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BELLWORK 1. 1. Describe the two versions of Rome’s creation – legend vs. reality 2. 2. Explain 3 ways that geography impacted Roman civilization. 3. 3.

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Presentation on theme: "BELLWORK 1. 1. Describe the two versions of Rome’s creation – legend vs. reality 2. 2. Explain 3 ways that geography impacted Roman civilization. 3. 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 BELLWORK 1. 1. Describe the two versions of Rome’s creation – legend vs. reality 2. 2. Explain 3 ways that geography impacted Roman civilization. 3. 3. What is a republic? 4. 4. How did Ancient Greece impact Roman civilization? 5. 5. THINKER: After they established a republic, the Romans promised never to have a king again, but tyrants will eventually come to power. How? Why were individuals able to come to power even though this went against their promise of a republic?

2 Is the U.S. a republic or democracy? Democracy is a form of government in which the people decide policy matters directly--through town hall meetings or by voting on ballot proposals. A republic is a system in which the people choose representatives who, in turn, make policy decisions on their behalf

3 Is the U.S. a republic or democracy?

4 Unit 1 Exam & Reminders  Your unit 1 test is during block #2 next week!  Period 2: Wednesday 9/24  Period 7: Thursday 9/25  There are three portions of the test: 50-point multiple choice, 10- point vocab maching and a 20-point short answer.  Content will cover all early civilizations from Egypt - Rome  Completed study guide is also due on the day of your unit test  All late work from unit 1 is also due on test day!  For the short answer portion, you will be given three prompts – pick the one you want to answer.  Explain the event in detail with correct format, mechanics, and historical understanding.

5 { Roman Republic: Conflict and Crisis Roman Republic: 509BC – 30BC

6  Tyrants and corrupt kings in power  In 509B.C., Tarquin the Proud was overthrown  Romans declared they would never again be ruled by a king!  Established a new government called a republic: power to the citizens! The Early Republic

7 Roman Expansion  Punic Wars: 264BC-146BC, series of three wars between Rome and the North-African city state of Carthage.  Both wanted control of western Mediterranean……. Why?  Rome was victorious and captured all cities from the Mediterranean to Spain to Asia Minor.


9 Carthaginian General Hannibal crossing the Alps during the Second Punic War.

10 Romans attack on Carthage


12 The Republic in Crisis Usually military expansion makes a country stronger and more powerful, but it was different with Rome. After the Punic Wars, Rome will go through a series of revolts that puts the Republic in crisis…….. Why? How would military expansion lead to unhappiness and revolt amongst the citizens?

13 The Republic in Crisis   Rome’s military conquered multiple countries with no regard to their way of life/culture  REVOLT!   Roman officials overtaxed residents  REVOLT!   Wealthy Romans used slaves to work their land – this put small farmers out of business  REVOLT!   Putting down these revolts cost Rome a lot of troops, money, and resources.

14 Reform  In the 50’s BC, Julius Caesar, took over the government and named himself dictator.  Expanded empire to Gaul (France)  Gave jobs to unemployed, public land to the poor, and citizenship to conquered peoples.  Some Romans loved Caesar for his reforms, others saw him as a tyrant who meant to end the republic and make himself king.  On March 15, 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of government officials.



17 Caesar’s Assassination  March 15, 44BC Caesar was to appear at a meeting of the Senate.  As he arrived, the group of conspirators gathered around him pretending to show support.  Cimber approached him to sign a document and pulled him down by his shoulders then Casca stabbed him in the neck  Within moments, the entire group (including Brutus) was gathered around him on the steps of Senate stabbing him.  Around 60 men participated in the assassination and Caesar was stabbed 23 times  His last words were “You too, Brutus?” as he realized his best friend was involved in the plot  Brutus and his followers marched through Rome shouting “People of Rome, we are once again free!”  Caesar’s dead body lay on the Senate floor for three hours  In the following chaos, Augustus Caesar led a series of 5 civil wars which ended with the reformation of the Roman Empire.



20  You are now going to complete a jigsaw read about Roman society  How it works:  You will be divided into groups of 4  Each group member will be assigned a different reading about an aspect of Roman society.  (Early republic, society, women, & gladiators)  You will start by reading your specific handout and completing your portion of the worksheet.  Once your group is done, you will meet and teach the rest of them about your topic.  As you teach, they will fill in the remainder of the worksheet.  These are your notes for the section! Ancient Roman Society: Jigsaw Read

21  What were the differences between Patricians and Plebeians?  How did the Romans keep their government balanced?  What is a republic?  How was the Roman army structured?  How could Roman rights of citizenship be acquired?  What rights did Roman citizens have? Review!

22  You are going to read a handout that addresses the four main points of Roman civilization.  For each aspect, you are going to write three sentences that encompass the main idea of that section.  SUMMARIZE!!!  After you write your description, you must draw a picture the corresponds with that same topic.  20 points! (5 points per square)  Make sure you actually read the section since this will be your only notes for the Early Roman Republic.  Let’s do the first one together!  Topics: Patricians & Plebeians, Government, Army, Citizenship Picture Squares….. possibly

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