Presentation on theme: "JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD"— Presentation transcript:
1JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD CHAPTER 8JESUS’ MIRACLES AND THE PASCHAL MYSTERY
2Jesus, the Miracle Worker Jesus’ words were accompanied by many “mighty works and wonders and signs.” These prove that Jesus is the Messiah and the Kingdom of God is present in him.
3Pattern of Miracle Stories Introduction Display of faith Jesus’ response Result of the miracle People’s reaction
4Types of Miracles Physical healings Nature healings Caused blind to see and deaf to hear, cured skin diseases and sufferingsNature healingsCalmed a storm, walked on water, changed water into wine, fed five thousand people from five loaves of bread and two fish
5Types of Miracles Exorcisms Raisings from the Dead “Expulsion of an evil spirit”Expulsion of a legion of spirits from a crazy man which went into a herd of swineRaisings from the DeadWidow’s son at Nain; the daughter of Jarius; his friend, Lazarus
6How Jesus’ Contemporaries Understood Miracles Many took offense at Jesus’ refusal to perform miracles to satisfy their curiosity. Many today deny the reality of supernatural events.
7How Jesus Differed from Other Healers of his Day There is no record that anyone else cured such a variety of problemsJesus did not engage in bizarre ritualsJesus did not perform miracles for pay
8New Testament Understanding of Miracles Dynamis: “acts of power”Ergon: “work”Semeion: “sign”Jesus’ miracles reveal God’s powerJesus’ miracles are signs of God’s Kingdom
9It symbolizes that through Jesus our own resurrection takes place! Raising of LazarusIt symbolizes that through Jesus our own resurrection takes place!
10People Who Encountered Jesus SadduceesPhariseesMost priests and aristocratsCared for the Temple practices and worship in JerusalemBelieved only the Torah was inspiredMade up a large part of the Sanhedrin—the major law-making body and supreme court of JudaismMeans “separated ones”Strictly observed the Law to distinguish themselves from Gentiles and othersInfluential in the synagoguesSome didn’t like JesusMost were good JewsPreserved Judaism after the destruction of the Temple
11People Who Encountered Jesus EssenesZealotsApocalyptic groupBelieved that God would usher in his Kingdom through a catastrophic eventMany withdrew to a desert community in QumranWere celibate and engaged in ritual washing throughout the dayBelieved in violence to overthrow their enemiesOriginated to protest foreign taxation and occupationFomented the revolt against the RomansFamous stand at Masada is a source of Jewish pride
12People Who Encountered Jesus Other ContemporariesMost were common people—called “people of the land” by PhariseesTax collectors—hated by fellow JewsGentiles—proselytes and “God-fearers”Women, who were looked on as property
13The Paschal MysteryPaschal: Passover, the Exodus experience when God led the Hebrews out of slavery to the Promised Land Jesus’ Sacrifice on the Cross is a passing from the slavery of sin and death to the greatest freedom of all: Resurrection. The Eucharist re-presents the Paschal Mystery, enabling us to enter into the events of our Salvation.
14Historical Background of Jesus’ Death Jesus’ opponents felt threatened by some of Jesus’ words and actions.Some judged that Jesus was a false prophet.Members of the Sanhedrin accused Jesus of blasphemy, a crime punishable by death.
15Theological Background of Jesus’ Death Responsibility for Jesus’ Death is assigned historically to Pontius Pilate.The real instruments of Jesus’ crucifixion are sinners.Holding all Jewish people responsible for Jesus’ Death is a form of anti-Semitism.
16Why Jesus DiedIn his suffering and Death, Jesus’ humanity became the free and perfect instrument of divine love, a self-surrendering gift of love on our behalf.
17The Passion Narratives “Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures.”Last SupperJesus instituted the Eucharist.Jesus’ Passion, Death and Resurrection are God’s New Covenant with us.Gethsemane“Abba Take this cup”Jesus took the path of peace.
18The Passion Narratives Before the SanhedrinJudged that Jesus committed the sin of blasphemyPilate Condemns Jesus to DeathJesus was charged with sedition, punishable by death under Roman law.CrucifixionTypically died by suffocationJesus refused pain relief.“My God, my God, why have you abandoned me.”
19The Passion Narratives Jesus’ DeathSymbolized the end of the Old CovenantFulfilled the mission of the Suffering Servant“Truly, this man was the son of God.”Jesus’ BurialHis Mother, Mary, and John the “beloved disciple” and other women were presentBuried by Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus
20Resurrection of Jesus Fundamental event of Salvation History “If Christ has not been raised,then empty to is our preaching; empty, too, your faith.”
21Scriptural Accounts of the Resurrection Disciples on the road to Emmaus (Lk 24)Women (Mt 28)Mary Magdalene (Jn 20)Peter (Lk 24, 1 Cor 15)Four separate appearances to the Eleven and some other disciples (Jn 20, Mt 28, Acts 1)Seven disciples (Jn 21)More than five hundred brothers (1 Cor 15)James (1 Cor 15)Paul (Acts 9)
22Theological Meaning of the Resurrection Many disciples would suffer martyrdom for their belief that Jesus Christ rose from the dead. The event of the Resurrection is historical, but it also goes beyond human experience. It proves that Jesus is divine. He lives on in his Body, the Church. “Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again.”
23The Ascension of JesusThe Ascension “indicates a difference in manifestation between the glory of the risen Christ and that of the Christ exalted to the Father’s right hand.”On the day of Pentecost the Holy Spirit gives the Apostles the power to preach the message that Jesus is Risen.
24The Second Coming of Christ Parousia: the Second Coming of Christ when the Lord will judge the living and the dead“I was a stranger and you welcomed me.”“AMEN! COME, LORD JESUS!”MARANATHA