2 Game Plan Columbus arrives in 1492 1528 Cabeza De Vaca survivors Coronado goes looking for goldKino pushes Spanish control over most of southern Arizona (Pimería Alta) with Missions supported by surrounding ranchesPresidios established to support large ranches and silver mines: Tubac and TucsonRevolts and Apache raiding weaken Spanish, and ousted with Mexican Independence
9 Coronado Expedition 1540-1542 (In the Cortez tradition)
10 Kino Arrives in Arizona 1687 (a long way from 1492) Extensive travelsSet up missions to convert native people to ChristianityBuilt nearby ranches to run cattle and horses, support missionsRaids by Apaches leads to the construction of presidios
11 Kino TravelsExplored 50,000 square miles of the southwest
12 Kino Missions Mission San Xavier del Bac (1 of 20), built in 1700 near Tucson current version oldest Spanish building inArizona that was rebuilt in 1797.
13 Kino Ranches Spanish bring cattle and horses to Arizona, very successful. Resources support missions and keep native people from dispersing, supposed to prevent revolts.
14 Tubac PresidioApache raids and native unrest lead to the construction of Spanish military forts in Arizona, to protect the missions and surrounding ranches.
15 Spanish ArizonaFrontier country, where most people live a basic subsistence living. Native people periodically revolt the yolk of the Spanish, and everybody terrified of the constant Apache raids.
16 Spanish Silver MiningSpanish mined silver in southern Arizona in the 1770s in Quijotoa, Aribac, and Arivaca.Pulled 300 tons of silver a year out of the new world, doubling or tripling the world’s precious metals.
17 Biggest silver mine in the world Potisi at 13,000 feet in the Andes 25% to 50% of silver out of the new world was shipped to China.Used to trade for silk, spices, ivory, jade, and jewels.China needed a currency they could control.
18 Biggest cities in the south begin to move to the north. Tenochtitlan, Aztec EmpireCuzco, Incan Empire
19 Things to know: Cabeza de Vaca stumble across Arizona, talk of gold Cornado goes looking for gold, doesn’t find anythingKino arrives in southern Arizona, sets up missions, ranches, and eventually presidiosSilver mining adds to Arizona’s worthSpanish struggle with Apache and civil unrestHelp: Ask Dr. Douglass