2Conflict with Cuba In the late 1800’s Cuba was in conflict Cuba was still being controlled by SpainCubans wanted independence from Spain and launched several unsuccessful revolts
3Conflict with Cuba Cuba’s citizens are willing to fight Jose Marti Poet and RevolutionaryParticipated in a revolt against Spain when he was only 15Was exiled to Spain, and later to New York CityWrote to encourage revolt in Cuba and for exiles to invadeBecame a MARTYR for Cuban independence when he was killed in a battle in 1895
4Conflict with Cuba How does Spain react? Spain refuses to let Cuba become independent1896- Gen. Valeriano Weyler put down the revoltWeyler forced farmers into concentration campsWeyler’s acts led to 200,000 Cubans dying from starvation
5The United States Reacts How did the Americans view the Struggle of the Cubans?Many compared it to the United States’ struggle with Great BrittainCalled Gen. Weyler “The Butcher”
6The United States Reacts The Influence of the MediaWilliam Randolph HearstAmerican journalist interested in the struggle of the CubansTook over the San Francisco Examiner in 1887
7The United States Reacts “The newspaper is the greatest force in civilization…Newspapers form and express public opinion. They suggest and control legislation. They declare wars. They punish criminals, especially the powerful. They reward with approving publicity the good deeds of citizens everywhere. The newspapers control the nation because they REPRESENT THE PEOPLE!” -William Randolph Hearst
8The United States Reacts The Maine IncidentDid President McKinley want to enter the conflict between Spain and Cuba?McKinley was weary of war because of his involvement in the Civil War.Spain’s Minister to the US called McKinley “weak, and a bidder for the admiration of a crowd”How did Americans react?
9The United States Reacts The Maine Incident (cntd.)The USS Maine, a US naval ship was sent to Havana to protect US lives and propertyFebruary 15, the USS Maine blows up260 sailors are killedThe New York Journal’s headline read: “DESTRUCTION OF THE WAR SHIP MAINE WAS THE WORK OF AN ENEMY”April 25, Congress declared war on Spain
10War with Spain Congress adopts the Teller Amendment April 20, 1898Congress adopts the Teller AmendmentThe US recognized Cuba’s independence from SpainStated once Cuba won its independence, the US would “leave the government and control of the Island to its people”
11War with Spain Fighting in the Philippines May 1, 1898 Commodore George Dewey sent a fleet across Manilla BaySpanish fired shots at the American fleet but were out of range to hitThe US Navy’s ships returned fire and easily defeat the Spaniards.
12War with Spain Fighting in the Philippines (contd.) Emilio Aguinaldo Leader of a rebel army of Philipino PatriotsHelped Dewey force Spanish forces to surrender in the Philippines on August 14, 1898
13War with Spain Fighting in Cuba Why was the battle in Cuba more difficult to fight than the battles in the Philippines?WeatherUniformsTroops (28,000)
14War with Spain Fighting in Cuba (contd.) Teddy Roosevelt July 3, 1898 Resigned his post of Secretary of the NavyLed the “Rough Riders”Fought without horsesCharged San Juan Hill on footJuly 3, 1898US Navy sank the Spanish fleet off the coast of CubaLed to more than 400 Spanish Casualties2 weeks later, Spanish troops in Cuba surrendered
15War with Spain Fighting in Cuba (contd.) A costly war for Spain, while the US gainsSpain forfeited all claim to Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Guam to the United StatesGave up control of the Philippines to the US in exchange for $20 Million.America proves itself as an imperial powerHowever, 5,400 American lives are lost
16Uproar over the Philippines The debate over annexationSome Americans questioned if annexation was the right thing to do.Why?What was the Anti-Imperialist League?Expansionists strongly supported Annexation.What was Charles Denby’s argument?Who wins?
17Uproar over the Philippines Conquest and early ruleThe US approved a treaty annexing the Philippines on February 6, 1899.Emilio Aguinaldo led the Philippine people in a revolt against US rule for 3 years.Hundreds of thousands of Philipinos and 4,000 US soldiers were killed.What was the Phillipine Government Act?What was the Jones Act of 1916?What happened on July 4, 1946