Presentation on theme: "AGENDA Bellringer Review Questions and Klemens von Metternich Index Card Notes: Latin American Revolutions Finish/Complete Note cards Reading page 25 (Simon."— Presentation transcript:
AGENDA Bellringer Review Questions and Klemens von Metternich Index Card Notes: Latin American Revolutions Finish/Complete Note cards Reading page 25 (Simon Bolivar)
REVIEW QUESTIONS What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna? Stabilize Europe after the exile of Napoleon What were the three goals of the Congress of Vienna? Balance of power, Legitimacy, Surround France with Strong powers What country did Napoleon invade that led to his defeat? Russia What was the Continental Blockade? No country in continental Europe was to trade with Great Britain What was the Scorched Earth Policy? Tsar Alexander I of Russia, burn all earth and villages to prevent invading army from living off the land Create an index card for Klemens Von Metternich
KLEMENS VON METTERNICH Austrian Prince who facilitated the meetings of the Congress of Vienna
LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS
RETRACING OUR STEPS…. 1.Scientific Revolution and Renaissance 2.Enlightenment 3.American Revolution 4.French Revolution and Napoleon 5.Latin American Revolutions….
LATIN AMERICA Latin America includes all of South America, central America (including Mexico) and the Caribbean islands (Haiti, Dominican republic, Jamaica, etc) Most of these countries were under Spanish control, except for Brazil (Portuguese), and Haiti (French)
REVIEW Age of Exploration Portuguese were first to discover route around Africa to Asia (De Gama, Dias) Spanish were first to discover “new world” meaning north and south America Both countries were very catholic and very close to the Pope To prevent fighting, the pope drew the “Line of Demarcation” This was unfair to Portugal, so the two countries signed the Treaty of Tordesillas moving the line and giving Portugal what is now Brazil
LINE OF DEMARCATION
INFLUENCES Just like the other revolutions, Latin American peoples were inspired by the enlightenment philosophes and the success of other revolutions They had other reasons to rebel though too….
TREATMENT OF LATIN AMERICAN PEOPLES Mercantilism (pressure to produce more and more materials for mother country) Native Latin Americans had no say in their new colonial government nor could they keep their original religions Over time, the language, religion, and traditions of the conquerors were adopted by Latin American peoples
ENCOMIENDA Based on RACE!!! What other rigid social system did we learn about that is based on how you are born?
CASTE SYSTEM!! “Do good dharma, get good kharma” Goal: get to Moksha Polytheistic Began in Ganges River Valley Vedas (holy book – one of many)
Under control of France 500,000 Haitians were enslaved by the French and forced to work on plantations producing natural resources Inspired by enlightenment and American/French revolutions Wanted self-determination
HAITI 100,000 slaves led by Toissant L’Ouverture rebelled against masters The French violated their promise to end slavery and imprisoned L’Ouverture until he died His Lieutenant build the newly independent island of Haiti. This revolt will in turn inspire American Slaves to revolt…..
SIMON BOLIVAR Wealthy, educated creole Believed that when Napoleon displaced the Spanish King, power should have shifted to the people instead of a French loyalist (Rosseau, Locke) Declared independence for Venezuela and Columbia Traveled with his army over the Andes mountains to surprise Spanish military Who else traversed mountains to surprise an enemy?
JOSE DE SAN MARTIN Wealthy, educated creole Declared Argentinian, Chilean, independence Joined forces with Bolivar to defeat Spanish in Peru
MIGUEL HIDALGO Mexican priest who issued a call for rebellion of central America during a sermon Army of mestizos and Indians joined with another priest, Jose Maria Morelos Finally achieved independence from Spain when the Creoles also joined the army because they feared losing their land This will result in countries of Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico, and Costa Rica
DOM PEDRO Brazil was only bloodless revolution Escaping Napoleon, the Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil and ruled from there. After Napoleon was defeated and they returned home they wanted to make Brazil a colony again. The people petitioned the Prince, Dom Pedro, to rule them as an independent country. He agreed.
READING Please read and highlight page 25 in your packet Proclamation of 1813 by Simon Bolivar Highlight evidence of WHY Bolivar felt that Venezuela should revolt against Spain
EXIT TICKET Each of the following events took place under one of the following men: O’uverture Hidalgo Bolivar Pedro San Martin Write the name on your whiteboard and hold it high and proud
Achieved independence for the Island of Haiti
A priest who called for Independence for Central America
Man who believed colonies should be independent because the Spanish King was overthrown
Royal Prince who agreed to rule a colony as an independent nation
Slave who led 500,000 other slaves to revolt against France
Creole who led an army over the Andes Mountains to defeat Spanish
Creole who joined forces with Bolivar to secure Chilean independence