britain and to no other countries. Quartering Act Colonists had to give housing & food to British soldiers. 1765 Stamp Act Taxed everything made of paper. 1767 Townshend Act Taxed glass, paint, paper, & tea. Colonists could only buy these things from England and from no other countries. Anger, smuggling, boycotts, some violence, colonists made their own stuff Anger and resentment Some refused to follow law Refused to pay the tax, petitions, tarred & feathered tax collectors, protests in the street - Harassed & bullied tax collectors - Boycotts - Protests in the street - Peer policing: harassed & bullied merchants who didn’t follow the boycott

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